Rothbury
Rothburycentre2.jpg

Rothbury town centre
Looking east along Town Foot, Rothbury - geograph.org.uk - 1382820.jpg

Looking east along Town Foot
Rothbury is located in Northumberland
Rothbury
Rothbury
Location within Northumberland
Population2,107 (2011)
OS grid referenceNU056017
Civil parish
  • Rothbury
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMORPETH
Postcode districtNE65
Dialling code01669
PoliceNorthumbria
FireNorthumberland
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Northumberland
55°18′35″N 1°54′39″W / 55.3097°N 1.9109°W / 55.3097; -1.9109Coordinates: 55°18′35″N 1°54′39″W / 55.3097°N 1.9109°W / 55.3097; -1.9109

Rothbury is a market town and civil parish in Northumberland, England, on the River Coquet. It is 13.5 miles (21.7 km) northwest of Morpeth and 26 miles (42 km) of Newcastle upon Tyne. At the 2001 Census, it had a population of 2,107.[1]

Rothbury emerged as an important town because of its location at a crossroads over a ford on the River Coquet. Turnpike roads leading to Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Alnwick, Hexham and Morpeth allowed for an influx of families and the enlargement of the settlement during the Middle Ages. In 1291, Rothbury was chartered as a market town and became a centre for dealing in cattle and wool for the surrounding villages during the Early Modern Era. Later, Rothbury developed extensively in the Victorian era, due in large part to the railway and the industrialist Sir William Armstrong. Between 1862 and 1865, Armstrong built Cragside, a country house and "shooting box" (hunting lodge) just outside Rothbury, and extended it as a "fairy palace" between 1869 and 1900. The house and its estate are now owned by the National Trust and are open to the public, attracting many visitors to the area.

Today, Rothbury is widely used for retirement and tourism; it is a staging point for recreational walking in the nearby Simonside Hills as well as the rest of the Northumberland National Park. Other attractions for tourists include the town's independent (non chain) shops.

History

Further information: History of Northumberland

Prehistory and Ancient (Pre-500)

The area around Rothbury was populated during the prehistoric period, as evidenced by finds dating from the Mesolithic period and later, although all the known finds are from beyond the outer edges of the modern town.[2] Sites include a cairnfield, standing stone and cup-marked rock on Debdon Moor to the north of the town, a well-preserved circular cairn some 26 feet (8 m) in diameter,[3] a late Neolithic or Bronze Age standing stone,[3] and an extensive hillfort, covering an area 165 by 125 metres (541 by 410 ft) and associated cairnfield to the west of the town.[4] No evidence of the Roman period has been found, probably because the town was a considerable distance north beyond Hadrian's Wall.[5]

Saxons (500–1066)

Fragments from an Anglo-Saxon cross, possibly dating from the 9th century, are the only surviving relics pre-dating the Norman conquest. They were discovered in 1849, when part of the church was demolished, and in 1856. They are now in the town church and the University of Newcastle Museum.[2]

Medieval (1066–1465)

The first documentary mention of Rothbury, according to a local history,[6] was in around the year 1100, as Routhebiria, or "Routha's town" ("Hrotha", according to Beckensall).[7] The village was retained as a Crown possession after the conquest,[2] but in 1201 King John signed the Rothbury Town Charter and visited Rothbury four years later,[8] when the rights and privileges of the manor of Rothbury were given to Robert Fitz Roger, the baron of Warkworth.[2] Edward I visited the town in 1291, when Fitz Roger obtained a charter to authorise the holding of a market every Thursday, and a three-day annual fair near St Matthew's Day, celebrated on 21 September.[6]

Rothbury was not particularly significant at the time, with records from 1310 showing that it consisted of a house, a garden, a bakehouse and a watermill, all of which were leased to tenants. When the line of Fitz Roger died out, the town reverted to being a crown possession, but in 1334 Edward III gave it to Henry de Percy, who had been given the castle and baronry of Warkworth six years earlier. Despite the Scottish border wars, Rothbury rose in prosperity during the 14th century, and had become the town with the highest parochial value in Northumberland by 1535. Feuds still dominated local affairs, resulting in some parishioners failing to attend church because of them in the 16th century, and at other times, gathering in armed groups in separate parts of the building.[2]

Rothbury became a relatively important town in Coquetdale, being a crossroads situated on a ford of the River Coquet, with turnpike roads leading to Newcastle upon Tyne, Alnwick, Hexham and Morpeth. After it was chartered as a market town in 1291, it became a centre for dealing in cattle and wool for the surrounding villages. A market cross was erected in 1722, but demolished in 1827. In the 1760s, according to Bishop Pococke, Rothbury also had a small craft industry, including hatters. At that time, the parish church's vicarage and living was in the gift of the Bishop of Carlisle, and worth £500 per year.[8]

