The Earl of Clancarty
President of the Board of Trade
In office
29 September 1812 – 24 January 1818
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterThe Earl of Liverpool
Preceded byThe Earl Bathurst
Succeeded byHon. F. J. Robinson
Personal details
Born(1767-05-19)19 May 1767
Died24 November 1837(1837-11-24) (aged 70)
Kinnegad, County Westmeath
NationalityBritish
Political partyTory
Spouse(s)Henrietta Margaret Staples
(c. 1770–1847)
Alma materSt John's College, Cambridge

Richard Le Poer Trench, 2nd Earl of Clancarty, 1st Marquess of Heusden GCB GCH PC (19 May 1767 – 24 November 1837), styled The Honourable from 1797 to 1803 and then Viscount Dunlo to 1805, was an Irish peer, a nobleman in the Dutch nobility, and a diplomat. He was an Irish, and later British, Member of Parliament and a supporter of Pitt. Additionally he was appointed Postmaster General of Ireland, and later, of the United Kingdom.

Background and education

Clancarty was the son of William Trench, 1st Earl of Clancarty and Anne, daughter of Charles Gardiner and his seat was Garbally Court in Ballinasloe, East County Galway where he was associated with the Great October Fair.[1] His brother was Power Le Poer Trench (1770–1839), archbishop of Tuam. He was educated at Kimbolton School and St John's College, Cambridge.[2]

Political career

Trench represented Newtown Limavady in the Irish House of Commons from 1796 to 1798. He sat further for Galway County from 1798 to a short time before the Act of Union, when he was replaced by "Humanity Dick" Martin.

He was credited with resolving various border disputes in Holland, Germany and Italy at the Congress of Vienna, 1814–1815, and in his role as Ambassador to the Netherlands. For his service as ambassador to The Hague, he was awarded the hereditary title of Marquess of Heusden in the peerage of The Netherlands on 8 July 1815[3] by William I of the Netherlands, following the defeat of Napoleon in Brabant, in that same province's southern reaches. Trench was elected one of the 28 representative peers of Ireland on 16 December 1808. His seat in the House of Lords became hereditary when he was created Baron Trench (4 August 1815) and Viscount Clancarty (created 8 December 1823), in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, his older peerages being Irish peerages. He was a Commissioner for the Affairs of India and Custos Rotulorum of County Galway.

In the same Royal Decree that awarded the Marquessate of Heusden, K.B. of 8 July 1815, numbers 13 en 14, another Irishman, Arthur Wellesley was granted the Netherlands' Kingdom hereditary nobility-title Prince of Waterloo, following his recent exploits at Waterloo in modern-day Kingdom of Belgium.

Postmaster General

Between 1807 and 1809 Trench was one of the joint Postmasters General of Ireland[4] and he was appointed Postmaster General of the United Kingdom being one of the last joint holders of that office from 1814 to 1816.[5]

Family

On 6 February 1796 he married Henrietta Margaret Staples, daughter of John Staples and Harriet Conolly. They had the following children:

  1. Lady Lucy Le Poer Trench (d. 1839), married Robert Maxwell
  2. Lady Louisa Augusta Anne Le Poer Trench (b. 23 December 1796, d. 7 February 1881), married Reverend William Le Poer Trench
  3. Lady Harriet Margaret Le Poer Trench (b. 13 October 1799, d. 1885), married Thomas Kavanagh "the MacMurrough", a descendant of Art mac Art MacMurrough-Kavanagh
  4. Lady Emily Florinda Le Poer Trench (b. 7 November 1800), married Giovanni Cossiria
  5. Lady Frances Power Le Poer Trench (b. 22 January 1802, d. 28 December 1804)
  6. William Thomas Le Poer Trench, 3rd Earl of Clancarty (b 21 September 1803, d. 26 April 1872), married Lady Sarah Juliana Butler, daughter of Somerset Richard Butler, 3rd Earl of Carrick
  7. Hon. Richard John Le Poer Trench (b. 1805)
  8. Commander Hon. Frederick Robert Le Poer Trench (b. 23 July 1808, d. April 1867), married Catherine Maria Thompson

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ Lally, Barry (2015). "Story of the Great October Fair". Ballinasloe Fair. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Trench, Richard Power Keating (TRNC785RP)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ "Wet op Adeldom 1994; Netherlands' Law of Nobility, Article 1" (in Dutch). Hoge Raad van Adel. 1994. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  4. ^ Haydn, Joseph (1851). The Book of Dignities. London: Longmans, Brown, Green and Longmans. pp. 461.
  5. ^ Thorne, R. G. (editor) (21 April 2006). TRENCH, Hon. Richard (1767–1837), of Garbally, Co. Galway. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790–1820. Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 978-043-6521-010. Retrieved 4 October 2013.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Urban, Sylvanus. "The Earl of Clancarty." The Gentleman's Magazine. Obituary Vol. IX, January to June, London: William Pickering; John Bowyer Nickols and Son, 1838. (pp. 93–94) googlebooks Retrieved 17 October 2008
  • Lodge, Edmund. The Peerage of the British Empire As at Present Existing: Arranged and Printed from the Personal Communications of the Nobility, by Edmund Lodge, to Which Is Added a View of the Baronetage of the Three Kingdoms. London: Saunders and Otley, 1834. (p. 96) googlebooks Accessed 9 March 2008
Parliament of Ireland Preceded byJohn StaplesHugh Carncross Member of Parliament for Newtown Limavady 1796–1798 With: Hugh Carncross Succeeded byViscount CastlereaghHugh Carncross Preceded byWilliam Power Keating TrenchJoseph Henry Blake Member of Parliament for Galway County 1797–1800 With: Joseph Henry Blake Succeeded byRichard MartinJoseph Henry Blake Parliament of the United Kingdom New constituency Member of Parliament for County Galway 1801 – 1805 With: Richard Martin Succeeded byDenis Bowes DalyRichard Martin Preceded byPatrick Crauford BruceMichael Angelo Taylor Member of Parliament for Rye May 1807 – Jul 1807 With: Sir John Nicholl Succeeded bySir William Elford, BtStephen Lushington Political offices Preceded byThe Earl of Clanricarde Representative peer for Ireland 1808–1837 Succeeded byThe Lord Clonbrock Government offices Preceded byThe Earl Bathurst Master of the Mint 1812–1814 Succeeded byHon. William Wellesley-Pole President of the Board of Trade 1812–1818 Succeeded byHon. F. J. Robinson Preceded byThe Earl of Sandwich Postmaster General 1814–1816 Succeeded byThe Marquess of Salisbury Diplomatic posts Preceded byUnknown British Ambassador to the Netherlands 1813–1815 Succeeded bySir Charles Stuart Preceded bySir Charles Stuart British Ambassador to the Netherlands 1815–1823 Succeeded byUnknown Dutch nobility New creation Marquess of Heusden 1815–1837 Succeeded byWilliam Thomas Le Poer Trench Peerage of Ireland Preceded byWilliam Power Keating Trench Earl of Clancarty 2nd creation1805–1837 Succeeded byWilliam Thomas Le Poer Trench Peerage of the United Kingdom New creation Viscount Clancarty 1823–1837 Succeeded byWilliam Thomas Le Poer Trench Baron Trench 1815–1837