Richmond County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°56′N 76°43′W / 37.94°N 76.72°W / 37.94; -76.72
Country United States
State Virginia
Founded1692
Named forRichmond, London or
Charles Lennox
SeatWarsaw
Largest townWarsaw
Area
 • Total216 sq mi (560 km2)
 • Land191 sq mi (490 km2)
 • Water25 sq mi (60 km2)  11.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,923
 • Density41/sq mi (16/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.co.richmond.va.us

Richmond County is a county located on the Northern Neck in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population sits at 8,923.[1] Its county seat is Warsaw.[2] The rural county should not be confused with the large city and state capital Richmond, Virginia. It was formed in 1692 when the first Rappahannock County was divided to form Richmond County and Essex County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 216 square miles (560 km2), of which 191 square miles (490 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (11.5%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17906,985
180013,74496.8%
18106,214−54.8%
18205,706−8.2%
18306,0556.1%
18405,965−1.5%
18506,4488.1%
18606,8566.3%
18706,503−5.1%
18807,19510.6%
18907,146−0.7%
19007,088−0.8%
19107,4154.6%
19207,4340.3%
19306,878−7.5%
19406,634−3.5%
19506,189−6.7%
19606,3753.0%
19705,841−8.4%
19806,95219.0%
19907,2734.6%
20008,80921.1%
20109,2545.1%
20208,923−3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790–1960[5] 1900–1990[6]
1990–2000[7] 2010[8] 2020[9]

2020 census

Richmond County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[8] Pop 2020[9] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 5,755 5,564 62.19% 62.36%
Black or African American alone (NH) 2,793 2,419 30.18% 27.11%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 24 16 0.26% 0.18%
Asian alone (NH) 39 42 0.42% 0.47%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 2 0 0.02% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 4 5 0.04% 0.06%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 127 280 1.37% 3.14%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 510 597 5.51% 6.69%
Total 9,254 8,923 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census

Age pyramid for Richmond County, based on census 2000 data
Age pyramid for Richmond County, based on census 2000 data

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 8809 people, 2,937 households, and 2,000 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km2). There were 3,512 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 64.77% White, 33.17% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 2.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,937 households, out of which 27.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.90% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 18.40% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 31.80% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 127.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 131.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,026, and the median income for a family was $42,143. Males had a median income of $30,722 versus $21,807 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,675. About 11.90% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.20% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.

In 2004 the Menokin Bluegrass Festival (later changed to Menokin Music Festival) was launched in Richmond County at the ruins of Francis Lightfoot Lee's (a signer of the Declaration of Independence) ancestral home, Menokin. The festival attracts thousands of music fans every year in a celebration of the Northern Neck's historical legacy.

Communities

Rural scene in Richmond County
Rural scene in Richmond County

Town

Unincorporated communities

Germans Corner another locality name in the county. It is about 1.5 miles north of Naylors Beach, at the junction of Virginia State Route 636 and Virginia State Route 624. It is named from Wilber L. Jerman, who built a large dwelling at the location in 1923, and lived there until 1946. Jerman's wife Cleva May was deeded 50 acres extending from the south and west of the corner from her father in 1920. Over time the original "Jerman's Corner" has come to be misspelled and known as "German's Corner."[11]

Politics

United States presidential election results for Richmond County, Virginia[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,547 62.09% 1,513 36.88% 42 1.02%
2016 2,213 60.45% 1,347 36.79% 101 2.76%
2012 2,160 57.29% 1,574 41.75% 36 0.95%
2008 2,092 55.86% 1,618 43.20% 35 0.93%
2004 2,082 61.95% 1,243 36.98% 36 1.07%
2000 1,784 60.50% 1,076 36.49% 89 3.02%
1996 1,424 50.91% 1,101 39.36% 272 9.72%
1992 1,609 52.75% 1,034 33.90% 407 13.34%
1988 1,862 66.24% 924 32.87% 25 0.89%
1984 1,869 68.46% 830 30.40% 31 1.14%
1980 1,567 62.81% 854 34.23% 74 2.97%
1976 1,391 60.80% 864 37.76% 33 1.44%
1972 1,565 77.55% 435 21.56% 18 0.89%
1968 1,011 48.86% 490 23.68% 568 27.45%
1964 901 58.51% 636 41.30% 3 0.19%
1960 801 64.96% 425 34.47% 7 0.57%
1956 761 67.89% 274 24.44% 86 7.67%
1952 727 68.91% 326 30.90% 2 0.19%
1948 296 48.13% 240 39.02% 79 12.85%
1944 336 47.93% 364 51.93% 1 0.14%
1940 257 34.68% 475 64.10% 9 1.21%
1936 217 32.49% 451 67.51% 0 0.00%
1932 192 29.14% 461 69.95% 6 0.91%
1928 467 61.53% 292 38.47% 0 0.00%
1924 125 26.54% 340 72.19% 6 1.27%
1920 206 39.09% 321 60.91% 0 0.00%
1916 180 35.36% 329 64.64% 0 0.00%
1912 110 22.36% 342 69.51% 40 8.13%


See also

Coordinates: 37°56′N 76°43′W / 37.94°N 76.72°W / 37.94; -76.72

References

  1. ^ "Richmond County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  8. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Richmond County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Richmond County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ Ryland, Elizabeth Lowell. Richmond County, Virginia: A Review Commemorating the Bicentennial, p. 48 )(1976)
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 9, 2020.