Tudors and Stuarts (1465–1714)

Bernard Gilpin and the Border Reivers

Further information: Bernard Gilpin

Bernard Gilpin making Peace among the Borders by taking down the Glove in Rothbury Church, painting by artist William Bell Scott (1811-1890) and housed at Wallington Hall, one of a series of eight oil paintings illustrating the history of the English Border
Bernard Gilpin making Peace among the Borders by taking down the Glove in Rothbury Church, painting by artist William Bell Scott (1811-1890) and housed at Wallington Hall, one of a series of eight oil paintings illustrating the history of the English Border

Rothbury has had a turbulent and bloody history. In the 15th and 16th centuries the Coquet valley was a pillaging ground for bands of Reivers who attacked and burned the town with terrifying frequency. Hill farming has been a mainstay of the local economy for many generations. Names such as Armstrong, Charleton and Robson remain well represented in the farming community. Their forebears, members of the reiver 'clans', were in constant conflict with their Scots counterpart. The many fortified farms, known as bastle houses, are reminders of troubled times which lasted until the unification of the kingdoms of England and Scotland in 1603.

The theologian Bernard Gilpin, known as the 'Apostle of the North' for his work in northern England during this period, visited Rothbury. While he preached a sermon, two rival gangs were threatening each other; realising they might start fighting, Gilpin stood between them asking them to reconcile - they agreed as long as Gilpin stayed in their presence. On another occasion, Gilpin observed a glove hanging in the church and asked the sexton about it. He was told it was a challenge to anyone who removed it. Gilpin thus took the glove and put it in his pocket and carried on with his sermon, and no-one challenged him.[8][9][6] A painting of this incident by artist William Bell Scott is housed at Wallington Hall.

Georgians (1714–1837)

Near the town's All Saints' Parish Church stands the doorway and site of the 17th-century Three Half Moons Inn, where the Jacobite rebel James Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater stayed with his followers in 1715 prior to marching into a heavy defeat at the Battle of Preston in 1715.[8]

On 16 June 1782, Methodist theologian John Wesley preached in Rothbury.[8]

Victorians (1837–1901)

Cragside described by the Victorian periodical The World as "Truly the palace of a modern magician [10]

Cragside

Main article: Cragside

Although Rothbury is of ancient origin, it mainly developed during the Victorian era. A factor in this development was industrialist Sir William Armstrong, later Lord Armstrong of Cragside, who built the country house, and "shooting box" (hunting lodge), of Cragside, between 1862 and 1865, then extended it as a "fairy palace" between 1869 and 1900. The house and its estate are now in the possession of the National Trust and are open to the public.

In 1884 the then Prince of Wales, Edward VII and his wife Alexandra, visited Rothbury in order to see Cragside and Lord Armstrong
In 1884 the then Prince of Wales, Edward VII and his wife Alexandra, visited Rothbury in order to see Cragside and Lord Armstrong

1884 royal visit

Another factor in Rothbury's Victorian development was the arrival of the railway. Rothbury Station opened in 1870, bringing tourists on walking holidays to the surrounding hill country. This railway was most notably used by the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII) and Princess Alexandra and their children (Albert Victor, 10, George later George V, 9, Louise, 7, Victoria, 6, Maud, 4), They arrived in Rothbury on 19 August 1884 and left on 22 August in order to visit Cragside and Lord Armstrong. Firework displays were held by Pain's of London.[8]

David Dippie Dixon

David Dippie Dixon was a historian from Rothbury. He previously worked in his father's draper's shop, William Dixon and Sons, set up in Coquetdale House (now the Co-op). After William Dixon died, David Dippie Dixon and his brother John Turnbull Dixon renamed the shop Dixon Bros.[8]

21st century

2006 royal visit

Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, visited Rothbury on the 9th November 2006, with his wife Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall
Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, visited Rothbury on the 9th November 2006, with his wife Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall

On 9 November 2006, Rothbury was visited by another Prince of Wales, Edward VIII's 2nd Great Grandson, Prince Charles, visited with his wife Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall. Prince Charles visited to reopen the refurbished Rothbury village hall, Jubilee Hall, originally built in 1897 and named after the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria, his 3rd Great Grandmother.[11][12][13] The royal couple also visited Rothbury Family Butchers, whose owner, Morris Adamson, said: [14]

“I talked to them for about 20 minutes about the business. It was almost surreal, staggering. They were both very well informed about the trade, and the Duchess really impressed me with her knowledge and enthusiasm. I put together for them a gift of Northumbrian lamb and specialist sausages and two days later they sent me a thank you letter from Clarence House saying how much they had enjoyed the visit and the meat. The Duchess told me in the shop that her son (Tom) was a food critic and she said she would recommend he should come up to see us in Rothbury to sample our speciality sausages. And Prince Charles congratulated us on keeping alive the traditions of the trade and providing meat that was sourced locally. He urged us to keep up the good work. It was amazing, really.”

