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Royal Moroccan Navy
Arabic: القوات البحرية الملكية المغربية
Berber languages: ⴰⴷⵡⴰⵙ ⴰⴳⴻⵍⴷⴰⵏ ⵏ ⵢⵉⵍⴻⵍ
Moroccan Navy Force.png
Royal Moroccan Navy Seal
Foundedactive since: 11th century
current form: 30 April 1960
Country Morocco
TypeNavy
Size7,800 personnel (includes 1,500 Marines)
Part ofRoyal Moroccan Armed Forces
HeadquartersRabat
AnniversariesApril 1st (foundation)
Equipment121 vessels 17 aircraft
Commanders
Inspector General of the NavyVice-Admiral Mostapha El Alami
Commander-in-ChiefKing Mohammed VI
Insignia
Naval Ensign
Naval Ensign of Morocco.svg
Naval Jack
Naval Jack of Morocco.svg
Aircraft flown
HelicopterAS565 Panther

The Royal Navy of Morocco (Arabic: القوات البحرية الملكية المغربية, Berber languages: ⴰⴷⵡⴰⵙ ⴰⴳⴻⵍⴷⴰⵏ ⵏ ⵢⵉⵍⴻⵍ) is a branch of the military of Morocco responsible for conducting naval operations. The Royal Moroccan Navy is administratively managed by the Administration of Defence, which is (de facto) commanded by King Mohammed VI, the commander-in-chief of the Moroccan Armed Forces.

Mission

The Royal Moroccan Navy is part of the Moroccan Armed Forces. Its mission includes the protection of Moroccan territory and sovereignty, as well as the control of Morocco's 81,000-square-nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone. Given Morocco's significant coastline (2,952 km) and strategic position overseeing the Strait of Gibraltar, it (along with Spain and the United Kingdom) is deeply involved in the security of this important international waterway.

History

The history of the modern Royal Moroccan Navy began in 1960 with its foundation by King Mohammed V. The first admiral of the modern Moroccan Navy was Vice Admiral Mohammed Triki, who held the position as the Commander in Chief of the Royal Moroccan Navy for 14 years from 1991 to 2005, and devoted 46 years of services to the Moroccan Navy. Vice Admiral Triki was awarded these decorations: (from Morocco) Legion of the Order of Commander, Knight of the Order of the Throne by his majesty King Hassan II; (from France) Legion of Honor by President Jacques Chirac; (from USA) Legion of Merit by President Bill Clinton; and (from Spain) Legion of Merit. Although the modern Royal Navy was structured following independence, the Moroccan naval military traces its roots back to the 11th century, with the rise of the Almoravid dynasty, and its ambition for naval hegemony in the Mediterranean Sea. Admiral Abdullah Ben Meimoun is credited for being the first commander of the Almoravid dynasty organized naval forces. With the Almohad dynasty taking over most of northern Africa, together with Al-Andalus, the Almohad dynasty navy soon became the "first fleet of the Mediterranean".[1] At its peak, the Almohad navy's military reputation was well known, inciting Ayyubid dynasty Egypt and Saladin to seek its help in preventing Crusades expeditions. The 16th century had the starting decline of the Moroccan state and consequently the navy that served it. The capture of major coastal cities and locations by Spain and Portugal much affected Morocco's naval capabilities.

Bases

The main bases of the Royal Moroccan Navy are located in:

Equipment

Warships

Class Photo No. Ship Origin Year
Commissioned
Note
Frigates (6)
FREMM
FREMM Mohammed VI - Lorient 2013-05.JPG
601 Mohammed VI  France/ Italy 2014 ASW version[2]
Floréal
US Navy 050405-N-3557N-112 The Moroccan Navy Floreal-class frigates, Muhammed V (FFGHM 611) and Hassan II (FFGHM 612) conduct maneuvers with the ships assigned to the USS Kearsarge (LHD 3) Expeditionary Strike Group.jpg
611 Mohammed V  France 2002
612 Hassan II  France 2002
Sigma
Kri-diponegoro-1600-1200.jpg
613 Tarik Ben Ziyad  Netherlands 2011 Sigma 10513 version

(Frigate)[3][4]

