The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
(Carabiniers and Greys)
Cap badge of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
Active2 July 1971–Present
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeLine cavalry
RoleLight Cavalry
SizeOne regiment
Part ofRoyal Armoured Corps
Garrison/HQHome HQ – Edinburgh Castle
Regiment – Waterloo Lines, Leuchars Station[1][2][3]
Nickname(s)Scotland's Cavalry
Motto(s)Nemo me impune lacessit (No one provokes me with impunity)
Ich Dien (I Serve)
Second to None
MarchQuick (band) – The 3DGs;
(pipes & drums) – Hielan' Laddie
Slow (band) – The Garb of Old Gaul; (pipes & drums) – My Home
Mascot(s)Drum Horse (Talavera)
Anniversaries13 April (Nunshigum)
18 June (Waterloo)
25 October (Balaklava)
Commanders
Colonel-in-ChiefHM The Queen
Insignia
Tactical Recognition Flash
Arm BadgePrince of Wales's feathers
from 3rd Dragoon Guards (Prince of Wales's)
TartanRoyal Stewart (Pipers kilts and plaids)
AbbreviationSCOTS DG

The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys) is a cavalry regiment of the British Army, and the senior Scottish regiment. The regiment, through the Royal Scots Greys, is the oldest surviving Cavalry Regiment of the Line in the British Army. The regiment is currently based at Waterloo Lines, Leuchars Station, as part of 51st Infantry Brigade and Headquarters Scotland, a light adaptable force brigade.

History

The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards were formed on 2 July 1971 at Holyrood, Edinburgh, by the amalgamation of the 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) (themselves the product of the amalgamation in 1922 of 3rd Dragoon Guards (Prince of Wales's) and 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers)), and The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons).[4]

Soon after, the regiment deployed on four tours of Northern Ireland in 1972, 1974, 1976 and 1980, suffering one fatality in 1972, when Trooper Ian Hunter Caie, was killed by a bomb in a beer barrel that exploded in the path of his Ferret scout car in Moybane, near Crossmaglen County Armagh.[5]

The Scots Dragoon Guards raise the regimental flag on their Challenger 2
The Scots Dragoon Guards raise the regimental flag on their Challenger 2

The regiment saw active service during the Gulf War in 1991 deploying 57 Challenger tanks[6] and in Bosnia as part of SFOR in 1996–97.[7] In 1998, it became the first regiment in the British Army to operate the Challenger 2 main battle tank.[8] It deployed to Kosovo, as part of KFOR, in 2000.[9]

The regiment deployed to Iraq for Operation Telic, the British element of the 2003 invasion of Iraq. The bulk of the regiment deployed as part of the Scots Dragoon Guards Battle Group with a single squadron (A Squadron) detached to the First Battalion The Black Watch Battle Group. All deployed elements of the regiment took part in the advance on Iraq's second largest city, Basra. Prior to reaching Basra, A Squadron fought in and around Az Zubayr and C Squadron was detached from the SCOTS DG BG to fight with 3 Commando Brigade in actions south of Basra that included Britain's largest tank engagement since the Gulf War, when 14 Challenger 2 tanks engaged and destroyed 14 Iraqi tanks (the so-called '14–0' engagement).[10]

The regiment saw more deployments to Iraq in 2006 and 2008, where it suffered two casualties, Lieutenant Richard Palmer[11] and Corporal Gordon Pritchard.[12][13] More recently in 2008, 2011 and 2013/14 the regiment deployed to Afghanistan.[14] The pipes and drums distinguished themselves, winning the award for Album of the Year at the 2009 Classical Brits for Spirit of the Glen: Journey, recorded on active service.[15]

In November 2013, the unit bade farewell to its Challenger 2 tanks and converted to a Light Cavalry unit, armed with Jackal vehicles.[16] Under the Army 2020 plan, it was reroled as a light cavalry unit, and moved to Leuchars Station in summer 2015.[17] On 29 September 2015, HM Queen Elizabeth II visited Leuchars, where she named the north part of the camp 'Waterloo Lines' in celebration of 200 years since the Battle of Waterloo.[18][19][20]