Governance

Politics

Parish council

The Parish Council meets on the second Wednesday of each month (apart from August) with meetings commencing at 7 pm in the Dovecote Room, Jubilee Institute.[15]

County Council

Rothbury is served by the Northumberland County Council and represented by Councillor Steven Bridgett, first elected in 2008 as a Liberal Democrat and re-elected in 2013, 2017 and 2021 as an Independent.[16]

Parliament

Alan Beith (Liberal Democrats 1988 - present, Liberal Party before 1988) Rothbury's MP from 1973 to 2015
Anne-Marie Trevelyan (Conservative) Rothbury's MP since 2015

Rothbury is in the parliamentary constituency of Berwick-upon-Tweed. The current representative is Anne-Marie Trevelyan of the Conservatives, who has been the local MP since 2015.  

From 1973 until 2015, Rothbury's MP was Alan Beith, a member of the Liberal Democrats since 1988 and the Liberal Party prior to its merger with the Social Democratic Party; he is currently a member of the House of Lords.

European Union

Prior to Britain's withdrawal from the European Union, Rothbury was in the European Parliament constituency of North East England, represented predominantly by the Labour party.

Public services

Police

Rothbury is served by Northumbria Police and has a single police station, housed, since May 2019, in a building owned by the Northumberland National Park.[17]

Fire

Rothbury has a fire station. The fire station is staffed by on-call firefighters: they do not work at the fire station full-time but are paid to spend time on call to respond to emergencies. The station has a four by four fire engine. The building and its facilities are shared with Sure Start.[18]

Anne-Marie Trevelyan (Conservative), Rothbury's Member of Parliament, condemning the closure to inpatients at the Rothbury Community Hospital in the House of Commons (9 March 2017)

Healthcare

Main article: Rothbury Community Hospital

Rothbury is served by a doctor's surgery[19] and a hospital, Rothbury Community Hospital. The original facility was built as a private home known as Coquet House in 1872. It was converted into the Coquetdale Cottage Hospital in 1905. A maternity ward was added, as a lasting memorial to soldiers who died in the Second World War in 1946. It joined the National Health Service in 1948 and the adjoining Hawthorn Cottage was acquired in 1956. After Hawthorn Cottage had been converted into a physiotherapy department, it was officially re-opened by Jimmy Savile in 1990. After the old hospital became dilapidated, modern facilities were built in Whitton Bank Road and opened in 2007, by local GP, Dr. Angus Armstrong, and his son, TV presenter, Alexander Armstrong. The new hospital closed to inpatients in September 2016 and in June 2019 the trust advised that a group was working on proposals for the future of remaining services at the hospital. The closure caused controversy and a local protest was established called Save Rothbury Cottage Hospital. Rothbury's (Conservative) MP, Anne-Marie Trevelyan condemned the closure to inpatients in Parliament on 9 March 2017.

Geography

Rothbury is located in Northumberland, England, on the River Coquet, it is 13.5 miles (21.7 km) northwest of Morpeth and 26 miles (42 km) of Newcastle upon Tyne. It is located on the edge of the Northumberland National Park.[20] Rothbury has two Zone 6 B roads going through it: West to East is the B6341, Rothbury's main street, Front Street, is part of this B road;[21] The second B road is the B6342, its starting point is in Rothbury, and is connected to the B6341, it is part of Rothbury's Bridge Street before going over the River Coquet on the Rothbury Bridge and going South for 23.4 miles (37.7 km) connecting to the A68 (Dere Street) at the hamlet of Colwell.[22] Rothbury also has the B6344 on the eastern edge, it is connected to the B6341 and goes southeast for 5.6 miles (9.0 km) passing through the hamlet of Pauperhaugh and connecting to the A697 at the hamlet of Weldon Bridge.[23]

Demography

Ethnicity

Ethnic Group 2011 [24]
Number %
White: Total 2086 99.0
White: English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British 2068 98.1
White: Irish 4 0.2
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 1 0.0
White: Other white 13 0.6
Asian or Asian British: Total 9 0.4
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 7 0.3
Asian or Asian British: Indian 1 0.0
Asian or Asian British: Asian Other 1 0.0
Black or Black British 3 0.1
Other 1 0.0
Total 2107 100.0

Note: An ethnic group that is not on the table means that no one from

that ethnic group was recorded being present in Rothbury at the

time of the census.

