Roxboro, North Carolina
Main Street Uptown
Main Street Uptown
Official seal of Roxboro, North Carolina
Motto: 
"Progress Is Our Business"
Location of Roxboro, North Carolina
Location of Roxboro, North Carolina
Coordinates: 36°23′30″N 78°58′55″W / 36.39167°N 78.98194°W / 36.39167; -78.98194Coordinates: 36°23′30″N 78°58′55″W / 36.39167°N 78.98194°W / 36.39167; -78.98194
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyPerson
Government
 • MayorMerilyn P. Newell
Area
 • Total7.14 sq mi (18.49 km2)
 • Land7.13 sq mi (18.47 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
715 ft (218 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,134
 • Density1,140.33/sq mi (440.28/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
27573, 27574
Area code(s)336, 743, *919 *small portion near Granville Co.
FIPS code37-58160[2]
GNIS feature ID1024281[3]
Websitewww.cityofroxboro.com

Roxboro is a city and the county seat of Person County in the U.S. state of North Carolina. The population was 8,134 at the 2020 census. The city is 30 miles (48 km) north of Durham and is a part of the four-county Durham–Chapel Hill Metropolitan Statistical Area, which has a population of 649,903 as of the 2020 Census. The Durham–Chapel Hill MSA is a part of the larger Raleigh–Durham–Cary Combined Statistical Area, which has a population of 2,043,867 as of the 2020 Census.

History

Old pumps at Stuart's Family Grill – "Dog House"
Old pumps at Stuart's Family Grill – "Dog House"

Roxboro is named after a town in Scotland; Roxburgh. Although spelled differently, they are pronounced the same. Prior to the official adoption of the name Roxboro, the community was known as "Mocassin Gap". The city of Roxboro was incorporated on January 9, 1855 and remains the only municipality in Person County.

The Holloway-Jones-Day House, House on Wagstaff Farm, James A. and Laura Thompson Long House, Merritt-Winstead House, Person County Courthouse, Roxboro Commercial Historic District, Roxboro Cotton Mill, and Roxboro Male Academy and Methodist Parsonage are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

On July 7, 1920, Red Roach was lynched in downtown Roxboro.[5]

On August 15, 1941, a mob of 500 attempted to lynch Cy Winstead, a 22 year old black man, who was accused of raping a white woman and was being held at the Person county court house. The mob was held off with tear gas by local authorities led by Sheriff M. T. Clayton until Winstead could be safely transferred to the state prison in Raleigh, NC. No injuries were reported. [6] Ten men were indicted for the attempted lynching on October 16, 1941 on misdemeanor charges for "unlawful assembly for unlawful purpose".[7]

Geography

Roxboro is located at 36°23′30″N 78°58′55″W / 36.39167°N 78.98194°W / 36.39167; -78.98194 (36.391690, −78.981877).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16 km2), of which 6.3 square miles (16 km2) is land and 0.16% is water.

Climate

Roxboro has a moderate subtropical climate, with mild weather in the spring, fall, and winter. However, summers can be hot and humid. Winter temperatures generally range from highs in the low 50s°F (10-13 °C) to lows in the upper 20s-mid 30s°F (-2 to 2 °C), though 60 °F (16 °C) degree weather is not uncommon. The record low was -9 °F in January 1985. Spring and fall days are usually in the low to mid 70s°F (low 20s°C), with nights in the 50s°F (10-14 °C). Summer days are often in the upper 80s and low 90s °F (30-35 °C,) with very high humidity. The record high was 104 °F in July 1966. The rainiest months are July and September.

Roxboro receives an average of 7.2 in (183 mm) of snow per winter. Freezing rain and sleet occur most winters, and occasionally the area experiences a major, damaging ice storm. Roxboro is often dubbed the "Snow Capital of the Triangle" because it often receives the most or close to the most snow during snowstorms in central North Carolina due to its high elevation.

Climate data for Roxboro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 51.2
(10.7)
55.1
(12.8)
62.7
(17.1)
72.9
(22.7)
79.0
(26.1)
85.9
(29.9)
89.3
(31.8)
87.9
(31.1)
82.2
(27.9)
73.0
(22.8)
63.0
(17.2)
54.6
(12.6)
71.4
(21.9)
Average low °F (°C) 26.4
(−3.1)
27.5
(−2.5)
34.3
(1.3)
43.0
(6.1)
52.9
(11.6)
61.6
(16.4)
66.3
(19.1)
64.1
(17.8)
57.3
(14.1)
44.5
(6.9)
33.8
(1.0)
28.6
(−1.9)
45.0
(7.2)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.02
(102)
2.94
(75)
4.39
(112)
4.03
(102)
3.72
(94)
4.43
(113)
3.80
(97)
3.81
(97)
5.16
(131)
3.63
(92)
3.49
(89)
3.97
(101)
47.29
(1,201)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8.5 8.3 9.0 8.7 9.7 8.8 8.8 8.2 7.5 7.1 7.4 9.0 101
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.3 175.2 229.4 252.0 257.3 267.0 260.4 238.7 219.0 213.9 174.0 158.1 2,609.3
Source: NCEI[9]

Law and government

City Council

Mayor and City Council members are elected to four-year terms on a non-partisan, at-large basis.

