The Riddler appears in the 1960s Batman television series and its the theatrical film spin-off, portrayed by Frank Gorshin in the first and third seasons along with the film while John Astin portrayed Riddler in the second season. This version was inspired by the Riddler's first Silver Age appearance, with the premiere episode being an adaptation of Batman #171. Gorshin would be nominated for an Emmy Award for his performance, which elevated the character's popularity and turned him into a major member of Batman's rogues gallery of enemies.
The Riddler appears in series set in the DC Animated Universe (DCAU), voiced by John Glover. To avoid confusion with the Joker, the producers of Batman: The Animated Series chose not to portray this version as Frank Gorshin's cackling trickster from the 1960s live-action Batman series; instead portraying Riddler as a smooth intellectual who presents genuinely challenging puzzles and dresses in a sedated version of Gorshin's preferred costume for the character. The series creators also admit they did not use him often because his character often made story plots too long, complex, or bizarre and they found it very hard to devise the villain's riddles.
Riddler first appears in Batman: The Animated Series, with his design consisting of a green suit, purple mask, and a staff that lacks the usual question mark-shaped design. Introduced in the episode "If You're So Smart, Why Aren't You Rich?", Edward Nygma was once a video game developer before he was unjustly fired by his greedy boss, Daniel Mockridge. Following a failed attempt on his life, the Riddler faces Batman on several occasions.
Riddler makes cameo appearances in The New Batman Adventures, now sporting a unitard with a large question mark and no hair and mask.
An android drone of the Riddler makes a non-speaking cameo appearance in the Batman Beyond episode "Terry's Friend Dates a Robot", in which it fights the new Batman. When asked about Riddler's fate, the show's creator Paul Dini jokingly stated that the Riddler retired and started running a men's clothing store with the Mad Hatter as his partner.
The Riddler appears in the 1980s series Super Friends, voiced again by Michael Bell.
The Riddler appears in The Batman, voiced by Robert Englund. This version sports a Gothic appearance and is served by henchmen called Riddlemen. In the past, Edward Nygma and his partner Julie (voiced by Brooke Shields) worked on a device capable of enhancing the human brain when he was approached by a man named Gorman who wanted to purchase the rights to the device, though Nygma refused. When the device malfunctioned at a demonstration, Nygma accused Gorman of sabotaging it and attempted to kill him, only to be foiled by Batman. In the present, Nygma becomes the Riddler to make another attempt on Gorman's life, only to learn Julie was the one who sabotaged their device out of greed, breaking Nygma's heart.
The Riddler appears in Batman: The Brave and the Bold, voiced by John Michael Higgins. Following a minor appearance in the teaser for the episode "A Bat Divided!", the Riddler appears in "The Criss Cross Conspiracy!" as the target of a revenge plot arranged by Batwoman, whom he had publicly unmasked and humiliated ten years prior.
The Riddler appears in Harley Quinn, voiced by Jim Rash. This version is a member of the Legion of Doom in the first season and a founding member of the Injustice League in the second season. Additionally, he takes on a muscular physique after being captured by Harley Quinn's crew and being forced to power their mall lair in the latter season. As of the third season, he has returned to his slim physique and entered a relationship with Clock King.
Edward Nygma / The Riddler appears in the 1995 film Batman Forever, portrayed by Jim Carrey. This version is an eccentric, amoral inventor at Wayne Enterprises who designs "The Box", a device capable of draining people of their intellect. After Bruce Wayne rejects his invention, Nygma becomes the Riddler to prove his superiority to Wayne by obsessively sending him puzzles to solve. Riddler later allies with Two-Face and goes on a crime spree to found his own company, NygmaTech, and mass-produce his technology, allowing him to absorb all of Gotham City's citizens' intelligence and deduce that Bruce Wayne is Batman. Ultimately, Batman overloads the information flowing into Riddler's brain, driving the latter insane before he is incarcerated at Arkham Asylum.
Edward Nashton / The Riddler appears in the 2022 film The Batman, portrayed by Paul Dano. This version is depicted as a masked serial killer, partly inspired by the real-life Zodiac Killer, who seeks to "unmask the truth" about Gotham City by targeting its upper class while taunting Batman and law enforcement with ciphers and riddles. Additionally, Nashton is an orphan with a grudge against Thomas Wayne for not keeping his promise to fund the former's orphanage before his murder, is envious of Bruce Wayne for being an orphan who grew up rich, and ironically idolizes Batman, who served as inspiration for Nashton becoming the Riddler. After throwing Gotham City into disarray by leaking its leadership's corruption and killing the mayor, the police commissioner, the district attorney, and crime boss Carmine Falcone, Nashton allows himself to be captured and imprisoned at Arkham Asylum. Batman then discovers Nashton's ultimate plan: to flood Gotham with explosives around its breakwaters and have his followers assassinate newly elected mayor Bella Reál. After Batman saves Reál, Nashton laments his failure, but befriends another inmate.