Religion

Religion 2011 [24]
Number %
All usual residents 2,107 100.0
Has religion 1,480 70.2
Christian 1,466 69.6
Buddhist 2 0.1
Muslim 2 0.1
Other religion 10 0.5
No religion 477 22.6
Religion not stated 150 7.1

Note: A religion that is not on the table means

that no practitioner of that religion was recorded

being present in Rothbury at the time of the census.

Landmarks

All Saints' Church incorporates materials from an ancient Anglo-Saxon place of worship

Rothbury's Anglican parish church building – All Saints' Church – dates from circa 1850, largely replacing but in parts incorporating the fabric of a former Saxon edifice, including the chancel, the east wall of the south transept and the chancel arch. The church has a font with a stem or pedestal using a section of the Anglo-Saxon cross shaft, showing what is reputed to be the earliest carved representation in Great Britain of the Ascension of Christ.[25]

The Anglo-Saxon cross is not to be confused with the market cross near the church, the current version of which was erected in 1902 and is known as "St Armstrong's Cross" as it was paid for by Lady Armstrong, widow of Lord Armstrong of Cragside.[26] Until 1965, Rothbury was the location of a racecourse, which had operated intermittently since April 1759, but seldom staged more than one meeting per year. The course was affected by flooding in the 1960s, and the last meeting was on 10 April 1965. The site is now used by Rothbury Golf Club.[27]

Half a mile to the south, Whitton Tower is an exceptionally well-preserved 14th-century pele tower.[28]

Lordenshaw Hill has the largest concentration of rock carvings in Northumberland. Over 100 panels have been recorded on the hill, the adjacent Whitton Burn and Garleigh Moor, in an area which covers less than 620 acres. The carved panels range from single cup-marked boulders to complex panels. There are many other interesting archaeological sites in this area, including a ditched Iron Age enclosure and an Early Bronze Age cairn.[29]

Transport

Former railway station

Rothbury station (1953)
Rothbury station (1953)

The town was the terminus of a branch line from Scotsgap railway station on the North British Railway line from Morpeth to Reedsmouth. The line opened on 1 November 1870, the last passenger trains ran on 15 September 1952 and the line closed completely on 9 November 1963. Rothbury station was located to the south of the River Coquet, and the site has been reused as an industrial estate, where the only obvious remains are one wall of the engine shed, which has become part of an engineering workshop.[30] The old Station Hotel still stands near the site, but is now known as The Coquetvale Hotel. It was built in the 1870s by William Armstrong, as a suitable place for visitors to his house at Cragside to be accommodated.[31]

Bus services

The town is now served by an Arriva North East bus service which runs via Longframlington, Longhorsley, Morpeth and continues to Newcastle upon Tyne, the nearest city. PCL Travel, a local bus company, operates infrequent services to Alnwick. It also runs services roughly three times a day to Morpeth via Longframlington and Longhorsley.

Education

Rothbury has two schools:

Rothbury is in the catchment area for The King Edward VI School, Morpeth, also run by The Three Rivers Learning Trust.

Culture and community

Music

Rothbury Traditional Music Festival

External video
video icon Alexander Armstong announcing the 2021 Rothbury Traditional Music Festival from a erupting Icelandic volcano
video icon Martin Carthy performing at the Rothbury Traditional Music Festival (2021)

Rothbury holds the annual Rothbury Traditional Music Festival. It consists music concerts as well as competitions within the genre of folk music, mainly being that of traditional Northumberland folk music, .[38] In 2013, the festival was featured on Northumberland born TV Presenter and actor Robson Green's documentary series Tales from Northumberland with Robson Green (Season one, Episode five).[39] In 2019, TV presenter and singerAlexander Armstrong, who was born in Rothbury, was made patron of the festival,[40] in 2021 Armstrong announced the return of the Music Festival from an erupting Icelandic volcano in a video posted on the Facebook page of the Festival after it was cancelled in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[41] Notable music acts that have performed at the festival include:

2015:[42]

2019:[43][44]

2021:[45]

Rothbury Hills

Rothbury has a tune about it called "Rothbury Hills," written by Jack Armstrong in 1944.[46] It has been performed by Kathryn Tickell on her 2009 album "Northumberland Collection",[47] and Alexander Armstrong wrote and sang some lyrics to it on his 2015 album "A Year of Songs".[48]

Mackenzie tartan, the pattern is used for the kilts of the Rothbury Highland Pipe Band
Mackenzie tartan, the pattern is used for the kilts of the Rothbury Highland Pipe Band

Rothbury Highland Pipe Band

External video
video icon Rothbury Highland Pipe Band performing at the Rothbury Traditional Music Festival (2014)

