Sako Ltd
Native name
Sako Oy
Company typeSubsidiary
IndustryDefense
Founded1921; 103 years ago (1921)
HeadquartersRiihimäki, Finland
ProductsFirearms, weapon
ParentBeretta Holding
Websitewww.sako.global

Sako Ltd (natively Sako Oy)[1] is a Finnish firearm and ammunition manufacturer located in Riihimäki, Tavastia Proper in southern Finland. It also has owned the Tikka brand of bolt-action rifles since 1983, and is now owned by the Italian firearm holding company Beretta Holding. The name Sako comes from the company's former name Suojeluskuntain Ase- ja Konepaja Oy (lit.'Civil Guard Gun and Machining Works Ltd').

History

In 1919, two years after Finland declared independence from the Russian Empire, the Suojeluskuntain Yliesikunnan Asepaja (Civil Guard Supreme Staff Gun Works) opened in a former Helsinki brewery to repair private arms and recondition Russian military rifles for Finnish service.[2] The rifle repair shop became financially independent of the civil guard in 1921. The Suojeluskuntain Yliesikunnan Asepaja moved from Helsinki to an ammunition factory in Riihimäki on 1 June 1927, and reorganized as SAKO in the 1930s. Sako started exporting pistol cartridges to Sweden in the 1930s and continued manufacturing submachine gun cartridges through World War II.[3]

Another Finnish firearms manufacturer Tikkakoski, which owned the Tikka brand, was merged into SAKO in 1983.[4] In 1986, the arms manufacturing division of the government-owned Valmet conglomerate (which itself had been derived from the Valtion Kivääritehdas, VKT) was merged with Sako and called Sako-Valmet, with ownership split evenly between Nokia and Valmet. After further organizational shifts in state ownership, the company was sold to the Italian Beretta Holding in 2000.[5]

Post–World War II production

The first civilian rifle bearing the Sako name was the L42 (Luodikko [rifle] model 1942) chambered for the 7×33mm Sako cartridge, prototyped in 1942, and commercial production started after World War II. Sako developed the 7×33mm cartridge based on the 9×19mm Parabellum pistol cartridge, by making a longer case and "necking" the case down to 7 mm calibre (7.21 mm bullet diameter). This cartridge was designed for and well suited to capercaillie and black grouse hunting, a popular sport in Finland, Sweden and Norway. The L46 was later denoted L461 "Vixen". The L461 has been very popular in Finland and Sweden, especially chambered for the .222 Remington cartridge and has a great reputation among aficionados.[citation needed]

In 1957, Sako launched a longer action, the L57, subsequently renamed L579 "Forester". This is a "medium action" intended for the .308 Winchester and similar cartridges.

In 1961, Sako introduced the L61R "Finnbear" for long cartridges like the .30-06 and 6.5×55mm.

Between 1959 and 1974, Sako produced a lever-action gun, the Sako Finnwolf, in .243 Winchester and .308 Winchester.

Sako has also produced a number of rimfire rifles, among them are the P72 Finnscout, M78, Finnfire, Quad and Finnfire II. The M78 was also chambered for the .22 Hornet and the .22 WMR in addition to the .22 Long Rifle.

During the 1980s (1987), Sako started using the AI/AII/AV designations (previously used for models imported to the US) for the three action lengths in Europe. The complete rifles were still designated L461/L579/L61. The bolt was given a slight cosmetic makeover, with the hammer covered by a conical shell. This visual design was also used on the later models (M4/5/691, M75, M85).

The L579 could be delivered with detachable magazine although the default was a hinged floorplate.

From 1987 to 1992, a version of the short (Vixen) action was produced for the .22 PPC and 6mm PPC cartridges, when Sako introduced these former wildcat cartridges as commercial cartridges, denoted ".22 PPC USA" and "6mm PPC USA" to avoid confusion with the specialized bench rest cartridges which required a "tight neck" chamber. These actions are the same external dimensions, and have the same bolt diameter as the 222 Remington, 222 Rem. Magnum, 223 Rem. cartridge actions. Only the bolt face recess was enlarged to suit the PPC case.

In 1992, the first of the "newer" Sakos, the 591, was introduced as a replacement for the L579. Shortly after, the 491 and the 691 were launched. These rifles (491/591/691) are not as highly regarded as the L461/L579/L61R and according to folklore, the quality of the workmanship is slightly inferior for the 491/591/691. They featured a separate recoil lug, also found on the 75, and a Tikka trigger assembly. However, these rifles were available in left-hand configuration both as a medium action (591) and long action (691)

In 1997, Sako launched the 75, named for Sako's 75th anniversary. The 75 was externally similar to previous Sako models, but the construction was radically different featuring three symmetrical locking lugs and a detachable magazine.