Edward Nygma appears in Batman: Hush, voiced by Geoffrey Arend. Similarly to the comics, this version deduces Batman's identity as Bruce Wayne while using a Lazarus Pit to cure his brain tumor. However, Nygma goes on to use the alternate alter-ego Hush to manipulate other supervillains into destroying Batman on multiple fronts, while using Clayface to assume his Riddler identity to maintain appearances. Ultimately, Nygma's plans are foiled and he is killed by Catwoman.
Edward Nashton / Enigma / The Riddler appears in all four primary installments of the Batman: Arkham video game series, voiced by Wally Wingert. This version had an abusive father who accused him of cheating in a riddle solving contest before beating him. This resulted in Nashton becoming obsessed with riddles and proving his intellectual superiority. He would later go on to become a police consultant and the apparent head of the GCPD's Cybercrime unit, during which he operated as Enigma before eventually becoming the Riddler.
While the Riddler does not physically appear in Batman: Arkham Asylum (2009), he hacks into Batman's communication system early on in the story and persistently challenges the Dark Knight to solve various riddles located throughout Arkham Island and its various facilities. Upon completing all of the Riddler's challenges, Batman triangulates the former's location in Gotham City and has him arrested by the Gotham City Police Department (GCPD).
The Riddler makes his first physical appearance in the sequel Batman: Arkham City (2011). He, along with many of Gotham City's criminals and supervillains, is captured and sent to Professor Hugo Strange's Arkham City, a lawless and walled city whose inhabitants are free to wreak havoc. The Riddler kidnaps former Arkham guard Aaron Cash's medical protection team, places them in death traps, and threatens to murder them in order to force Batman to solve his riddles and challenges, which he has scattered throughout Arkham City. Additionally, the Riddler employs henchmen embedded in the Joker, Penguin and Two-Face's gangs. After Batman eventually outwits the death traps and rescues some of the hostages, Oracle discerns the location of the Riddler's hideout, where Batman rescues the remaining hostages and subdues the Riddler.
A young Nashton, as Enigma, appears in the prequel Batman: Arkham Origins (2013). He establishes a series of signal jammers throughout Gotham City to disrupt Batman's Batwing and hacking transmitter as part of a plot to blackmail Gotham's most prominent citizens and make the city a better place by ridding it of the corrupt despite putting innocent lives at risk. To further his plot, Nashton also has informants and pieces of extortion recordings scattered throughout Gotham. After uncovering and decoding the recordings and destroying the jammers, Batman finds Enigma's hideout, but the latter has gone into hiding by then.
In Batman: Arkham Knight (2015), the Riddler has built robots to assist him, established more challenges for Batman throughout all of Gotham, and coerces him into completing them by taking Catwoman hostage via an explosive collar. As he completes the challenges, Batman locates the keys needed to remove Catwoman's collar before the pair confront the Riddler in a "Riddler Mech" and his army of robots. After defeating him, Batman takes the Riddler to GCPD headquarters.
The Riddler appears as an unlockable playable character in the mobile game Batman: Arkham Underworld. In the game, he wields a sawed-off shotgun along with his cane, which he can use to electrocute enemies, create holograms, and sabotage electronic devices. He can also bring in two of his robotic minions for assistance.
The Riddler appears in Lego Batman 2: DC Super Heroes, voiced by Rob Paulsen impersonating Jim Carrey's interpretation of the character. He serves as a boss in the "Theatrical Pursuits" level and an optional boss and unlockable playable character atop Wayne Tower.
