Archdiocese of Cincinnati
|Territory||Southwestern and Western Ohio, including the cities of Cincinnati, Dayton, Springfield, and Hamilton|
|Area||8,543 sq mi (22,130 km2)|
- Catholics (including non-members)
|(as of 2013)|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||June 19, 1821 (200 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Cathedral Basilica of Saint Peter in Chains|
|Patron saint||St. Francis de Sales|
|Archbishop||Dennis Marion Schnurr|
|Bishops emeritus||Joseph R. Binzer|
The Archdiocese of Cincinnati (Latin: Archidiœcesis Cincinnatensis) is a Latin Church ecclesiastical jurisdiction or archdiocese that covers the southwest region of the U.S. state of Ohio, including the greater Cincinnati and Dayton metropolitan areas. The Archbishop of Cincinnati is Most Rev. Dennis Marion Schnurr. The Archdiocese of Cincinnati is the metropolitan see of its province, with five suffragan dioceses.
In total, the Archdiocese of Cincinnati encompasses 230 parishes in 19 counties, as of 2005[update], with the total membership of baptized Catholics around 500,000. The Archdiocese administers 110 associated parochial schools and diocesan elementary schools. The mother church is the Cathedral Basilica of St. Peter in Chains, located at the corner of 8th and Plum Streets in Downtown Cincinnati.
Cincinnati is the metropolis of the Ecclesiastical Province of Cincinnati, which encompasses the entire state of Ohio and is composed of the Archdiocese and its five suffragan dioceses: Cleveland, Columbus, Steubenville, Toledo, and Youngstown.
The Archdiocese of Cincinnati is bordered by the Diocese of Toledo to the north, the Diocese of Columbus to the east, the Diocese of Covington to the south, and the Archdiocese of Indianapolis and Diocese of Lafayette to the west.
Pope Pius VII erected the Diocese of Cincinnati on 19 June 1821, in territory taken from the Diocese of Bardstown. The diocese originally included the entire state of Ohio as well as the Michigan Territory. At the time, it included several thousand Native American Catholics as well as European settlers.
The diocese lost territory on 8 March 1833, when Pope Gregory XVI erected the Diocese of Detroit and again on 23 April 1847, when Pope Pius IX erected the Diocese of Cleveland.
On July 19, 1850, Pope Pius IX elevated the diocese to an Archdiocese and on March 3, 1868, he took territory to erect the Diocese of Columbus. Finally, in 1945, nine counties on the eastern edge of the Archdiocese were annexed to the Diocese of Columbus, resulting in the Archdiocese's current geographic boundaries.
Cincinnati's first church, named Christ Church, was organized in 1819, just beyond the city boundaries. Soon additional parishes were formed in Dayton, Hamilton, and St. Martin, Brown County.
As the number of German Catholic immigrants increased, Holy Trinity Church was formed in Cincinnati, the first Catholic parish for Germans west of the Allegheny Mountains. By the mid-nineteenth century, a system of national parishes, especially evident in Cincinnati and Dayton, took shape, providing separate churches for Italian, Hungarian, Polish, Lithuanian and Syrian Catholics.
Ethnic-specific parishes continued to be formed until World War I when Archbishop Moeller successfully petitioned Rome for an end to national parishes and permission to formulate parish boundaries.
The Archdiocese of Cincinnati has been served by numerous women's religious orders, including the Sisters of Charity, Precious Blood Sisters, Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur, Sisters of Mercy, Little Sisters of the Poor, Ursulines, and Sisters of St. Joseph. The congregations and orders of male religious in the Archdiocese include the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans), Society of Jesus (Jesuits), Missionaries of the Precious Blood, Society of Mary (Marianists), Comboni Missionaries, Glenmary Home Missioners, and Holy Ghost Fathers (Spiritans). Members of these communities staff schools and parishes and serve in a variety of social service roles.
Many of the religious communities in the Archdiocese owe their presence in part to Sarah Worthington King Peter, a prominent Catholic convert and philanthropist, who in the mid-nineteenth century helped finance the relocation of sisters from Europe to Cincinnati.
In November 2003, following a sexual abuse scandal and two-year investigation by the Hamilton County prosecutor's office, Archbishop Daniel Pilarczyk entered a plea of nolo contendere regarding five misdemeanor charges of failure to report allegations of child molestation. The court rendered no criminal judgment on the allegations themselves, only on the diocese's failure to report the allegations. The Archdiocese of Cincinnati was also fined $10,000 after being found guilty of failing to report sexually abusive priests in the 1970s and 1980s.
