|• location||Goodshaw Hill, Rossendale (as Woodnook Water)|
|Hyndburn Brook, south of Dunkenhalgh.|
The River Hyndburn is a minor river in Lancashire, England. Beginning as Woodnook Water on the slopes of Goodshaw Hill, it passes through Stone Fold, Rising Bridge and Baxenden where it is augmented by streams from Thirteen Stone Hill and continues to the Woodnook area of Accrington. Near St James Church, it collects Broad Oak Water (recorded in 1800 as the River Grange) becoming the River Hyndburn.
It heads northward through the town centre, collecting Pleck Brook and turning west, as it flows under the viaduct of the East Lancashire Railway Line, it continues to Church.
Here it turns northward again, meeting Hyndburn Brook just before it passes under the M65 Motorway bridge to the south of Dunkenhalgh, which continues past Clayton-le-Moors and Great Harwood ultimately joining the River Calder then after. Today, much of the course of the river and parts of its tributaries run underground through culverts. The borough of Hyndburn in Lancashire is named after the river.
The name is from Old English burna “stream” (not Old Norse brunnr “spring”, as with some place names over the boundary in North Yorkshire). The first element of the name is uncertain; it may be Old English hyldre “an elder tree”, or hynd “hind”, or the Old Norse/Old English personal name Helþor/Helthor.
Two streams which go on to become the River Hyndburn lie within the old township of Henheads. The township is thought to be thus named, because the Hyndburn was more often called the Henburn in the past.
An ongoing river improvement scheme aimed to allow migrating salmon, trout and eels access to the River Hyndburn, saw the construction during 2017 of a fish bypass at the 4-metre (13 ft 1 in) high, nineteenth century Oakenshaw Print Works weir on Hyndburn Brook. Work started on another similar project in June 2019, upstream at the weir of Dunkenhalgh near Rishton.
Woodnook Vale and Peel Park were officially designated on 11 July 2018 as local nature reserves, becoming the two largest in Lancashire. Woodnook Vale covers approximately 2.2 miles (3.5 km) of Woodnook Water, south of Accrington and includes Rothwell Heights on the western side of the valley. The Peel Park site, east of the town, covers the mill ponds above the old Plantation Mill print works site, which supply Pleck Brook.
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