The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Earl Temple by George Romney.jpg
Lord Steward of the Household
In office
28 July 1830 – 1830
MonarchWilliam IV
Prime MinisterThe Duke of Wellington
Preceded byThe Marquess Conyngham
Succeeded byThe Marquess Wellesley
Personal details
Born20 March 1776 (1776-03-20)
Died17 January 1839 (1839-01-18) (aged 62)
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)Lady Anne Brydges
ChildrenThe 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Parent(s)The 1st Marquess of Buckingham
Lady Mary Nugent

Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos KG, PC (20 March 1776 – 17 January 1839), styled Earl Temple from 1784 to 1813 and known as the Marquess of Buckingham from 1813 to 1822, was a British landowner and politician.

Background

Born Richard Temple-Nugent-Grenville, he was the eldest son of George Nugent-Temple-Grenville, 1st Marquess of Buckingham, son of George Grenville, Prime Minister of Great Britain. His mother was Lady Mary Nugent, daughter of Robert Nugent, 1st Earl Nugent. Thomas Grenville and Lord Grenville were his uncles.

He was educated at Brasenose College, Oxford, where he matriculated in 1791.[1]

Political career

Earl Temple, as he was known in his father's lifetime, was elected Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire in 1797.[2] In 1806 he was made a Privy Counsellor[3] and appointed Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Joint Paymaster of the Forces in the Ministry of All the Talents headed by his uncle, Lord Grenville. He retained these posts until the fall of the Grenville administration in 1807. He left the House of Commons in 1813 when he succeeded his father in the marquessate.[4] In 1820 he was appointed a Knight of the Garter. In 1822 he was further honoured when he was made Earl Temple of Stowe, with remainder to his granddaughter Anne Eliza Mary, and Marquess of Chandos and Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, with normal remainder to heirs male.[5] He returned to ministerial office in July 1830 when he was made Lord Steward of the Household,[6] but only held the post for a short while. Apart from his political career he was also Lord-Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire from 1813 to 1839.

Buckingham also owned a plantation in Jamaica and 10,482 acres (42.42 km2) in Britain, including thirty-eight properties in the Old Nichol.[7] Nicknames such as "Lord Grenville's fat nephew", Ph D (Phat Duke), and the "gros Marquis", attested to his size and unpopularity.[4]

Family

In April 1796, aged 20, the then Earl Temple married the Lady Anne Brydges,[8] daughter and sole heir of the late James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos. Accordingly, Nugent-Temple-Grenville added Brydges and Chandos to their family names (and those of their children) by Royal licence of 15 November 1799;[9] and their full family name became the remarkable quintuple-barreled Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville. His wife died in 1836 and he died in January 1839, aged 62, and he was succeeded by his son, Richard.

References

  1. ^ Boase, George Clement (1890). "Grenville, Richard Temple Nugent Brydges Chandos" . In Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney (eds.). Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 23. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)
  3. ^ "No. 15887". The London Gazette. 4 February 1806. p. 157.
  4. ^ a b Thompson, Michael (2009) [2004]. "Grenville, Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-, first duke of Buckingham and Chandos". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/11496. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^ "No. 17781". The London Gazette. 12 January 1822. p. 59.
  6. ^ "No. 18713". The London Gazette. 30 July 1830. p. 1619.
  7. ^ Wise, Sarah (June 2009). The Blackest Streets: The Life and Death of a Victorian Slum. Vintage. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-84413-331-4.
  8. ^ "Lady Anne Elizabeth Brydes". thepeerage.com.
  9. ^ Debrett's (Retrieved 10 August 2015)
Parliament of Great Britain Preceded byJames GrenvilleMarquess of Titchfield Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire 1797–1800 With: Marquess of Titchfield Succeeded byParliament of the United Kingdom Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byParliament of Great Britain Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire 1801–1813 With: Marquess of Titchfield, to 1809William Selby Lowndes 1810–1813 Succeeded byWilliam Selby LowndesThomas Grenville Political offices Preceded byGeorge Rose Vice-President of the Board of Trade 1806–1807 Succeeded byGeorge Rose Preceded byGeorge RoseLord Charles Somerset Paymaster of the Forces 1806–1807 With: Lord John Townshend Succeeded byLord Charles SomersetCharles Long Preceded byThe Marquess Conyngham Lord Steward 1830 Succeeded byThe Marquess Wellesley Honorary titles Preceded byThe Marquess of Buckingham Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire 1813–1839 Succeeded byThe Lord Carrington Titles of nobility New creation Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 1822–1839 Succeeded byRichard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville Preceded byGeorge Nugent-Temple-Grenville Marquess of Buckingham 1813–1839 New creation Earl Temple of Stowe 1822–1839