Rothbury has its own pipe band, called the Rothbury Highland Pipe Band. The band was established on the 1st June 1920, then being named the Rothbury Kilted Pipe Band. The tartan chosen for their kilts was taken from the army regiment the Seaforth Highlanders, as during World War One some of their soldiers were stationed in Coquetdale and developed friendships with the local people. They reformed in the 1950s, being renamed the Rothbury Highland Pipe Band. The band has appeared on the TV show The White Heather Club. [49][50][51]

Football

Rothbury has its own football club: Rothbury FC; the club is in Division One of the Northern Football Alliance, which is on level 11 of the National League System.[52][53]

29 August 2018 Team Valley Carpets 2nd Division Rothbury FC 3–0 Burradon FC Rothbury
18:15 Report Stadium: Armstrong Park
Referee: William Elliott
25 August 2018 Team Valley Carpets 2nd Division Wideopen And District 2–7 Rothbury FC Newcastle upon Tyne
14:30 Report Stadium: Lockey Park
Referee: Leeroy Odd
22 August 2018 Team Valley Carpets 2nd Division Ellington FC 0–2 Rothbury FC Ashington
18:15 Report Stadium: Hirst Welfare
Referee: Derek Thompson
18 August 2018 Team Valley Carpets 2nd Division Rothbury FC 4–1 Coundon & Leeholme FC Rothbury
18:30 Report Stadium: Armstrong Park
Referee: William Elliott
15 August 2018 Team Valley Carpets 2nd Division Rothbury FC 2–1 Spittal Rovers Rothbury
18:30 Report Stadium: Armstrong Park
Referee: Peter Holleran
11 August 2018 Team Valley Carpets 2nd Division Blyth FC 4–2 Rothbury FC Blyth
18:30 Report Stadium: Cowpen Park
Referee: Peter Holleran
1 May 2019 Team Valley Carpets 2nd Division Rothbury FC 2–2 Coundon & Leeholme FC Rothbury
18:30 Report Stadium: Armstrong Park
Referee: John Davison
4 May 2019 Team Valley Carpets 2nd Division Rothbury FC 1–2 Whitburn & Cleadon FC Rothbury
14:30 Report Stadium: Armstrong Park
Referee: Keith Scoffham
8 May 2019 Team Valley Carpets 2nd Division Rothbury FC 3–0 Stobswood Welfare Rothbury
18:30 Report Stadium: Armstrong Park
Referee: Matthew Teasdale
19 December 2020 Northern Football Alliance Rothbury FC 1–0 Wallsend Boys Club Rothbury
  • Christopher Coe 31'
Report Stadium: Armstrong Park
TBD Northern Football Alliance Rothbury FC v Red Row Welfare F.C. TBD
Report
TBD Northern Football Alliance Rothbury FC v Whitley Bay Sporting Club TBD
Report
TBD Northern Football Alliance Rothbury FC v Bedlington FC TBD
Report
TBD Northern Football Alliance Rothbury FC v Prudhoe Youth Club FC TBD
Report
TBD Northern Football Alliance Rothbury FC v Felling Magpies TBD
Report
TBD Northern Football Alliance Rothbury FC v Cramlington United F.C. TBD
Report

Folklore

In Rothbury folklore Simonside Hills overlooking Rothbury has a mythical creature called a deaugar or duergar (Norse for 'dwarf'). It is said that the creature lures people at night by its lantern light towards bogs or cliffs in order to kill them.[54] The deaugar has entered into Rothbury's popular culture: in 2021 local musician and poet James Tait wrote a debut children's book called The World of Lightness: A Story of the Duergar of Simonside;[55][56] an annual 10-mile winter nighttime trail run in the Simonside Hills is called the Duergar Nightcrawler;[57] and a Rothbury art gallery is named Red Deaugar Art Gallery, run by local artist Margaret Bodley Edwards, a descendant of Gothic Revival architect George Frederick Bodley (1827–1907), and of diplomat and founder of the Bodleian Library in Oxford, Sir Thomas Bodley (1545–1613).[58]

Bedlington Terrier

The Bedlington Terrier was originally named after Rothbury and known as the Rothbury or Rodbury Terrier however the name changed due to popularity of the breed with miners in the Northumberland pit village of Bedlington.[59]

Crime

The following are notable crimes committed in or connected to Rothbury.

PC Francis Sinton who was attacked after successfully stopping the robbery of the Rothbury Brewery, he was awarded the Kings Police Medal for Gallantry for his efforts.
A Kings Police Medal for Gallantry, which PC Francis Sinton was awarded.

