Rivia
רְבִ֗יעַ ֗ וְהָאָ֗רֶץ
cantillation
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnachta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tifcha ֖
rivia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam [de] ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh [de] ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   illuy ֬
dehi [de] ֭   zinor ֮

The Rivia (רְבִיעַ‎, [rəvi​ʕa]) is a cantillation mark commonly found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other biblical texts. The Aram word רְבִיעַי‎) has its Hebrew counter part רְבִיעִיRivi'i, with other variant English spellings. Its meaning is 'the fourth'.[1]

Rivia is considered to have medium strength. It is stronger than a Pashta or Tevir, but weaker than a Zakef or Tipcha.[2]

The Rivia can occur either by itself, or following one or two Munachs. When there are two Munachs prior to a Rivia, the first Munach has a long melody, and the second one is short. When there is one Munach, it is short.

Based on its translation with fourth in printouts it is represented by a diamond-shaped mark. However in manuscripts it's just a dot.[3]

Total occurrences

Book Number of appearances
Torah 2430[4]
   Genesis 610[4]
   Exodus 504[4]
   Leviticus 312[4]
   Numbers 497[4]
   Deuteronomy 507[4]
Nevi'im 2239[5]
Ketuvim 1672[5]

Melody

The Rivia is read in a slow, downward tone, with a pause in the middle breaking upward.

Rivia.jpg

References

  1. ^ Buhl, Dr. Frants (2021). Wilhelm Gesenius' Hebräisches und aramäisches Handwörterbuch [Hebrew and Aram concise dictionary by Wilhelm Gesenius] (in German) (17 ed.). Berlin / Heidelberg: Springer. p. 742. ISBN 978-3-642-94264-8.
  2. ^ Chanting the Hebrew Bible By Joshua R. Jacobson, page 102
  3. ^ The Art of Cantillation, Volume 2: A Step-By-Step Guide to Chanting Haftarot ... By Marshall Portnoy, Josée Wolff, page 43
  4. ^ a b c d e f Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  5. ^ a b Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5