The Lord Auckland
Bishop of Bath and Wells
Lord Auckland by George Richmond
DioceseBath and Wells
Installed2 June 1854
Term ended6 September 1869
PredecessorRichard Bagot
SuccessorLord Arthur Hervey
Other post(s)Bishop of Sodor and Man (1847–1854)
Personal details
Born10 July 1799
Eden Farm, Beckenham, Kent
Died25 April 1870
Bishop's Palace, Wells, Somerset
DenominationAnglican
Spouse
Mary Hurt
(m. 1825)
Alma materMagdalene College, Cambridge
Lord Auckland in the 1860s

Robert John Eden, 3rd Baron Auckland (10 July 1799 – 25 April 1870), styled The Honourable Robert Eden from birth until 1849, was a British clergyman. He was Bishop of Sodor and Man from 1847 to 1854 and Bishop of Bath and Wells from 1854 to 1869.

Background and education

Born at Eden Farm, Beckenham, Kent, he was third son of William Eden, 1st Baron Auckland and his wife Eleanor Elliot, oldest daughter of Sir Gilbert Elliot, 3rd Baronet.[1] His older brother was George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland, his uncles were Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet, of Maryland and Morton Eden, 1st Baron Henley. Eden was sent to Eton in 1814 and went then to Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he proceeded Master of Arts five years later.[2] In 1847, he received a Bachelor of Divinity and a Doctor of Divinity by the University of Cambridge.[2] When his brother George died in 1849, he succeeded him not in the earldom, but in the barony conferred upon their father.

Career

Eden was made deacon in 1823 by the Bishop of Norwich, ordained priest in 1824 by the Bishop of Worcester[3] and was appointed rector of Eyam in Derbyshire in 1823.[1] He was transferred to Hertingfordbury, near Hertford in 1825, a post he held for a decade.[1] Subsequently, Eden served as vicar of Battersea until 1847.[1] He was likewise nominated chaplain to King William IV in 1831 and after the latter's death in 1837 to Queen Victoria for the next ten years. On 23 May 1847, Eden was consecrated Bishop of Sodor and Man, and installed at Castletown on 29 June. He was translated to the see of Bath and Wells on 2 June 1854, which he held until his resignation on 6 September 1869.

Author

Eden was the author of A Churchman's Theological Dictionary (1845), A Reply to a Letter to the Bishop of Bath and Wells on the subject of the recent Restoration of the Parish Church of Kingsbury Episcopi, by George Parsons (1854), Charges of the Bishop of Bath and Wells (3 vols. 1855, 1858, and 1861), and The Journal and Correspondence of William, Lord Auckland, edited by the Bishop of Bath and Wells (1860). He was moderate in his views, but inclining to the high church school.

Family

Lord Auckland married Mary Hurt, eldest daughter of Francis Edward Hurt of Alderwasley, Derbyshire, on 15 September 1825. She died on 25 November 1872. Auckland died at the Bishop's Palace, Wells on 25 April 1870, and was buried in the Palm churchyard, near Wells Cathedral, four days later.

Robert and Mary had five sons and five daughters. They are as follows:

References

  1. ^ a b c d Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. pp. 107–108.
  2. ^ a b "Eden, Robert John (EDN817RJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ Crockford's 1860, p. 34
  4. ^ John Sutherland (13 October 2014). The Longman Companion to Victorian Fiction. Routledge. p. 204. ISBN 978-1-317-86333-5.
  5. ^ Cokayne, G.E.; Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed.. 13 volumes in 14. 1910-1959. Reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000.
  6. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh. Burke's Irish Family Records. London, U.K.: Burkes Peerage Ltd, 1976.
  7. ^ G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 336
  8. ^ Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), pag 49. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.
  9. ^ a b c d e Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes. Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999.
  10. ^ a b The Peerage, Baronetage, And Knightage, Of Great Britain And Ireland. Whittaker And Company. 1860. p. 633.

Attribution

Church of England titles Preceded byWalter Shirley Bishop of Sodor and Man 1847–1854 Succeeded byHoratio Powys Preceded byRichard Bagot Bishop of Bath and Wells 1854–1869 Succeeded byLord Arthur Hervey Peerage of Ireland Preceded byGeorge Eden Baron Auckland 1849–1870 Succeeded byWilliam George Eden Peerage of Great Britain Preceded byGeorge Eden Baron Auckland 1849–1870 Succeeded byWilliam George Eden