The Regiment deployed to Cyprus with the United Nations as part of the Op TOSCA 27 peace-keeping for a 6 months tour in September 2017.[21]

The Regiment Deployed to Poland in 2019 as part of Operation CABRIT to join the NATO Enhanced Forward Presence Poland Battlegroup as two Separate 6 month deployments with the A Squadron lead contingent named "Dragoon Troop" and the C Squadron lead Contingent named "Balaklava Troop".[22]

Current organisation

Jackal Vehicles in use with the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
Jackal Vehicles in use with the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards

The regiment has converted to the role of light cavalry as part of restructuring in the army under Army 2020. It is now equipped with Jackal armoured fighting vehicles.[16] The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards is paired with the Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry, an Army Reserve light cavalry regiment.[23]

The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards is broken into the following structure:[24]

In the regiment, all soldiers with the rank of OR-2 are called 'Troopers', an ode to the regiment's cavalry lineage.

Regimental museum

The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum is situated at Edinburgh Castle. Opened in 2006, the exhibits include uniforms, medals, weapons, regalia, music and the French Imperial Eagle that was captured by Sergeant Charles Ewart of the Royal Scots Greys from the French 45th Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne at the Battle of Waterloo.[25]

Official abbreviation

The regiment's official abbreviation (as listed in Joint Service Publication 101 (Service Writing)) is SCOTS DG (note all capitals and the space), the format of which follows the traditional Cavalry line.[26]

Accoutrements and uniform

Officers of the SCOTS DG in No.1 dress uniform
Officers of the SCOTS DG in No.1 dress uniform

The cap badge features an eagle, which represents the French Imperial Eagle that was captured by Sergeant Charles Ewart of the Royal Scots Greys from the French 45th Regiment of Foot at the Battle of Waterloo.[27] It is always worn with a black backing in mourning for Tsar Nicholas II, the last Tsar of Russia, who was their Colonel-in-Chief at the time of his execution. The cap badge also has the crossed carbines of the 3rd Carabiniers at the rear of the eagle.[28]

The Plume of The Prince of Wales with its motto "Ich Dien" is worn by all members of the Regiment embroidered on the upper part of the left sleeve. The right to wear this badge was granted to the 3rd Dragoon Guards in 1765, subsequently became the cap badge and later, with the crossed carabines, formed the badge of the 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's).[29]

The distinctive yellow zigzag (or "vandyke") cap band was inherited from the Royal Scots Greys, who had worn it since the mid-19th century.[30]

As a royal regiment, the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards is permitted to wear the Royal Stewart tartan, which was a privilege granted by HM King George VI, and is worn by the regiment's pipers.[31]

Regimental mottos

Traditions

The Loyal Toast is drunk at formal dinners in the Mess and is always drunk seated, except when Royalty is present. On evenings when a military band is present, besides playing "The Queen' the band also play "God Bless the Prince of Wales", an old 3rd Dragoon Guards custom, and the "Imperial Russian Anthem" in memory of Tsar Nicholas II, the Colonel-in-Chief of the Scots Greys, killed with his family during the Russian Civil War (1918).[32] The regiment also has a mounted Drum Major who wears a distinctive white bearskin – a gift to the regiment from Tsar Nicholas during his time as Colonel of the Regiment.[33]

Pipes and Drums

The Pipes and Drums on Armed Forces Day.
The Pipes and Drums on Armed Forces Day.
External video
video icon "Amazing Grace" performed by the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards on YouTube

The regiment has its own pipe band, who were first formed in 1946 and tour widely, performing in competitions, concerts and parades. It was the first official organized pipes and drums in the history of the regiment.[34] Their most famous piece is "Amazing Grace", which reached number one in the charts in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa in 1972. The track sold over seven million copies by mid 1977, and was awarded a gold disc.[35] The track was also featured in the 1978 version of Invasion of the Body Snatchers.[36]