The Riddler appears in Batman: The Enemy Within, voiced by Robin Atkin Downes. This version is known as "Gotham's original costumed criminal", as he operated whilst the city was controlled by Thomas Wayne and Carmine Falcone. Despite being 60 years old, he is a skilled hand-to-hand combatant and practitioner of Bartitsu, which he uses in conjunction with his cane. A former employee of the Agency's scientific division SANCTUS, he was the only surviving human test subject of their experiments with the "LOTUS virus", a bioweapon that allowed him to maintain his youth but drove him insane. After disappearing for several years, he resurfaces as the leader of a criminal group called the Pact in order to steal the LOTUS virus as well as pursue personal revenge against the Agency and target Batman. In the midst of his attacks, Lucius Fox is inadvertently killed by a missile strike on Wayne Enterprises. Batman eventually defeats the Riddler, who is assassinated by Lucius' daughter, Tiffany. The Pact and Amanda Waller use the Riddler's body to create their own versions of the LOTUS virus, but their samples are destroyed by Agent Iman Avesta.
Spoofs and parodies
In the Tiny Toon Adventures episode "Inside Plucky Duck", a cartoon called "Bat's All, Folks!" parodied the Riddler as the Question Mark (voiced by Charlie Adler). He attacks Bat-Duck by asking "How can you tell if an elephant's been in your bed?" Bat-Duck asks "African elephant or Indian?" to which he quotes "Gee, I don't know" and is defeated by Bat-Duck. Gogo Dodo also dresses as the Riddler (the 60's TV show variant) after quoting a famous line from Hamlet in the pilot episode "The Looney Beginning".
A character inspired by the Riddler and Mad Libs called the Mad Libber appears in the Drawn Together episode "Captain Girl".
An episode of "Badman", a CollegeHumor parody of "Batman", features Batman finding a kidnapped Rachel Dawes held hostage by the Riddler (redesigned to look more like the villains seen in the Nolan films). He gets frustrated with Batman's stupidity over not solving his simple riddle and tries shooting him, but one of the bullets bounces off Batman's armor and hits him.
The Riddler appears in the "Superhero Speed Dating" sketch of Movie 43, portrayed by Will Carlough. He was revealed to be at the speed dating establishment posing as Supergirl.
A box with the Riddler's question mark appears in a Garfield comic on December 10, 2010.
A brief Robot Chicken sketch features the Riddler (voiced by Patrick Warburton) at home with his family. He poses a riddle asking someone to pass the salt and his wife angrily berates him for his needless complications. In another sketch featuring the Justice League and the Legion of Doom teaming up to defeat Starro the Conqueror, the Riddler (voiced by Paul Reubens) refuses to attack until someone acknowledges his riddling, prompting the giant starfish to crush him.
Riddler action figure, part of the "Super Amigos Collection"
Riddler has made several appearances as an action figure as part of Kenner's Batman: The Animated Series, Legends of Batman, and Batman: Knight Force Ninjas lines; Mattel's The Batman line; and Art Asylum's minimates line. He has also been produced as a HeroClix. Five different Riddler figures were produced for the 1995 Batman Forever line, including a Target exclusive and one that says phrases from the film.
Three versions of the Riddler have appeared in the DC Direct line, two based on his first appearance and one based on his look in the "Hush" storyline. The Japanese toy company Yamato has also produced a figure of him.
Mattel has included two versions of the character in its DC Universe toyline; one in his classic costume, and another in his current costume.
In 1974, the Mego company released two Riddler figures; one was 8" tall with a cloth outfit for the World's Greatest Superheroes line of toys (this figure was in production until 1979), the other was a smaller figure which was molded rubber over the wire for the Bend 'n Flex line. In 1975 and 1976, Mego also released the 8" tall Fist Fighting Riddler which was basically the same as the 1974 figure except it had a mechanism which allowed a child move a lever on the figure's back to make the arms swing.
Bearbrick released a DC Superpowers Riddler which was released at 2013 San Diego ComicCon (July 18–21) by Medicom Toy which was limited to only 1500.
DC Direct has released a Riddler figure in the Batman: Arkham City line.
During his time on the 1960s television series, Frank Gorshin recorded an album with a song titled "The Riddler", in which he sings of his obsession with puzzles. He performed a musical parody of the character on Dean Martin's variety show in 1966.
Mind Bender is a roller-coaster at Six Flags Over Georgia outside Atlanta, first built in 1978, that in 1997 was re-themed to match the Riddler, after the park built Batman: The Ride alongside it. Mind Bender was given a green paint scheme and its trains were painted black and covered with question marks. The coaster had originally been silver, then was later painted brown.
^Game Informer features a two-page gallery of the many heroes and villains who appear in the game with a picture for each character and a descriptive paragraph. See "LEGO Batman: Character Gallery", Game Informer 186 (October 2008): 93.