|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Richmond and Barnes|
Richmond (1918–1983) was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Richmond. The seat mirrored for its first 47 years a small northern projection of Surrey (between Middlesex and the County of London). For the final 18 years its area, in local government, fell into the new county of Greater London.
Each winning candidate was a Unionist or from the allied Conservative Party.
Formally and informally on a local basis Richmond constituency; national publications usually added a reference to Surrey to distinguish Richmond (Yorks) (UK Parliament constituency) (1585–present).
The constituency was created by the Representation of the People Act 1918 for the 1918 general election. The area had been roughly the northern part of Kingston (also in Surrey).
From April 1965 the constituency formed part of Greater London. It was the eastern half of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. The Second Periodical Review of the Parliamentary Boundary Commission for England in 1969 formally made "a slight modification in the names to conform with our policy of using the London borough name as a prefix", so that the constituency was formally known as 'Richmond upon Thames, Richmond'. Due to its prolix this was never used in the popular press. No boundary changes were made.
The seat was abolished for the 1983 general election; replaced by Richmond and Barnes which took in a small part of former Middlesex, the local government electoral ward of East Twickenham.
Not based on an ancient borough or key town, it reflected the schema of the third Great Reform three decades before its creation, continued by the Fourth Reform Act, Lloyd George's Representation of the People Act 1918 by returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament, elected by first past the post.
In 1918 the seat was created as a borough constituency of Surrey. It was in the north-west corner of the much-reduced county (in the 1880s) and adjoined the south bank of the River Thames. It comprised the Municipal Borough of Richmond which included Kew and Petersham, as well as the Urban Districts of Barnes and Ham.
In 1932 the Barnes Urban District was upgraded to a municipal borough. In the following year most of Ham was incorporated in the Municipal Borough of Richmond. These were local government reconfigurations.
In the redistribution of parliamentary seats which took effect in 1950, this seat was little changed. It was defined in the Representation of the People Act 1948 as comprising the Municipal Boroughs of Barnes and Richmond. There were some minor boundary changes to the two Municipal Boroughs, which affected the parliamentary seat from 1964 (per S.I. 1960/465).
Incorporated in Greater London from 1974, the redistribution of parliamentary seats which took effect in 1974 did not change the constituency boundaries. It did however recast the definition of the boundaries, which set the constituency as comprising the following wards of the London Borough: Barnes, East Sheen, Ham, Petersham, Kew, Mortlake, Palewell, Richmond Hill and Richmond Town.
|1918||Clifford Blackburn Edgar||Unionist|
|1922||Harry Becker||Independent Unionist|
|1924||Sir Newton Moore||Unionist|
|1932 by-election||Sir William Ray||Conservative|
|1937 by-election||George Harvie-Watt||Conservative|
|1983||constituency abolished: see Richmond & Barnes|
|C||Unionist||Clifford Blackburn Edgar||8,364||47.4|
|Independent||Norah Dacre Fox||3,615||20.4|
|Liberal||R. James Morrison||3,491||19.7|
|Independent||W. Walter Crotch ||2,220||12.5|
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Independent Unionist||Harry Becker*||12,075||50.6||New|
|Unionist||Clifford Blackburn Edgar||6,032||25.3||-22.1|
|Liberal||Margery Corbett Ashby||5,765||24.1||+4.4|
|Independent Unionist gain from Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal||Margery Corbett Ashby||7,702||37.0||+12.9|
|Unionist gain from Independent Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal||William Henry Williamson||6,802||17.2||New|
|Labour||John Lamb Thomson||6,460||15.5||-8.6|
|Labour||David Stark Murray||15,760||34.5||+8.0|
|Liberal||George Andrew Douglas Gordon||5,029||11.0||New|
|Common Wealth||Douglas George Horace Frank||753||1.7||New|
|Labour||Karl Thorold Westwood||17,238||32.1||-2.4|
|Labour||John Stuart Barr||14,673||30.8||-1.1|
|Liberal||Eva Mabel Haynes||5,266||11.1||+1.7|
|Labour||Charles H Archibald||12,975||27.3||-3.5|
|Labour||David George Boulton||15,608||35.4||+3.5|
|Liberal||Peter Miles Trelawney Sheldon-Williams||6,661||15.1||-2.6|
|Labour||Antony R. Palmer||12,981||31.7||-3.7|
|Labour||Antony R. Palmer||8,322||18.8||-12.9|
|National Front||Eric Ashley Russell||570||1.3||New|
|Liberal||Alan John Watson||13,235||32.7||-2.9|
|National Front||Eric Ashley Russell||1,000||2.5||+1.2|
|Liberal||Alan John Watson||16,764||40.5||+7.8|
|National Front||Patricia Murphy||244||0.6||-1.9|
|Libertarian Party||*David Dean Wedgwood||34||0.1||New|