The band released a new CD in late November 2007 through Universal Music, featuring a number of classic pipe tunes along with some modern arrangements and was recorded while the regiment was based in Iraq. The album Spirit of the Glen was produced by Jon Cohen and released by Universal on 26 November 2007. It was a remake of their most popular song "Amazing Grace" and featured the Czech Film Orchestra. Spirit of the Glen was officially launched at Edinburgh Castle[37] and won Album of the Year at the 2009 Classical Brits.[15][38] They have also made regular appearances at the Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo over the years.[39][40]

Band

Following the formation of the new regiment, the regimental bands of the Scots and 3rd Dragoon Guards merged to form the Band of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards. The band deployed with the regiment on all operations, including during the Gulf War. Following massive reductions to the army in 1992, the band amalgamated with the Band of the Queen's Dragoon Guards and Band of the Royal Dragoon Guards to form the new, smaller, Band of the Dragoon Guards. The percussion section of the new band, as an ode to the Scots, wore Bearskins with a large crimson plume extending over the crest of the cap[41] and black pants lined with yellow stripes. This was a direct copy of the Scots band's old uniforms. In addition, the Drum major's uniform consisted of a black bearskin with large crimson plume over the crest of the cap[41] and yellow pants, with the tunic of the Royal Dragoon Guards. Band of the Dragoon Guards picture.[42][43][44][41]

In 2006, this band amalgamated with the Cambrai Band of the Royal Tank Regiment to form the Heavy Cavalry and Cambrai Band, maintaining the percussion uniforms of the old band. Following the formation of the Band of the Royal Armoured Corps, the bearskin cap was lost, but the black and yellow pants were carried over.[42][43]

Commanding Officers

The Commanding Officers have been:[45]

Order of precedence

Preceded by
1st The Queen's Dragoon Guards
Cavalry Order of Precedence Succeeded by
Royal Dragoon Guards

Lineage

1881 Childers Reforms 1922 Amalgamations 1957 Defence White Paper 1966 Defence White Paper - today
3rd (Prince of Wales's) Dragoon Guards 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys)
6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers)
2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys)

Alliances

Affiliated yeomanry

Former

Battle honours

The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiners and Greys) inherited all of its antecedent Regiments' battle honours when it was formed in 1971. These consist:

3rd Dragoon Guards (Prince of Wales's)[47]


Carabiniers (6th Dragoon Guards)[48]


3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards)[49][a]


Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons)[50]


Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys)

Colonel-in-Chief

Regimental Colonels

Colonels of the Regiment have been:[55]

Notes

  1. ^ Themselves having inherited the battle honours of the 3rd Dragoon Guards (Prince of Wales's) and the Carabiniers (6th Dragoon Guards) upon amalgamation in 1922.

