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Ruchazie
Ruchazie is located in Glasgow council area
Ruchazie
Ruchazie
Location within Glasgow
OS grid referenceNS644663
Council area
Lieutenancy area
  • Glasgow
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGLASGOW
Postcode districtG33 3
Dialling code0141 774
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
Glasgow
55°52′15″N 4°10′07″W / 55.8707°N 4.1687°W / 55.8707; -4.1687Coordinates: 55°52′15″N 4°10′07″W / 55.8707°N 4.1687°W / 55.8707; -4.1687

Ruchazie (/rʌxˈhzi/ rukh-HAY-zee)[1] is a neighbourhood in the Scottish city of Glasgow. It is situated to the north-east of the city, bordered by Craigend and Garthamlock to the east and the open ground of Hogganfield Park and Lethamhill Golf Course to the north. Ruchazie is separated from Cranhill to the south and Riddrie to the west by the M8 motorway[2][3] (Junctions 11 and 12 of which directly serve the area), previously the route of the Monkland Canal.

Ruchazie
Ruchazie

A small hamlet existed in the area from at least the 18th to the mid-20th century near to the Gartcraig Colliery,[4][5][6] located where the local housing office now stands. There was also a productive brick works at Gartcraig from the 1870s to the 1920s,[7][8] and two country house estates, Croftcroighn and Craigend.

Developed for housing as part of the city's 'Greater Easterhouse' programme in the 1950s,[9] mostly consisting of tenements,[10] the neighbourhood was at the centre of the Glasgow Ice Cream Wars in the 1980s which culminated in the death of a local family when their flat was set on fire, and also suffered from the habitual territorial gang violence in the area,[11][12] with rival 'young teams' not only from the surrounding schemes but within the fairly small Ruchazie itself, with a gang from each of its three clusters of streets.[13] The area has experienced considerable regeneration and improvement in the early 21st century through Tower Homes LHO and Ruchazie Housing Association.

Ruchazie Community Centre
Ruchazie Community Centre

Ruchazie is the only district in Glasgow that does not have a public house. In August 2009, construction of a Soccerworld five-a-sides complex situated on ground between Croftcroighn Road and the M8 motorway (formerly Whitehill Secondary Former Pupils F.C. playing fields) was completed and opened to the public. The facility includes a soft play area, female-only gym and a licensed bar.[14] There were two churches in the area: Ruchazie Parish Community Church[8] and the Roman Catholic St Philip's, which closed in 2014.[15] The local schools had already closed and been merged with others in the early 2000s.[16]

In 2016, Glasgow City Council outlined masterplans for the development of the Greater Easterhouse area (including Ruchazie) over the next 20 years.[17][18]

Toponymy

Ruchazie is now generally pronounced with a /z/, but used to be pronounced /rʌxeɪjɪ/. This is due to the original Scots spelling, Ruchaȝie, containing the letter yogh, was later erroneously confused with the tailed z.

References

  1. ^ G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (London: Oxford UP, 1971), p. 128.
  2. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Monkland Canal, Gartcraig Bridge, Glasgow (197801)". Canmore.
  3. ^ M8 Motorway (Glasgow City Archives, Deposited Collections, 1987), The Glasgow Story
  4. ^ Roy Lowlands, 1752-55, Explore georeferenced maps (National Library of Scotland)
  5. ^ OS Six-inch 1st edition, 1843-1882, Explore georeferenced maps (National Library of Scotland)
  6. ^ Air Photos, 1944-1950, Explore georeferenced maps (National Library of Scotland)
  7. ^ Gartcraig Fire Clay Co, Millerston, Glasgow – History, Scotland's Brick Manufacturing Industry
  8. ^ a b Ruchazie finds a new community spirit, brick by brick, Evening Times, 13 May 2019
  9. ^ Modern Times: 1950s to The Present Day: Neighbourhoods: Greater Easterhouse, The Glasgow Story
  10. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Glasgow, Garthamlock. Oblique aerial view (1990) (1875773)". Canmore.
  11. ^ Glasgow gangs fade away as anti-violence campaign takes hold, The Guardian, 21 August 2011
  12. ^ Left for dead - then helped to quit gang life, BBC News, 27 October 2017
  13. ^ Labour exchange, The Guardian, 27 July 2005
  14. ^ Welcome To SoccerWorld Glasgow, SoccerWorld
  15. ^ Parish Name: Saint Philip Ruchazie, Archdiocese of Glasgow
  16. ^ The list of changes, BBC News, 1 October 2003
  17. ^ "Easterhouse the latest Glasgow district to be transformed". The Scotsman. 28 September 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  18. ^ "Council report outlines exciting vision of the future transformation of Easterhouse". Glasgow City Council. 27 September 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2018.