Public safety

In 2009, 0 murders or non-negligent manslaughters were reported on the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reports.[citation needed]

Businesses

Roxboro businesses include LED lighting, law firms, electrical, textile, manufacturing, aerodynamics, administrative, winery, brokering, food processing, automotive, tobacco agriculture, aluminum and paper products. Roxboro is also adjacent to North Carolina's Research Triangle region, home to numerous high-tech companies and enterprises.

Largest employers:

Other businesses:

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880483
1890421−12.8%
19001,021142.5%
19101,42539.6%
19201,65115.9%
19303,657121.5%
19404,59925.8%
19504,321−6.0%
19605,14719.1%
19705,3704.3%
19807,53240.3%
19907,332−2.7%
20008,69618.6%
20108,362−3.8%
20208,134−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2020 census

Roxboro racial composition[11]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 3,210 39.46%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,700 45.49%
Native American 58 0.71%
Asian 28 0.34%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 351 4.32%
Hispanic or Latino 786 9.66%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,134 people, 3,348 households, and 1,739 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010 there were 8,362 people, 3,479 households, and 1,979 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,296.2 people per square mile (535.5/km2). There were 4,044 housing units at an average density of 630.8 per square mile (243.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 44.9% White, 46.8% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.59% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 8.7% of the population. (This reporting does not take into account the massive annual influx of Hispanic migrant labor.)

There were 3,479 households, out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the city the population was spread out, with 23.7% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.1 years. For every 100 females there were 81.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,918 and the median income for a family was $42,559. Males had a median income of $27,741 versus $23,245 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,824. About 13.4% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.6% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.


Education

See Person County, North Carolina.

Culture

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Museum

Entertainment

Farmers market

Festivals

Events

Performing arts

Public library

Person County Public Library
Person County Public Library
Person County Public Library reading room
Person County Public Library reading room

Parks and recreation

Person County Parks and Recreation Department offers a wide variety of leisure services throughout the county providing a variety of recreational opportunities including playgrounds, walking tracks, picnic shelters, basketball courts, golf course, putt-putt, bicycling, fishing, swimming, tennis courts, ball fields, volleyball courts, hiking trails, horseshoe pits and restroom facilities at more than 14 sites, more than 6,735 acres (27 km2) of park land, including:

Other attractions include:

Shopping

Infrastructure

Transportation

Air

Railroad

Major highways

Public transit

Utilities

The city's electric system is maintained by Duke Energy and Piedmont Electric Membership Cooperative. Telephone networks include CenturyLink, wireless networks - AT&T Mobility, U.S. Cellular and Verizon Wireless. Broadband internet is provided by CenturyLink, Electronic Solutions[13] and Charter Communications. Cable television service is available from Charter Communications and CenturyLink.

Media

Print media

Newspapers and periodicals that serve the Roxboro and surrounding area include:

Radio

Roxboro is the city of license for two radio stations:

Other nearby stations

Television

Roxboro is part of the Raleigh-Durham-Fayetteville Designated Market Area, the 24th largest broadcast television market in the United States.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  5. ^ The Washington Herald, July 8, 1920, p. 1.
  6. ^ "Southern Mob Fails in Attempt To Lynch Man Accused of Rape". Kingston Daily Freeman. August 16, 1941.
  7. ^ "Ten Men Indicted For Attempted Lynching Of Negro In Person". October 16, 1941. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "1991-2020 Normals". NCEI. 2021. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-22.
  12. ^ Library a Treasure Trove: Materials, Programs Presented at 'Bargain Price'. Roxboro, NC: The Courier Times. June 22, 2011
  13. ^ "Electronic Solutions, Inc". Esinc.net. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
  14. ^ 2010 Hall of Fame - Mary Jayne Harrelson. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  15. ^ Russonello, Giovanni (January 12, 2021). "Frank Kimbrough, Pianist With a Subtle Touch, Is Dead at 64". New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2022.