614 Sultan Moulay Ismail  Netherlands 2012 Sigma 9813 version (multi mission frigate)
615 Allal Ben Abdellah  Netherlands 2012 Sigma 9813 Version (multi mission frigate)
Corvettes (1)
Descubierta
Descubierta class Lieutenant Colonel Errahmani
501 Lieutenant-Colonel Errahmani Spain Spain 1983 Updated in 2014[5]
Missile boats (4)
Lazaga
307 Commandant Azouggarh, 2010.jpg
304 El Khattabi  Spain 1981
305 Commandant Boutouba  Spain 1981
306 Commandant El Harty  Spain 1982
307 Commandant Azouggarh  Spain 1982
Patrol boats (18)
OPV-70
341 Bir Anzaran
341 Bir Anzaran  France 2011 4 under construction
OPV-64
322 Raïs Al Mounastiri.
318 Raïs Bargach  France 1995
319 Raïs Britel  France 1996
320 Raïs Charkaoui  France 1996
321 Raïs Maaninou  France 1997
322 Raïs Al Mounastiri  France 1997
Osprey 55
20080702-Faliron P-19 HS Navmachos.jpg
308 El Lahiq  Denmark 1987
309 El Tawfiq  Denmark 1988
316 El Hamiss  Denmark 1990
317 El Karib  Denmark 1990
Cormoran 310 Lieutenant De Vaisseau Rabhi f 1988
311 Errachiq 1988
312 El Akid 1989
313 El Maher 1989
314 El Majid 1989
315 El Bachir 1989
PR-72
PR-72 class.jpg
302 Okba  France 1976
303 Triki  France 1977
Damen Interceptor 1503
Interceptor 1503.jpg
1-5 TBD  Netherlands 2016 5 under construction for Coast Guard Duties, capable of 60 knots (110 km/h; 69 mph)
Fearless 36 12

Amphibious and auxiliary vessels

Class Photo No. Ship Year
commissioned
Note
Amphibious ships
BATRAL
404 Abou Abdallah El Ayachi.JPG
402 Daoud Ben Aicha 1977
403 Ahmed Es Sakali 1977
404 Abou Abdallah El Ayachi 1978
LCT
LCT50M.jpg
409 Sidi Ifni Landing craft tank[6]
Support ships
Hydrographic and oceanographic boat
B2m .jpg
804 Dar Al Beida 2018 Used to chart the underwater coastal area[7]
Ad Dakhla CLS
Daoud Ben Aicha.jpg
408 Daoud Ben Aicha 1997 Cargo ship which has a displacement of 2100 tons[8]
Hydrographic research boat H-01 H-01 2011 Used to chart the underwater coastal area.
Damen Stan Tug 2208
Al-Mounkid .jpg
A2 Al Mounkid 2015 Coastal & harbour tug[9]
BBP 803 BBP Submariner training ship

Inshore patrol vessels

Aircraft

Main article: List of active Moroccan military aircraft

Aircraft Photo Origin Mission In Service Note
Maritime Patrol Aircraft
Britten-Norman Defender
ZH002 Britten-Norman Defender AL.2.jpg
 United Kingdom Maritime patrol aircraft 14 Operated by the Royal Moroccan Air Force
Beech King Air
Beechcraft B300 King Air 350 A32-426.jpg
 United States Maritime patrol aircraft 4[10] Two more were delivered in 2020. They are all of the 350ER versions
Helicopters
Eurocopter AS565 MA
Moroccan HH-65A Dolphin helicopter. dropping a search and rescue swimmer.jpg
 France Naval Military utility 3 Operated by the Royal Moroccan Navy
Bell 412 MA
N301FD.jpg
 United States Anti-submarine helicopter 2 Ordered two by the Royal Moroccan Navy

Notable sailors

Abdelkader Perez, Admiral and an ambassador to England in 1723.
Abdelkader Perez, Admiral and an ambassador to England in 1723.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ André, Charles-André (1994). Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord. Paris: Payot. p. 866. ISBN 978-2-228-88789-2.
  2. ^ "DCNS delivers multimission frigate Mohammed VI to Royal Moroccan Navy". January 30, 2014. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  3. ^ "Shipbuilding Tribune - First Multi Mission Frigate for Royal Moroccan Navy Starts Sea Trials". 2011-08-11. Archived from the original on 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  4. ^ "Shipbuilding Tribune - Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding Delivers SIGMA Class Frigate to Royal Moroccan Navy". 2012-03-31. Archived from the original on 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  5. ^ "Royal Moroccan Armed Forces". Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-21.
  6. ^ "MAROC - Commande d'une barge LCT de 50m - Dossier de presse : l'Actualité - PIRIOU - Construction, réparation et ingénierie navale". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-05-13.
  7. ^ "Piriou décroche la commande d'un bâtiment océanographique pour le Maroc". Archived from the original on 2016-05-12. Retrieved 2016-05-13.
  8. ^ Colombaro, Mike (2012-03-05). "Combat Fleets Of The World: Future of the Royal Moroccan Navy". Combat Fleets Of The World. Retrieved 2021-05-10.
  9. ^ "Royal Moroccan Navy turns to Damen for first tug". Archived from the original on 2016-05-29. Retrieved 2016-05-13.
  10. ^ "Morocco starts maritime patrols with newly delivered King Air 350ER aircraft". defenceWeb. 2020-02-20. Retrieved 2021-05-10.