1919 Armed Robbery of Rothbury Brewery

Dubbed the crime a "Wild West Drama" by a newspaper, on the night of the 28 February, 1919, a attempted armed robbery took place at the Rothbury BreweryT two Russian sailors, Peter Klighe and Karl Strautin, broke into the Rothbury Brewery in order to rob it, however, at around 9:00 pm, patrol officer PC Francis Sinton was walking past the Brewery, and he approached it after hearing noises of breaking glass. As he did so he told a passer-by named James Curry to fetch the manager, Mr Farndale. As PC Sinton approached the brewery one of the two men appeared from it and shot at Sinton, missing him only slightly, and the two began to tussle as the second man appeared from the brewery and smashed Sinton's head with an iron bar. Curry and Farndale arrived finding PC Sinton laying on the ground, Farnsdale struggled with one of the assailant, however he manged to fight Farnsdale off leaving Farnsdale with a muffler scarf, with the assailant escaping with his accomplice. After an extensive police search around Northumberland, the two perpetrators Klighe and Strautin were found in Walbottle Dene. Despite being armed with a pistol they gave themselves up. Klighe and Strautin were found wearing clothes stolen from the Ashington Co-Op, where they also broke into the safe. They were suspected of breaking into a number of safes across the region. They were charged with four counts of burglary and attempted murder, being sentenced to penal servitude for 13 years before being deported. PC Sinton was awarded the Kings Police Medal for Gallantry.[60][61][62][63][64]

1993 armed robbery of post office

Overnight on 23 and 24 August 1993, an organised crime gang robbed the Rothbury post office of £15,000 (≈ £30,000 in 2020)[65] in cash, stamps and pension books. Armed with iron crowbars and dressed in camouflage and ski masks they cut the telephone wires, blocked the main road with a stolen council van, and threatened local residents.

The then MP for Rothbury, Liberal Democrat Alan Beith said the event showed rural communities like Rothbury needed extra police cover to fight organised crime. Detective Inspector John Hope, who lead the investigation, stated that too much of focus on cities lead to organized crime moving to rural villages. He also said that improving roads to give better police access to rural villages would help decrease crime, and that the criminal justice system was failing to convict people, with criminals knowing they could escape punishment.[8][66]

2010 Northumbria Police manhunt

Main article: 2010 Northumbria Police manhunt

In July 2010, Rothbury was the site of a major police manhunt. Raoul Moat was released from HM Prison Durham on 1 July, after an 18-week sentence for assaulting a nine-year old relative. During his prison sentence, his girlfriend had a relationship with a police officer that she kept secret from Moat; his business also collapsed while he was in prison, which he blamed the police for. After his release, he discovered his girlfriend's relationship; he shot and killed her new boyfriend, 29-year-old karate instructor Chris Brown, and attempted to kill her. Then, while driving on the A1, he attacked police officer David Rathband, stationed in a patrol car on the roundabout of the A1 and A69 roads near East Denton, permanently blinding him (Rathband would hang himself at home in Blyth 18 months later). Moat then went on the run for five days (3-8 July), hiding in and around Rothbury. Police then cornered him by the river on the night of 8 July. After a six-hour stand-off, with Moat holding a gun to his head the entire time, Moat committed suicide by shooting himself early on the morning of 9 July.

2021 Pub Robberies

In May 2021 burglars broke into two pubs in the same night, the Newcastle House in Rothbury, stealing £4,000 and The Three Wheats in Thropton stealing £150. The landlord of The Three Wheats, Gail Hooper, called the burglars "scumbags".[67]

2021 Cannabis Farm Discovery

In June 2021 police discovered a cannabis farm at the closed-down pub The Railway Hotel in Rothbury, the police said that "At about 2.20pm on Monday we received a report from an electric company that a cannabis farm had been found inside the Railway Hotel pub in Rothbury. Officers attended the scene and about 100 plants were removed and destroyed. A 25-year-old man was arrested and has since been charged with producing a Class B drug".[68]

Notable people

Places named after Rothbury

In popular culture

Film

TV

Documentary

Drama

Thrum Mill where episode Silent Voices (Season 2 Episode 2) of ITV crime drama Vera was filmed
Thrum Mill where episode Silent Voices (Season 2 Episode 2) of ITV crime drama Vera was filmed

Vera (2011–present), a ITV crime drama set in North East England; Northumberland and Tyne and Wear, has scenes from two episodes filmed in Rothbury:[71]

Line producer Margaret Mitchell commented on filming at Rothbury for Darkwater:[74]

“We arrived very early in the morning, on an October day when it was very misty. The sun was rising and shone through the water – that was particularly beautiful. It's a great place for walking. When you're here, you're completely struck by the expansive land, the light and the skies. You can see the vast panorama of countryside, the light just fills your eyes. It's incredible.”

Rothbury was also mentioned by DS Joe Ashworth (David Leon) in the episode 'Poster Girl', Series 3: Episode 2.

