Stanley Donald Stookey
BornMay 23, 1915
NationalityAmerican
Alma materCoe College, Lafayette College Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Known forInventor of CorningWare
AwardsNational Medal of Technology by President Ronald Reagan in 1986
Scientific career
FieldsPhysicist, Chemist
InstitutionsCorning Glass Works

Stanley Donald Stookey is an American inventor.[1] He has 60 patents in his name related to glass and ceramics, some solely his while others are jointly with others.[1] His discoveries and inventions have affected considerably the development of ceramics, eyeglasses, sunglasses, cookware, defense systems, and electronics.[1]

He was a research director at Corning Glass Works for 47 years doing R & D in glass and ceramic development.[1] His inventions include Fotoform, CorningWare, Cercor, Pyroceram and Photochromic Ophthalmic glass eyewear. [1]

Early life

Stookey was born on May 23, 1915 in Hay Springs, Nebraska.[1] His father, Stanley Stookey, was a teacher and bank clerk.[1] His mother, Hermie Stookey, was a teacher and housewife.[1] Stookey had three siblings and he was the oldest of the four children.[1] When Stookey was about 6 years old the family moved to Cedar Rapids, Iowa, from Hay Springs.[1]

Career

Stookey went to Coe College from 1934 to 1936 where he graduated with his first degree, a liberal arts degree in chemistry and mathematics.[1] Stookey’s grandfather (Stephen Stookey) was previously a professor of botany and geology at that same college.[1] After graduation from Coe College Stookey then went to Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania in 1937.[1] He received a $1000 fellowship to cover living expenses and as a teaching laboratory assistant in the chemistry lab.[1] In 1938 he earned his Master of Science degree in chemistry from Lafayette College.[1] Stookey then went to Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge where he received a doctorate in chemistry in 1940.[1] The same year he married his wife Ruth.[1]

Stookey took his career job at Corning Glass Works in 1940.[1] He carried out research on glass and ceramics, which led to several inventions.[1] Stookey studied and experimented with opal glass and glass ceramics.[1] He ultimately developed the first stable photochromic glass.[1]

FotoForm glass

Main article: CorningWare

One of the earliest innovations of Stookey is FotoForm glass. The scientific community recognized its value around 1948. FotoForm glass is used in computer manufacturing and communications technology. A serendipity invention made by Stookey in 1953 was when he took a piece of FotoForm glass and mistakenly heated it to 900°C when he meant to heat it to 600°C.[2] When an oven thermometer was stuck on the higher temperature Stookey had accidentally created the first glass-ceramic, pyroceramic.[1][2] This was the first glass-ceramic and eventually lead to the development of CorningWare in 1957.[2] CorningWare went to the consumer marketplace the next year in 1958 for cookware by Corning Glass Works.[2] It influenced the development of VisionWare, which is transparent cookware.[1] VisionWare was patented by Corning Glass Works in 1966.[1]

Pyroceramic glass has the necessary properties to be used by the military for the nose cones of supersonic radar domes in guided missiles applied in defense.[1] It has the special properties of extreme hardness, super strength, resistance to high heat and is transparent to radar waves.[1]

Photochromic glass is a glass that is used to make ophthalmic lenses that darken and fade with bright light or lack of. These lenses were first available to consumers in the 1960’s as sunglasses made by Corning Glass Works. It is the joint discovery and development of Stookey with William Armistead. Stookey invented photosensitive glass using gold in which permanent colored photographs can be produced.

Timeline

Organization membership

Stookey has held membership in many professional organizations, including,

Works and Publications

Later life

Together he and his wife raised three children named Robert, Margaret and Donald Bruce.[1] They also have six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.[1]

Reference

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "Profiles in Ceramics - S. Donald Stookey" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  2. ^ a b c d "Practically Edible - The Web's biggest food encyclopedia - CorningWare". Retrieved 2008-08-15.