Rolling Hills, California
Official seal of Rolling Hills, California
Location of Rolling Hills in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Rolling Hills in Los Angeles County, California
Rolling Hills, California is located in the United States
Rolling Hills, California
Rolling Hills, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°45′34″N 118°20′30″W / 33.75944°N 118.34167°W / 33.75944; -118.34167
CountryUnited States
CountyLos Angeles
IncorporatedJanuary 24, 1957[1]
 • TypeCouncil-Manager[2]
 • MayorJames Black[3]
 • City ManagerElaine Jeng, P.E
 • Total2.99 sq mi (7.75 km2)
 • Land2.99 sq mi (7.75 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation1,276 ft (389 m)
 • Total1,739
 • Density580/sq mi (220/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
Area codes310/424
FIPS code06-62602
GNIS feature IDs1661325, 2410986

Rolling Hills is a city on the Palos Verdes Peninsula, in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Rolling Hills is a gated community with private roads with three entry gates. Homes are single-story 19th century California ranch or Spanish haciendas exemplified by architect Wallace Neff. Incorporated in 1957, Rolling Hills maintains a rural and equestrian character, with no traffic lights, multi-acre lots with ample space between homes, and wide equestrian paths along streets and property lines.[7]

Rolling Hills has the third highest median house value in the United States.[8][9] Homes are required to have white exterior paint.[7] Homeowners are also required to maintain horse property on their lots, or at minimum keep land where stalls could be built.[7] The community was developed by A. E. Hanson, who also developed Hidden Hills.[10]

Residents work, shop, attend school, and obtain other services in the other towns on the Palos Verdes Peninsula as the only commercially zoned land within the city is occupied by the Rolling Hills City Hall, Rolling Hills Community Association, and LA County Fire Department Station 56. As of the 2020 census, the city population was 1,739, down from 1,860 at the 2010 census.


Manuel Domínguez, a signer of the Californian Constitution and owner of Rancho San Pedro, which included all of Palos Verdes.
In 1846, Rancho de los Palos Verdes was separated from Rancho San Pedro and granted to José Loreto Sepúlveda (shown) and Juan Capistrano Sepúlveda.

The city borders Rolling Hills Estates to the north and Rancho Palos Verdes on all other sides (including the empty Portuguese Bend landslide area to the south).

Rolling Hills is located at 33°45′34″N 118°20′30″W / 33.75944°N 118.34167°W / 33.75944; -118.34167 (33.759350, −118.341550).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all land.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

At the 2000 census, Rolling Hills was the 21st richest place in the United States (based upon per capita income), and 4th richest for places with a population of at least 1,000.


At the 2010 census Rolling Hills had a population of 1,860. The population density was 622.0 inhabitants per square mile (240.2/km2). The racial makeup of Rolling Hills was 1,437 (77.3%) White (74.1% Non-Hispanic White),[13] 29 (1.6%) African American, 5 (0.3%) Native American, 303 (16.3%) Asian, 2 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 24 (1.3%) from other races, and 60 (3.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 102 people (5.5%).[14]

The whole population lived in households, no one lived in non-institutionalized group quarters and no one was institutionalized.

There were 663 households, 199 (30.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 491 (74.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 27 (4.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 21 (3.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 11 (1.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 9 (1.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 98 households (14.8%) were one person and 66 (10.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.81. There were 539 families (81.3% of households); the average family size was 3.08.

The age distribution was 404 people (21.7%) under the age of 18, 109 people (5.9%) aged 18 to 24, 191 people (10.3%) aged 25 to 44, 643 people (34.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 513 people (27.6%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 51.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

There were 663 occupied housing units at an average density of 239.4 per square mile (92.4/km2), of which 635 were owner-occupied, and 28 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.4%. 1,778 people (95.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 82 people (4.4%) lived in rental housing units.


At the 2000 census there were 1,871 people in 645 households, including 554 families, in the city. The population density was 607.7 inhabitants per square mile (234.6/km2). There were 682 housing units at an average density of 221.5 per square mile (85.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.8% White, 2.0% African American, 14.0% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.5%.[15]

Of the 645 households 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 80.6% were married couples living together, 3.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.1% were non-families. 12.4% of households were one person and 8.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.11.

The age distribution was 25.9% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 15.1% from 25 to 44, 32.8% from 45 to 64, and 22.1% 65 or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median household income was in excess of $200,000, as was the median family income. Males had a median income in excess of $100,000 versus $52,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $111,031. None of the families and 1.3% of the population were below the poverty line. No one under 18 or older than 65 was living below the poverty line.