Before the 75, Sako hunting rifles (except the L46 and the L579) did not have detachable magazines, but a hinged floorplate with the lock placed on the front of the trigger guard.

Sako's latest (and current) model, the M85, was introduced in 2006. In 2020, S20 was released.

Current production

Sako brand

Tikka brand

Sako model history (Europe)

Introduced Model Chambered for Comments
1942 L42 7×33mm Sako
1946 L46 5.6×35mmR, .22 Hornet, .218 Bee, .222 Rem, .222 Rem Mag, .25-20 Win, 7×33mm Sako, .32-20 Win Detachable magazine
1954? P54/P54T .22 LR
195? M98 .270 Win, .30-06, .300 H&H, 8×60mm, 9.3×62mm, .375 H&H FN M98 action, Sako stock and barrel
1957 L57 .243 Win, .244 Rem, .308 Win Fixed magazine
1959 L579 Forester .22-250, .243 Win, .244 Rem, .308 Win Fixed magazine, later in production detachable as option
1961 L461 Vixen .17 Rem, .222 Rem, .222 Rem Mag, .223 Rem Fixed magazine
1961 L61R Finnbear .264 Win, .270 Win, 30-06 Three locking lugs: Two in front and one on the rear end of the bolt
1961 L61R Finnbear Magnum 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .300 H&H, .338 Win Mag, .375 H&H Three locking lugs: two in front and one on the rear end of the bolt
1963 VL63 Finnwolf .243 Win, .244 Rem, .308 Win, .358 Win Lever-action
1972 L61R Finnbear .25-06 Rem, 6.5×55mm, .270 Win, 7×64mm, .30-06, 9.3×62mm Two locking lugs in front
1972 L61R Finnbear Magnum 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .338 Win Mag, .375 H&H Two locking lugs in front
1972 P72 Finnscout .22 LR, .22 WMR
1974? Sako M74 Super .222 Rem, .223 Rem, .22-250, .243 Win, .308 Win, .25-06, .270 Win, .30-06, .264 Mag, 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .300 H&H, .338 Win Mag, .375 H&H
1975 P75 .22 Hornet
1978 M78 Finnscout .22 LR, .22 WMR, .22 Hornet
1979/80 AI/L461 .17 Rem, .222 Rem, .223 Rem Also available as single-shot action
1987 AI/L461 PPC .22 PPC USA, 6mm PPC USA Also available as single-shot action
1979/80 AII/L579 .22-250 Rem, .243 Win, 7mm-08, .308 Win Also available as single-shot action
1979/80 AIII Early version of the AV, short tang
1979/80 AIV
1979/80 AV/L61R .25-06 Rem, 6.5×55, .270 Win, 7×64, .30-06, 9.3×62mm Long tang
1979/80 AV Mag/L61R Magnum 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .300 Wby, .338 Win Mag, .375 H&H, .416 Rem Mag .458 Win Mag has been produced on special order
1982? VL63 Finnwolf Sako Collectors Association .243 Win, .308 Win Lever-action
1988 M579 SM (Super Match) .308 Win
1989 TRG-21 .308 Win Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
1989 TRG-41 .338 Lapua Mag Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
1992 M591 Left hand .22-250, .243 Win, 7mm-08 Rem, .308 Win
1992 M995 TRG-S .25-06 Rem, 6.5×55, .270 Win, .280 Rem, 7×64, .308 Win, .30-06 Spr, 9.3×62 Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine, .473" bolt face
1992 M995 TRG-S Magnum .270 Wby, 7mm Rem Mag, 7mm Wby, 7mm STW, .300 Win Mag, .300 Wby, .338 Win Mag, .340 Wby, .375 H&H, .416 Rem Mag Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine, .532" bolt face
1992 M995 TRG-S Super Magnum 7.21 Firebird, 7.82 Warbird, .30-378 Wby, .338 Lapua Magnum Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine, .590" bolt face
1993 S491 .17 Rem, .222 Rem, .223 Rem, .22 PPC USA, 6mm PPC USA
1993 M591 .22-250, .243 Win, 7mm-08 Rem, .308 Win
1993 L691 .25-06, 6.5×55mm, .270 Win, 7×64, .280 Rem, .30-06, 9.3×62mm
1993 L691 Mag .270 Wby, 7mm Rem Mag, 7mm Wby, .300 Win Mag, .300 Wby, .338 Win Mag, .340 Wby, .375 H&H, .416 Rem Mag
1997 Sako 75 I .222 Rem, .223 Rem Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
1997 Sako 75 III .22 PPC USA, 6mm PPC USA Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
1997 Sako 75 III .22-250, .243 Win, .260 Rem, 7mm-08 Rem, .308 Win Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
1997 Sako 75 SM .270 WSM, .300WSM Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
1997 Sako 75 IV .25-06, 6.5×55mm, .270 Win, 7×64mm, .30-06, 9.3×62, 9.3×66mm Sako Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
1997 Sako 75 V 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .375 H&H, .416 Rem Mag Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
1999 TRG-22 .260 Rem, .308 Win Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
1999 TRG-42 .300 Win Mag, .338 Lapua Mag Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
2001 Sako 75 V Safari anniversary model .375 H&H Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
2001 Sako Finnfire (P94S) .22 LR
2006? Sako Quad .17 Mach 2, .17 HMR, .22 LR, .22 WMR Interchangeable barrels
2006 Sako 85 XS .204 Ruger, .222 Remington, .223 Remington Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
2006 Sako 85 S .22-250, .243 Win, .260 Rem, 7mm-08 Rem, .308 Win, .338 Federal Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
2006 Sako 85 SM .270 WSM, 7mm WSM, .300 WSM Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
2006 Sako 85 M .25-06, 6.5×55mm, .270 Win, 7×64mm, .30-06, 9.3×62mm, 9.3×66mm Sako Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
2006 Sako 85 L 7mm Rem Mag, .300 Win Mag, .338 Win Mag, .375 H&H Mag Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
2011 Sako TRG M10 .308 Win, .300 Win Mag, .338 Lapua Mag User configurable multi caliber modular sniper system
2014 Sako Finnfire II .17 HMR, .22 LR
2020 Sako S20 .243 Win, 6.5 CM, 6.5 PRC, 7mm Rem Mag, .308 Win, .30-06, .300 Win Mag Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine
2023 Sako 90 .243 Win, 6.5 CM, 6.5 PRC, 7mm Rem Mag, .308 Win, .30-06, .300 Win Mag Updated Sako 85, Three locking lugs in front, detachable magazine