Gallery

References and Further Reading

Further Reading

References

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e Finlayson., Rhona; Hardie, Caroline (2009). "Rothbury Northumberland Extensive Urban Survey" (PDF). Northumberland County Council: 11.
  3. ^ a b Scott, Andrew (2012). "The early railways of North East England and their heritage today". The International Conference on Business & Technology Transfer. 2012 (6): 141. doi:10.1299/jsmeicbtt.2012.6.0_141. ISSN 2433-295X.
  4. ^ Hazell, Zoë; Crosby, Vicky; Oakey, Matthew; Marshall, Peter (November 2017). "Archaeological investigation and charcoal analysis of charcoal burning platforms, Barbon, Cumbria, UK". Quaternary International. 458: 178–199. Bibcode:2017QuInt.458..178H. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2017.05.025. ISSN 1040-6182.
  5. ^ "Newcastle, Northumberland County, New Brunswick". 1959: 8. doi:10.4095/110227. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ a b c Graham, Frank (1975). Rothbury and Coquetdale (Northern History Booklet No. 65). ISBN 978-0-85983-092-8.
  7. ^ Beckensall, (2001), Stan (2001). Northumberland The Power of Place. Tempus Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7524-1907-7.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Chronology | Rothbury". rothbury.co.uk. 1993. Retrieved 18 March 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ [1].
  10. ^ Girouard 1979, p. 307.
  11. ^ "Rothbury Jubilee Institute Hall: About the hall". www.rothburyjubileehall.org.uk. Retrieved 18 March 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ "Rothbury Jubilee Institute Hall: History". www.rothburyjubileehall.org.uk. Retrieved 18 March 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ "Past Engagements | Prince of Wales". www.princeofwales.gov.uk. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  14. ^ "Royal Visit". Rothbury Butchers. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
  15. ^ "Rothbury Parish Council". Rothbury Parish Council. Retrieved 3 January 2022. Rothbury is a small market town set on the banks of the River Coquet in Northumberland, and although technically a town, everyone still tends to call it a village. It has a village feel about it.
  16. ^ "Councillor details - Councillor Steven Christopher Bridgett". northumberland.moderngov.co.uk. 23 March 2021. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  17. ^ "Northumbria Police set to move to new base secured for officers in Rothbury". beta.northumbria.police.uk. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  18. ^ "Local fire stations - Our fire stations - Rothbury". Northumberland County Council.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ "The Rothbury Practice". Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  20. ^ "Rothbury • Northumberland National Park". Northumberland National Park. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  21. ^ "B6341 - Roader's Digest: The SABRE Wiki". www.sabre-roads.org.uk. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  22. ^ "B6342 - Roader's Digest: The SABRE Wiki". www.sabre-roads.org.uk. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  23. ^ "B6344 - Roader's Digest: The SABRE Wiki". www.sabre-roads.org.uk. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  24. ^ a b "Custom report - Nomis - Official Labour Market Statistics". www.nomisweb.co.uk. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  25. ^ "All Saints Rothbury". Parish of Upper Coquetdale. Retrieved 29 October 2018.; see also Hawkes, Jane (1996). "The Rothbury Cross: An Iconographic Bricolage". Gesta. 35 (1): 77–94. doi:10.2307/767228. JSTOR 767228. S2CID 193289467.
  26. ^ Watson, June. "Rothbury, Northumberland". Durham & Northumberland Ancestry Research. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010.
  27. ^ "Rothbury Racecourse". Greyhound Derby. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  28. ^ "Whitton Tower". Pastscape. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  29. ^ "Walking With Rock Art – 7. Lordenshaw". rockart.ncl.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012.
  30. ^ "Rothbury site record". Disused Stations. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  31. ^ "Coquetvale Hotel". coquetvale.co.uk. Archived from the original on 28 March 2018.
  32. ^ "Welcome to Rothbury First School". www.rothburyfirst.northumberland.sch.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  33. ^ "Rothbury First School - GOV.UK". www.get-information-schools.service.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  34. ^ "THE THREE RIVERS LEARNING TRUST - GOV.UK". www.get-information-schools.service.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  35. ^ "Dr Thomlinson C of E Middle School | Where every child matters, Every child succeeds". drthomlinson.the3rivers.net. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  36. ^ "Dr Thomlinson Church of England Middle School - GOV.UK". www.get-information-schools.service.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  37. ^ Graham, Hannah (15 February 2019). "Kids 'on strike' from school to force grown ups to save the planet". ChronicleLive. