Ruxley Gravel Pits
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Ruxley Gravel Pits.JPG
Ruxley Gravel Pits viewed from Edgington Way
LocationGreater London
Grid referenceTQ474700
Area18.7 hectares
Location mapMagic Map

Ruxley Gravel Pits is an 18.7-hectare (46-acre) biological Site of Special Scientific Interest in Ruxley, Orpington, in the London Borough of Bromley, and originally dug between 1929 and 1951. It is also a Site of Metropolitan Importance for Nature Conservation. It is owned by the Environment Agency[1][2] and managed by Kent Wildlife Trust.[3] Natural England has assessed its condition as "unfavourable recovering".[4]

The site comprises four gravel pits, and the River Cray runs through three of them, while the fourth is fed by springs. Gravel extraction took place from 1929 to 1951, and once it ceased the pits attracted many species of birds and a diverse range of plants. In 1975 the site was designated an SSSI.[5][1]

Over 500 species of vascular plants and 169 of birds have been recorded, including song thrush, reed bunting, kingfisher and skylark. Fifty-three of the bird species are breeding. Insects include 23 species of butterfly, 9 dragonfly and over 500 beetles. This variety reflects the diversity of habitat: wooded islands, fringes of mature trees, scrub, fen and open water. Vegetation on the banks include the rare club rush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani. The open water areas have rafts of yellow and white water-lily.[5][1]

Access to the site is reserved to members of the Orpington and District Angling Society and permit holders. It is closed to members of the public.[6]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Natural England, Ruxley Gravel Pits citation
  2. ^ "Ruxley Gravel Pits". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Ruxley Gravel Pits". Kent Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  4. ^ Natural England, SSSI Unit information, Ruxley Gravel Pits
  5. ^ a b Ruxley Gravel Pits, History of Ruxley Archived 2011-02-04 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Notice on the entrance to the site in Edgington Way

Coordinates: 51°24′36″N 0°07′01″E / 51.410°N 0.117°E / 51.410; 0.117