R. Aaron Gordon
Aaron Goldstein

(1908-07-26)July 26, 1908
DiedApril 7, 1978(1978-04-07) (aged 69)
SpouseMargaret Gordon
Academic career
InstitutionUniversity of California, Berkeley
School or
Alma materHarvard University
Johns Hopkins University

Robert Aaron Gordon (born Aaron Goldstein;[1] July 26, 1908 – April 7, 1978) was an American economist. He was a professor of economics at the University of California, Berkeley from 1938 to 1976. In 1975, he served as president of the American Economic Association.[2]

He was married to economist Margaret Gordon (1910–94).[3][4] Both of their sons, Robert J. Gordon and David M. Gordon, became notable economists as well.[5]

In 1959, with funding from the Ford Foundation, Gordon and James Edwin Howell published Higher Education for Business, later known as the Gordon-Howell report. It is considered a key event in the history of business management and its development as a profession. The report gave detailed recommendations for treating management as a science and improving the academic quality of business schools.[6][7][8][9][10] The next thirty years are sometimes referred to as a "Golden Age" in which quantitative social science research became an established part of business schools.[11][6]


  1. ^ Historical register of Harvard University, 1636-1936. Harvard University. 1937.
  2. ^ "University of California: In Memoriam, 1980". texts.cdlib.org. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
  3. ^ A biographical dictionary of women economists. Robert W. Dimand, Mary Ann Dimand, Evelyn L. Forget. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. 2000. ISBN 1-84376-142-4. OCLC 49852577.((cite book)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (2 June 1994). "Margaret S. Gordon, 83, Dies; Economist and Prolific Author". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  5. ^ "Robert Aaron Gordon, Economist And Expert on Manpower, Dies". New York Times. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
  6. ^ a b Tsui, Anne S. (21 January 2022). "From Traditional Research to Responsible Research: The Necessity of Scientific Freedom and Scientific Responsibility for Better Societies". Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior. 9 (1): 1–32. doi:10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-062021-021303. ISSN 2327-0608. S2CID 244238570. Retrieved 21 March 2022.
  7. ^ Khurana, Rakesh (2007). From higher aims to hired hands : the social transformation of American business schools and the unfulfilled promise of management as a profession. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 273. ISBN 9780691145877.
  8. ^ McLaren, Patricia Genoe (March 2019). "Stop Blaming Gordon and Howell: Unpacking the Complex History Behind the Research-Based Model of Education". Academy of Management Learning & Education. 18 (1): 43–58. doi:10.5465/amle.2017.0311. S2CID 149571315.
  9. ^ "The more things change..." The Economist. 4 June 2009. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  10. ^ Hutchins, John G. B. (1960). "Review of Higher Education for Business.; The Education of American Business Men: A Study in University-College Programs in Business Administration". Administrative Science Quarterly. 5 (2): 279–295. doi:10.2307/2390781. ISSN 0001-8392. JSTOR 2390781. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  11. ^ McKiernan, P.; Tsui, A. S. (2020). "Responsible Research in Business and Management: transforming doctoral education". In Moosmayer, DC; Laasch, O; Parkes, C; Brown, KG (eds.). The Sage Handbook of Responsible Management Learning and Education. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publ. pp. 485–501.