References

  1. ^ "The wait is over! The first elements of SCOTS DG Battlegroup have left Waterloo Lines for Kirkcudbright". The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards – Facebook. 3 June 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  2. ^ "We are at Waterloo Lines in Leuchars, Fife, watching the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards receive their new Standard from Her Majesty The Queen". British Army – Facebook. 5 July 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  3. ^ at 12:38pm, Ali Gibson 29th September 2015. "Her Majesty The Queen Visits The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards". Forces Network. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  4. ^ "Royal Scots Dragoon Guards: History". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 22 March 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  5. ^ "Sutton Index of Deaths". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  6. ^ "British Units in the Gulf War". Archived from the original on 28 April 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  7. ^ "Royal Scots Dragoon Guards launch £1m appeal to raise cash for injured comrades". Daily Record. 11 October 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Challenger 2". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  9. ^ Tank Spotter's Guide. 24 May 2011. p. 124. ISBN 9781849082228. Archived from the original on 27 May 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  10. ^ "UK Operations - Iraq 2003". Pymes75.plus.com. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Lt Richard Palmer of The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards killed in Iraq". Ministry of Defence. 16 April 2006. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  12. ^ "Corporal Gordon Alexander Pritchard killed in Iraq". Ministry of Defence. 31 January 2006. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  13. ^ "Scottish pipers record album while serving in Iraq". The Telegraph. 9 November 2008. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  14. ^ "The Serving Regiment". Scotsdgassn.org. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  15. ^ a b "Classical Brits". Classicalbrits.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 June 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  16. ^ a b Ministry of Defence (20 November 2013). "Royal Scots Dragoon Guards receive new Jackal vehicles". GOV.UK. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  17. ^ "Regular Army Basing Plan - 5 Mar 2013" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  18. ^ "The wait is over! The first elements of SCOTS DG Battlegroup have left Waterloo Lines for Kirkcudbright". The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards – Facebook. 3 June 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  19. ^ "We are at Waterloo Lines in Leuchars, Fife, watching the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards receive their new Standard from Her Majesty The Queen". British Army – Facebook. 5 July 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  20. ^ at 12:38pm, Ali Gibson 29th September 2015. "Her Majesty The Queen Visits The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards". Forces Network. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  21. ^ "Royal Dragoon Guards Assume UN Peacekeeping Duties in Cyprus". Forces Network. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  22. ^ "Leuchars-based Royal Scots Dragoon Guards on NATO military exercise in Poland". The Courier. 9 January 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  23. ^ "Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  24. ^ "The Regiment Today". Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  25. ^ "Treasures of the Regiment and Museum". Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  26. ^ "The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Shop". Royal Scots Dragoon Guards. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  27. ^ "Battle of Waterloo". British Battles. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  28. ^ "Collar badge, The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys), 1971". National Army Museum. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  29. ^ Doyle & Foster, p. 37
  30. ^ Wood, Stephen (2015). Those Terrible Grey Horses: An Illustrated History of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.
  31. ^ "Army Regiments and their Pipers, part 6". Piping Press. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  32. ^ "Colonels-in-Chief". Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  33. ^ Whitecross, David (9 March 2012). "Royal Scots Dragoon Guards, drum horse". Flickr. Archived from the original on 7 March 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  34. ^ "The Pipes and Drums of The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys)" (PDF). University of Nevada. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  35. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 320. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  36. ^ "Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1978) - Soundtracks - IMDb". IMDb. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  37. ^ "Scotland on TV - Videos about Scotland and all things Scottish". Scotlandontv.tv. Retrieved 3 May 2014.[permanent dead link]
  38. ^ "Royal Scots Dragoon Guards band wins Classical Brit award". Daily Record. 15 May 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  39. ^ "Scottish Regiments". Edinburgh Tattoo. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  40. ^ "Regimental Music - Royal Scots Dragoon Guards". Scotsdgmuseum.com. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  41. ^ a b c "Regimental Music". Royal Scots Dragoon Guards. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  42. ^ a b "Corps of Army Music [UK]". web.archive.org. 28 December 2007. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  43. ^ a b "The Heavy Cavalry and Cambrai Band". web.archive.org. 3 March 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  44. ^ "Dragoon Guards Band". web.archive.org. 9 March 2005. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  45. ^ "Regiments and Commanding Officers, 1960 - Colin Mackie" (PDF). p. 16. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  46. ^ "Scottish ties still strong". Otago Daily Times Online News. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  47. ^ Mills, T.F. "3rd Dragoon Guards (Prince of Wales's)". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 27 February 2007. Retrieved 30 March 2007.
  48. ^ "6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers)". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 4 February 2005. Retrieved 5 August 2016.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  49. ^ "3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards)". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 4 February 2005. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  50. ^ "Royal Scots Greys". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 9 January 2006. Retrieved 2 October 2016.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  51. ^ "Gulf Battle Honours". Hansard.millbansystems.com. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  52. ^ "Gulf battle honours". The Independent. 20 October 1993. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  53. ^ "House of Commons Hansard Written Ministerial Statements for 10 Nov 2005 (pt 1)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  54. ^ "Iraq battle honours for two Scots regiments". The Scotsman. 11 November 2005. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  55. ^ "The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys)". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 14 August 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  56. ^ Wood, Stephen (2015). Those Terrible Grey Horses: An Illustrated History of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards. Osprey. p. 224. ISBN 978-1472810625.
  57. ^ "No. 46188". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 January 1974. p. 847.

Bibliography