Richard Marsh
Bishop of Durham
Bishopmarshalofexeter1206.jpg
Bishop Marshall of Exeter, died 1206; from his tomb at Exeter, showing a bishop vested for mass.
Electedc. 27 June 1217
PredecessorMorgan
SuccessorWilliam Scot
Other post(s)Archdeacon of Northumberland
Orders
Consecrationprobably 2 July 1217
by Walter de Gray
Personal details
Died1 May 1226
Peterborough Abbey
DenominationCatholic
Lord Chancellor
In office
1214–1226
MonarchJohn of England, Henry III of England
Preceded byWalter de Gray
Succeeded byRalph Neville

Richard Marsh (died 1 May 1226), also called Richard de Marisco, served as Lord Chancellor of England and Bishop of Durham.

Early career

Marsh attended a university, as he was styled magister, but which university it was is unknown. His ancestry and upbringing likewise are unknown.[1] He was a royal clerk and canon of Exeter Cathedral before becoming Archdeacon of Northumberland by 1 November 1211. He was also Archdeacon of Richmond.[2] During that time he was also serving in the financial administration. In 1210 he earned a mention as one of the king's "evil counsellors."[1]

Royal service

During 1212 Marsh held the office of Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset. Stephen Langton, the Archbishop of Canterbury, threatened Marsh with excommunication over Marsh's exactions from the Church during the interdict of John's reign. Marsh went to Rome in 1213, to negotiate on both his own behalf and on his king's behalf, and succeeded in getting much more lenient terms from the pope than had originally been given.[1] He served as Chancellor from 29 October 1214 until his death in 1226.[3] However, his title was mostly honorary after his election as a bishop in 1217, for he no longer attended court all the time, and Ralph Neville, who had custody of the king's seal, did most of the actual work of the office of chancellor.[1]

Bishop

Marsh was elected Bishop of Durham about 27 June 1217[4] and consecrated probably on 2 July 1217.[5] His election had been promoted by the papal legate, Guala Bicchieri, and his consecration was performed by Archbishop Walter de Gray of York at Gloucester.[1]

In 1224, when Fawkes de Breauté kidnapped a royal justice and held him in Bedford Castle, Marsh voluntarily contributed to the carucage that had been voted by the clergy of the ecclesiastical province of Canterbury, even though he was a member of the province of York. This carucage was voted to help with the expenses of the siege and taking of Bedford Castle.[6] Marsh continued the quarrel between the cathedral chapter and the bishops over the revenues and rights of the monks.[1]

Death and legacy

Marsh died on 1 May 1226,[4] quite suddenly at Peterborough Abbey while on his way to London for a hearing in the lawsuit between the monks and himself. His nephew, Adam Marsh, was his heir, and received his large library as a bequest.[1]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Stacey "Marsh, Richard" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Durham: Archdeacons of Northumberland
  3. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology pp. 84–85
  4. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 241
  5. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Durham: Bishops
  6. ^ Powell and Wallis House of Lords p. 141

References

  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1971). "Durham: Archdeacons of Northumberland". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300. Vol. 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces). Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1971). "Durham: Bishops". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300. Vol. 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces). Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
  • Powell, J. Enoch; Wallis, Keith (1968). The House of Lords in the Middle Ages: A History of the English House of Lords to 1540. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. OCLC 463626.
  • Stacey, Robert C. (2004). "Marsh, Richard (d. 1226)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/18061. Retrieved 23 January 2008. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
Political offices Preceded byWalter de Gray Lord Chancellor 1214–1226 Succeeded byRalph Neville Catholic Church titles Preceded byMorgan Bishop of Durham 1217–1226 Succeeded byWilliam Scot