Richard L. Velkley
Born (1949-03-17) March 17, 1949 (age 72)
EducationPennsylvania State University (Ph.D.)
Cornell University (B.A.)
AwardsNEH Fellowship
Earhart Foundation Fellowship
Bradley Foundation Fellowship
ACLS Fellowship
Era21st-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
InstitutionsTulane University
ThesisKant as Philosopher of Theodicy (1978)
Doctoral advisorThomas Seebohm
Main interests
political philosophy, post-Kantian philosophy

Richard L. Velkley (born March 17, 1949) is an American philosopher and Celia Scott Weatherhead Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at Tulane University.[1] Velkley is known for his expertise on Kant, Rousseau, and post-Kantian philosophy. He is a former associate editor of The Review of Metaphysics (1997-2006) and a former president of the Metaphysical Society of America (2017–18).


Velkley's writing treats questions about the status of philosophic reason and its relation to society and politics since the late 18th century: the principles of Enlightenment thought and their revision, criticism and sometimes complete rejection; conceptions of freedom and their role in attempts to address social and psychic division and alienation; the turn to aesthetic experience and aesthetic education; criticisms of modernity inspired by ancient thought; the meaning and the consequences of the historical turn in modern philosophy; accounts of crisis in the philosophical tradition and critical analyses of the grounds of the tradition. He conceives the study of the history of philosophy as a way to become aware of persisting perplexities in human life that remain unresolved in the modern period. His historical inquiry starts from Rousseau's criticism of modern philosophy and considers responses of later thinkers to it, in the first place Kant.[2][3][4][5][6][7] He has lectured widely in the U.S. and abroad (Canada, France, Germany, China, Belgium, Brazil, Italy, Denmark) on these topics.

In Velkley’s account, Rousseau is not a sentimental thinker of natural contentment but the initiator of a problematically dialectical conception of human reason. Human perfectibility, chiefly through the invention of speech, expands desires beyond immediate needs, creating new desires for luxuries and unattainable goods. Reason is the root of human self-alienation, the loss of equilibrium between cognitive faculties and desires, for which Rousseau offers various remedies. With this thought he influenced Kant in ways that go beyond the widely-recognized kinship of Kantian autonomy with Rousseau’s general will. Kant is awakened by Rousseau in the 1760s to a crisis in modern civilization (the burdening of life by factitious desires, the weakening of confidence in reason); he then finds in freedom a unifying standpoint beyond nature to counter the chaos of artificial desires. Rousseau continues to exert a powerful pull on European philosophy, partly through Kant, by his interpretation of the modern self in terms of the dialectical striving of an antinomic reason seeking unity with itself. This striving, in various guises, is the central plot of human history in numerous post-Kantian philosophers.[8][9]



  1. ^ Lynch, Christopher and Marks, Jonathan, eds. (2016) Principle and Prudence in Western Political Thought, SUNY Press, p. 382.
  2. ^ Chance, Brian (27 February 2013). "Review of Kant's Observations and Remarks: A Critical Guide". Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews : NDPR. ISSN 1538-1617.
  3. ^ Velkley, Richard (18 August 2015). "Review of Rousseau and Hobbes: Nature, Free Will, and the Passions". Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews : NDPR. ISSN 1538-1617.
  4. ^ Velkley, Richard (14 February 2017). "Review of Images of History: Kant, Benjamin, Freedom and the Human Subject". Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews : NDPR. ISSN 1538-1617.
  5. ^ Zank, Michael (3 September 2013). "Review of Heidegger, Strauss, and the Premises of Philosophy: On Original Forgetting". Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews : NDPR. ISSN 1538-1617.
  6. ^ German, Andy (1 November 2013). "What is 'First Philosophy'? Comments on Richard Velkley's Heidegger, Strauss, and the Premises of Philosophy". History of European Ideas. 39 (6): 899–915. doi:10.1080/01916599.2013.765080. ISSN 0191-6599. S2CID 144097161.
  7. ^ Harold, Philip (27 January 2012). "Review of "Freedom and the Human Person" edited by Richard Velkley". Journal of Markets & Morality. 11 (2). ISSN 1944-7841. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  8. ^ Sensen, Oliver (2013). Kant on Moral Autonomy. Cambridge University Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-107-00486-3.
  9. ^ Being After Rousseau (Chicago 2002), pp. 4-8, 112-13