In August 2019, it was announced that Auxiliary Bishop Joseph R. Binzer, the Archdiocese's Vicar General who was blamed for failing to inform the Archbishop of Cincinnati about a series of allegations that a priest had engaged in inappropriate behavior with teenage boys was removed from his position as head of priest personnel, while the archdiocese begins its own investigation. Geoff Drew, the priest who Binzer had protected, had previously faced allegations in other parishes. On August 19, 2019, local authorities arrested Drew and charged him with nine counts of sex abuse. In May 2020, the Vatican accepted Binzer's resignation as auxiliary bishop.
The following men began their service as priests in Cincinnati before being appointed bishops elsewhere (years in parentheses refer to their years in Cincinnati):
Srs. of Notre Dame
|DePaul Cristo Rey||Co-ed||Cincinnati||Srs. of Charity|
|Mount Notre Dame||Female||Cincinnati||Interparochial|
|St. Ursula Academy||Female||Cincinnati||Independent (Ursulines)|
|Summit Country Day||Co-ed||Cincinnati||Independent|
The Archdiocese of Cincinnati operates a large school system that is especially well-attended in the Cincinnati area. As of 2011, 43,641 students enroll in the Archdiocese's 115 schools, making it the sixth largest Catholic school system in the United States. In Hamilton County, where most private schools are run by the Archdiocese, nearly a quarter of students (36,684 as of 2007) attend private schools, a rate only second to St. Louis County, Missouri.
The 23 Catholic high schools in the region operate under varying degrees of archdiocesan control. Several are owned and operated by the Archdiocese, while other interparochial schools are run by groups of parishes under archdiocesan supervision. Most of the interparochial and non-archdiocesan high schools are operated by religious institutes (as noted in the adjacent table). Most of the schools' athletic teams belong to the Greater Catholic League, which consists of a co-ed division, the Girls Greater Cincinnati League, and a division for all-male schools.
The Archdiocese also includes 92 parochial and diocesan elementary schools, with a combined enrollment of 30,312, as of 2011 (ACE Consulting 2011, p. 91) harv error: no target: CITEREFACE_Consulting2011 (help). These schools can be found in the urban and suburban areas of Cincinnati and Dayton, as well as some of the smaller towns within the Archdiocesan boundaries. Each parochial school is owned and operated by its parish, rather than by the Archdiocese's Catholic Schools Office. However, in March 2011, the Archdiocese announced its intention of eventually unifying the schools under one school system. As of 2015[update], the interim Superintendent of Catholic Schools is Susie Gibbons.
Five of the high schools are named after former archbishops of the diocese. A parochial elementary school in Dayton is also named after Archbishop Liebold.
The Archdiocese sponsors the Athenaeum of Ohio – Mount St. Mary's Seminary of the West seminary in the Mount Washington neighborhood of Cincinnati.
The Archdiocese publishes a monthly magazine, The Catholic Telegraph. It began publishing as a weekly newspaper in 1831, making it the first diocesan newspaper and second oldest Catholic newspaper in the United States, and converted to magazine format in 2020. Its defunct sister newspaper, Der Wahrheitsfreund, was the first German Catholic newspaper in the country.
The national magazine St. Anthony Messenger is published in Cincinnati by the Franciscan Friars with the archdiocese's ecclesiastical approval.
Several area Catholic radio stations, owned by separate entities, serve the Archdiocese:
Other stations reach into portions of the Archdiocese:
Schools: 113 schools with 43,641 students enrolled last year. Cincinnati region includes 17 high schools, 66 elementary schools and one K-12 specialty school.
ACE Consulting counts 114 schools, which includes Catholic Central School's two campuses but not DePaul Cristo Rey High School, which opened shortly before publication.
On Tuesday, school officials will announce Royalmont's addition of grades 9-12 in the 2014-15 school year.
With the exception of St. Rita School for the Deaf, which is controlled by an independent board, there are three kinds of Catholic high schools in the Archdiocese of Cincinnati...
Even so, Cincinnati's archdiocese still boasts the nation's eighth largest Catholic school system, with more than 43,600 students.
The Cincinnati Archdiocese has for the first time in its 189-year history taken steps to unify its system of Catholic schools under one vision and operation, archdiocesan leaders said Wednesday.