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  38. ^ "Rothbury Traditional Music Festival – a weekend of traditional music, dance and events". Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  39. ^ "RECAP: Further Tales from Northumberland '" Episode Five". www.northumberlandgazette.co.uk. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  40. ^ "Alexander Armstrong announced as patron of Rothbury traditional music festival". North East Times. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  41. ^ "Our ace Patron, TV's Alexander Armstrong announces the festival from an Erupting /Icelandic Volcano! Festival is ON! Saturday 10th July with outdoor stage from 12.30pm-5pm". Facebook. 6 July 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  42. ^ "Programme 2015". Rothbury Traditional Music Festival. 2015. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013.
  43. ^ "2019 FESTIVAL DATES ARE 19TH – 21ST JULY: 2019 ARTISTS ANNOUNCED!". Rothbury Traditional Music Festival. 2019. Archived from the original on 6 December 2019.
  44. ^ Rothbury Traditional Music Festival 2019 Programme (PDF). 2019. pp. 3–4.
  45. ^ "Performers 2021". Rothbury Traditional Music Festival.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  46. ^ "Rothbury Hills". Traditional Tune Archive. 13 June 2019. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  47. ^ Northumberland Collection, retrieved 23 March 2021
  48. ^ A Year of Songs, retrieved 23 March 2021
  49. ^ Dawson, Peter; Murray, Billy. "Rothbury Highland Pipe Band". www.rothburypipeband.co.uk.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  50. ^ Scott, Katie (16 July 2020). "History of the Rothbury Highland Pipe Band as it celebrates its centenary". Northumberland Gazette.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  51. ^ Scott, Katie (30 July 2020). "Rothbury Highland Pipe Band's 'World Tours' inspired by comedian Billy Connolly". Northumberland Gazette.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  52. ^ "Rothbury Football Club". www.rothburyfc.com.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  53. ^ "Viewing Club: Rothbury FC". Northern Football Alliance.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  54. ^ [Green, Malcolm (2014). Northumberland Folk Tales. Stroud, Gloucestershire: The History Press. pp. 20–23. ISBN 978-0-7524-8998-8.]
  55. ^ "The World of Lightness". www.jamestait.co.uk. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  56. ^ Tait, James (2021). The World of Lightness: A Story of the Duergar of Simonside. Wanney Books. ISBN 9781999790585.
  57. ^ "The Duergar Nightcrawler | 10 Mile Night Trail Run".
  58. ^ "Margaret Bodley Edwards – a talented and remarkable woman who cares about giving artistic opportunities to all". www.northumberlandgazette.co.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  59. ^ Folklore has it that the Bedlington Terriers were used by Romani people of the Rothbury Forest to hunt silently for small game and the livestock of the landowners: Kerry V. Kern, "The Terrier Handbook"; Barron's Edu. Ser., 2005 New York.
  60. ^ Green, Nigel. Tough Times and Gristly Crimes: A History of Crime in Northumberland. Wallsend, Tyne and Wear: Stonebrook Print and Designs. p. 102. ISBN 978-0-9551635-0-0.
  61. ^ "If trees could talk, the tales this one could tell". www.northumberlandgazette.co.uk. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  62. ^ "King's Medal for Northern Heroes". Sunday Sun. 6 June 1921. p. 5 – via Newspapers.com.
  63. ^ "Attempted Murder at Rothbury". Newcastle Daily Journal and Courant. 2 July 1920. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com.
  64. ^ "Police Constable Sinton". The Newcastle Daily Chronicle. 3 March 1920. p. 7 – via Newspapers.com.
  65. ^ "Inflation calculator". www.bankofengland.co.uk. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  66. ^ "Crime gangs 'targeting rural areas': Audacious raid on village and". The Independent. 23 October 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  67. ^ Larkin, Paul (8 May 2021). "Burglars target two Northumberland pubs in one night". Northumberland Gazette.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  68. ^ Smith, Ian (9 June 2021). "Man charged after cannabis farm discovered at Northumberland pub". Northumberland Gazette.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  69. ^ Fendley, Alan (2014). The Jubilee Hall (PDF). D.W.Elson. p. 10.
  70. ^ Pitts, Simon (4 April 2014), The Boy and the Bus (Short, Drama, Family), Ali Cook, Gregory Floy, Angela Gillbanks, Philip Harrison, retrieved 12 January 2021
  71. ^ Hodgson, Barbara (16 January 2020). "Where is Vera's filmed? Check out locations used in the ITV drama". ChronicleLive. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  72. ^ "Vera" Silent Voices (TV Episode 2012) – IMDb, retrieved 12 January 2021
  73. ^ Jones, Lee Haven (28 January 2018), Darkwater (Crime, Drama, Mystery), Brenda Blethyn, Kenny Doughty, Jon Morrison, Kingsley Ben-Adir, ITV Studios, retrieved 13 January 2021
  74. ^ "Discover the setting of ITV's detective drama Vera". Radio Times. Retrieved 12 January 2021.