The city is served by Palos Verdes Peninsula Unified School District. PVPUSD schools have constantly ranked among the best in California and the nation. Since 2013, the Washington Post has consistently recognized Palos Verdes Peninsula High School in the publication's list of "America's Most Challenging Schools" and once listed it as the 8th best public or private high school in the nation.[16] School data website, ranked Palos Verdes Peninsula High School #9 of California's best public high schools of 2016.[17] The prestigious Chadwick School is an independent 45 acre, K-12 private school that also serves the area. According to Business Insider, in 2014 named Chadwick as one of the top private high schools in America.[18]


In 2009, Rolling Hills had the third highest percentage of registered Republicans of any city in California, with 61.3% of its 1,441 registered voters registered as Republicans. 19.4% of voters were registered Democrats, and 16.3% "declined to state."[19]

As of February 10, 2021, there were 1,577 registered voters in Rolling Hills, California. Of these voters, 737 (46.73%) were registered with the Republican party, 388 (24.60%) were registered with the Democratic Party, 357 (22.64%) were not affiliated with a political party, and 95 (6.02%) were registered with a third party. According to that same report, Rolling Hills is one of only ten incorporated municipalities in Los Angeles County that has more registered Republicans than registered Democrats, out of 87 total.[20]

Rolling Hills has voted for the Republican candidate in every presidential and gubernatorial election since its incorporation, often by large margins. In 2016, Los Angeles County gave Donald Trump roughly 21% of the vote, and Rolling Hills was one of only five cities in Los Angeles County that was carried by Trump.[21] In 2020, the city supported Trump's re-election bid by a margin of 11.84%. This was the lowest margin of victory for a Republican presidential candidate since Rolling Hills's formal incorporation as a city.


Rolling Hills was incorporated in 1957. It has a council-manager form of government. The city council consists of five members, one of whom is appointed mayor on an annual basis.[3]

State and federal representation

In the California State Legislature, Rolling Hills is in the 26th Senate District, represented by Democrat María Elena Durazo, and in the 66th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Al Muratsuchi.[22]

In the United States House of Representatives, Rolling Hills is in California's 33rd congressional district, represented by Democrat Pete Aguilar.[23]


The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Lomita Station in Lomita, serving Rolling Hills.[24]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Torrance Health Center in Harbor Gateway, Los Angeles, near Torrance and serving Rolling Hills.[25]

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "City Manager". City of Rolling Hills. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  3. ^ a b "City Council". Rolling Hills, CA. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  4. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "Rolling Hills". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
  6. ^ "Census Data: Rolling Hills (city)". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2021.
  7. ^ a b c "History of Palos Verdes Real Estate in Rolling Hills". Retrieved March 25, 2015.
  8. ^ "Top 100 cities with highest median house value". Retrieved March 25, 2015.
  9. ^ Slater, Eric (June 13, 1996). "Rolling Hills Named Richest in Nation". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  10. ^ Becker, Maki (November 1, 1996). "The founder of Rolling Hills wanted to..." Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". US Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". US Census Bureau, US Dept. of Commerce. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
  14. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Rolling Hills city". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ "Palos Verdes Peninsula High School Ranking". Washington Post.
  17. ^ "California's Best Public High Schools 2016".
  18. ^ "Best Private High Schools in America 2014". Business Insider.
  19. ^ "Registration by Political Subdivision by County" (PDF). California Secretary of State. May 4, 2009. pp. 103–190. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 29, 2012. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  20. ^ [bare URL PDF]
  21. ^ "Election data" (PDF). Retrieved August 8, 2020.
  22. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  23. ^ "California's 33rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  24. ^ "Lomita Station Archived January 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  25. ^ "LA County Department of Public Health" (PDF). Retrieved May 16, 2024.
  26. ^ "Tracy Austin: 'I had won four Porsches by the age of 18’". The Telegraph. June 29, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2024.
  27. ^ Armstrong, Kevin; Mehta, Manish (September 20, 2011). "Nick Mangold out two-to-three weeks with high ankle sprain, Jets turn to reserve center Colin Baxter". Daily News. New York. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
  28. ^ Foss, Richard (April 30, 2012). "Castle Rock Winery Partners – A remote peninsula winery". Easy Reader News. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  29. ^ "Frank Robinson".
  30. ^ "John Tu". Forbes.