Roosevelt
 
1200S
1E/1W

Roosevelt
 
50E
1200S
Chicago "L" rapid transit station
Roosevelt/State's Red Line subway platform
Location1167 South State Street
Chicago, Illinois 60605
Coordinates41°52′03″N 87°37′36″W / 41.86750°N 87.62667°W / 41.86750; -87.62667Coordinates: 41°52′03″N 87°37′36″W / 41.86750°N 87.62667°W / 41.86750; -87.62667
Owned byCity of Chicago
Line(s)State Street subway
South Side Elevated
Platforms2 Island platforms (1 Subway, 1 Elevated)
Tracks4 (2 Subway, 2 Elevated)
Construction
Structure typeElevated (Orange and Green lines)
Subway (Red Line)
Bicycle facilitiesYes
Disabled accessYes
History
OpenedJune 6, 1892 (elevated)
October 17, 1943 (subway)
ClosedAugust 1, 1949 – Nov. 1, 1993 (elevated)
RebuiltElevated: 1993
Subway: 1996
Passengers
20201,313,925[1]Decrease 62.1%
Rank6 out of 143
Services
Preceding station Chicago "L" Following station
Harrison
toward Howard
Red Line Cermak–Chinatown
Halsted
toward Midway Pictograms-nps-airport.svg
Orange Line Harold Washington Library – State/Van Buren
Loop-bound terminus
Adams/Wabash
One-way operation
Adams/Wabash Green Line Cermak–McCormick Place
Former services
Preceding station Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad Following station
Congress/Wabash
Closed 1949
toward Milwaukee
North Shore Line Terminus
Congress Terminal
Closed 1963
Terminus
Preceding station Chicago "L" Following station
Congress/Wabash
Closed 1949
South Side Elevated 18th Street
Closed 1949
toward 58th
Congress Terminal
Closed 1949
Terminus

Roosevelt is an "L" station on the CTA's Red, Green, and Orange Lines, located between the Chicago Loop and the Near South Side in Chicago, Illinois. It is situated at 1167 S State Street, just north of Roosevelt Road. The station is also the closest "L" station to the Museum Campus of Chicago and Soldier Field, which are about 12 mile (800 m) to the east. The Museum Campus/11th Street Metra station is also about 13 mile (500 m) to the east.

History and description

Elevated station

Roosevelt/Wabash elevated platform
Roosevelt/Wabash elevated platform

An elevated station at Roosevelt Road opened on June 6, 1892, as part of the Chicago and South Side Rapid Transit Railroad, the first elevated rapid transit line in Chicago.[2] From 1919 to 1963 interurban trains of the North Shore Line also used the station. "L" service through the station was discontinued in 1949 when CTA routed all trains from the Englewood and Jackson Park branches through the State Street subway, using the 13th Street portal, forming the North-South Route (a precursor of today's Red Line), and following the bankruptcy of the North Shore Line in 1963 the station was closed completely and demolished. "L" service resumed passing the site of the original station in 1969 when the CTA began to route Dan Ryan trains into the Loop and a new elevated station was constructed in 1993 as part of the construction of the Orange Line.

Immediately south of the station exists a pocket track, which is used to turn trains back to the Loop if any activity, such as construction, is obstructing rail traffic.

Subway station

The subway station at Roosevelt Road opened on October 17, 1943, as part of the State Street subway.[3] In 1993, when the new elevated station was constructed it was intended that there should be a direct link to the subway, however, due to lack of money this was not initially built. In 2002, the stations were finally linked as a single facility through the Roosevelt transfer tunnel.

Operations as a terminus

The subway station and elevated station have been used as termini, albeit both on very rare occasions. The elevated station has a reversing track located immediately south of the platform, used only when there is an obstruction between Roosevelt and 35th-Bronzeville-IIT and/or Halsted. The subway station last functioned as a terminus during Ravenswood Connector construction, when Brown Line trains were rerouted via the State Street subway to Roosevelt. If there is a service obstruction on the Red Line between Cermak-Chinatown and Roosevelt, trains are rerouted via the 13th Street Ramp to the Green Line, therefore negating the need for the station to be a terminus.

Bus connections

CTA[4]

Notes and references

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Annual Ridership Report – Calendar Year 2020" (PDF). Chicago Transit Authority, Ridership Analysis and Reporting. January 19, 2021. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  2. ^ "Running on the "L."". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 7, 1892. p. 9.
  3. ^ Shinnick, William (October 17, 1943). "Chicago Underground—A Subway at Last!". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. C1.
  4. ^ "Roosevelt". Chicago Transit Authority. Retrieved October 11, 2012.