The SYSV checksum algorithm was a commonly used, legacy checksum algorithm. It has been implemented in UNIX System V and is also available through the sum command line utility.
This algorithm is useless on a security perspective, and is weaker than the CRC-32 cksum for error detection.
The main part of this algorithm is simply adding up all bytes in a 32-bit sum. As a result, this algorithm has the characteristics of a simple sum:
As a result, many common changes to text data are not detected by this method.
The FreeBSD pseudocode for this algorithm is:
s = sum of all bytes; r = s % 2^16 + (s % 2^32) / 2^16; cksum = (r % 2^16) + r / 2^16;
The last part folds the value into 16 bits.