Models

Models A-series actions
L461/AI L461/AI PPC L579/AII L61R/AV L61R Mag/AV Mag
Hunter X X X X X
Deluxe X X X X
Super Deluxe X X X X
Laminated X X X X
Varmint X X X
Target X X X
Carbine X X X
Handy X X
Handy Fiber X
Battue X X X
Classic X X X
Fiberclass X X
Safari X
Models 4/5/691 series actions
Hunter, Deluxe, Super Deluxe, Laminated, Varmint, Carbine, Classic
Sako Rifle in .25-06
Models M75 series actions
I (Short) III (Medium) SM (Short magnum) IV (Long) V (Magnum)
Hunter X X X X X
Hunter Stainless X X X X
Hunter left hand X
Laminated stainless X X X X X
Deluxe X X X X X
Synthetic stainless X X X X
Finnlight X X X X
Varmint X X X
Varmint Laminated Stainless X X
Sako Finnlight in .243 Winchester
Models M85 series actions
Hunter, Laminated Stainless, Stainless, Synthetic Stainless, Finnlight, Bavarian, Bavarian Carbine, Varmint, Brown Bear, Black Bear, Kodiak, Grizzly, Long range, Varmint Stainless Synthetic Black, Carbonlight, Classic Deluxe, Deluxe, Safari, Black Wolf, Finnlight ǁ, Carbon Wolf, Safari 90th Anniversary

References

  1. ^ "Sako Oy". Kauppalehti (in Finnish). Retrieved 14 March 2024.
  2. ^ Jim Carmichel (May 2010). "SAKO-50 Years of Rifle Accuracy". Guns & Ammo. Intermedia Outdoors. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2023.
  3. ^ Meyer, Scott E. (2003). "The Sako Saga". American Rifleman. 151 (October). National Rifle Association of America: 65&66.
  4. ^ "Sako History". Tikka. Archived from the original on 21 August 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2023.
  5. ^ Lähteenmäki, Pekka (28 December 2016). "Suomalainen asetehdas löysi isännän Italiasta – "Olemme outo osakkeenomistaja"". Talouselämä (in Finnish). Archived from the original on 29 December 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2018.