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Sagar district
Top: Eran , Hazariya Mahadev Bamora Mid: Lakha Banjara Lake , Rahatgarh Waterfall Under: Mini Maihar Tikitoriya Rehli
Location of Sagar district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Sagar district in Madhya Pradesh
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionSagar
HeadquartersSagar
Tehsils
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesSagar
Area
 • Total10,252 km2 (3,958 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,378,458
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy77.52 per cent
 • Sex ratio896
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websitesagar.nic.in

23°48′N 78°40′E / 23.800°N 78.667°E / 23.800; 78.667 Sagar district is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The town of Sagar serves as its administrative center.

The district has an area of 10,252 km², and a population of 2,378,458 (2011 census), an increase of 45% or by 732,260 inhabitants from its 1991 population of 1,646,198. Sagar district is dominated by Sonis, Jains and Yadavs.[1]

As of 2011, it is the third most populous district of Madhya Pradesh, after Indore and Jabalpur.[2]

History

Ancient history

Firstly, Sagar was under the rules of Ahir-Rajas and their capital was at Garhpehra.[3]

Modern history

The history of the town of Sagar dates back to about 1660 AD, when Udan Shah, a descendant of Nihal Shah, built a small fort where the present one sits and founded a village close to it called Parkota Sagar. The present fort and a settlement under its walls were founded by Govind Pant Bundele, an officer of the Peshwa Bajirao I, who controlled Sagar and the surrounding territory after 1735 when it came under the Peshwa's possession. In 1818, the greater part of the district was ceded by the Peshwa Baji Rao II to the British Government, while the remainder of the present district of Sagar came into the possession of the British between 1818 and 1860. Thereafter in 1861, the Saugor and Nerbudda territories (along with the Nagpur state) formed a Commissioner's Province called Central Provinces. Sagar was the headquarters of the Sagar Commissionership for a short period until 1863–64 when this district was incorporated with Jabalpur Commissionership. In the year 1932, the district of Damoh was added to the Sagar district and was administered as a Sub-Division. In 1956, however, Damoh Sub-Division was again separated from the district to form a separate district and the Sagar district consisted of four tehsils viz, Sagar, Khurai, Rehli, Banda.

Geography

Sagar district is located in the middle of the state. The tropic of cancer passes through Sagar district.[4] It is surrounded by Ashoknagar, Vidisha, Raisen, Narsinghpur, Damoh and Chhatarpur districts. Total area of Sagar district is 10,252 km2. Sagar is situated in Vindhya mountain ranges and eastern part of Malwa plateau. Sunar, Dhasan, Bina, Bewas, are the major rivers of the district.[5]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901469,686—    
1911541,256+1.43%
1921528,384−0.24%
1931544,928+0.31%
1941597,049+0.92%
1951636,191+0.64%
1961796,547+2.27%
19711,062,291+2.92%
19811,323,132+2.22%
19911,647,736+2.22%
20012,021,987+2.07%
20112,378,458+1.64%
source:[6]
Religions in Sagar district (2011)[7]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
92.43%
Islam
4.35%
Jainism
2.65%
Other or not stated
0.57%

According to the 2011 census, Sagar District has a population of 2,378,458,[2] This gives it a ranking of 188th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 232 inhabitants per square kilometre (600/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 17.62%.[2] Sagar has a sex ratio of 896 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 77.52%. 29.80% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Tribes made up 21.09% and 9.33% of the population respectively.[2]

Languages of Sagar district (2011)[8]

  Hindi (55.38%)
  Bundeli (42.93%)
  Others (1.69%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 55.38% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 42.93% Bundeli as their first language.[8]

Administrative divisions

There are 8 Constituencies in the district.[9]

Culture

Places of interest

Dayasagar Ji Mararaj Nemingar Jain Tirth

Digamber Jain Tirtha Kshetra

Neminagar Jain Tirth is in Banda tehsil located 30 km from Sagar on National Highway NH-86. It was built in the name of Aacharya Shri 108 Nemisagar ji maharaj by the blessings of his disciple aacharya 108 shri dayasagar ji maharaj. This temple has one choubisi (24 tirthankars god on 24 different altars), one levitated trikal choubisi (Lords of time passes, the time now and time to be), and a navagraha mandir (Lords of nine planets).[10]

Pateria ji

Manastambha at Pateriya Ji

Shri Parsvanath Digamber Jain Atishaya Kshetra, Pateriaji is a 232-year-old temple dedicated to Parshvantha. This idol is 7 feet in height in Padmasana posture built in Black Stone with three serpent hoods. This temple was built by Seth Radha Kishanjun Shah with the earnings of one day in the business of Cotton in 1782 (V.S. 1839).[11]

Makronia, Sagar

A former Dr H. S. Gour University started from Makronia's SAF Campus so many historic events are connected through Makronia. This region is developing as the suburban region near Sagar City. It is just 5 km away from the city. It has its separate railway station, the biggest hotel in Sagar, the Paradise Hotel, many CBSE and MP board schools, as well as a government engineering college. Many army bases are located in Makronia. Also Makronia Nagar Palika, there are many Engineering Colleges in Makronia, as there is a shortage of space in the City, development is moving towards the Makronia Region.[citation needed]

fairs of sagar district

Khanderao Agni Mela

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ Suchandana Gupta (5 November 2003) Cong list causes dissent in MP, Digvijay worried. Times of India
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook: Sagar" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  3. ^ Jain, Arun K.; Sharma, A. N. (2006). The Beria (Rai Dancers): A Socio-demographic, Reproductive, and Child Health Care Practices Profile. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 978-81-7625-714-5.
  4. ^ "a publication from archaeological survey of india, pg 1" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Sagar Geography of Sagar Culture of Sagar Cuisine of Sagar Places of interest in Sagar Geographic coordinate of Sagar". www.brandbharat.com. Retrieved 9 April 2024.
  6. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  7. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religion: Madhya Pradesh". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  8. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Madhya Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  9. ^ "Constituencies | DISTRICT SAGAR, Govenrment of Madhya Pradesh | India". Retrieved 9 April 2024.
  10. ^ "Jain Temple Details". www.jainmandir.org. Retrieved 9 April 2024.
  11. ^ "Jain-Tirth-Pateria, M.P". jain.org.in. Retrieved 9 April 2024.
  12. ^ https://kvk.icar.gov.in/past_image_video.aspx?eventid=2ylizPnBJzC6aCm8vIolTJEtSyg3HfDp3rvb7MEmgGzLBgL8S7XL5IknCD9aqqnKLq3VHirjoKyIWE5msBMe8ae7TRm710OZTSybcVzXIUY=
  13. ^ http://bundelkhandtourism.mp.gov.in/Fairnfestival/view/UFpqN1UvTGpzSFdSK0RxcHlLT24vdz09/
  14. ^ https://www.abplive.com/photo-gallery/states/madhya-pradesh-mp-news-sagar-shri-dev-khanderao-400-year-old-tradition-devotees-walk-on-burning-coals-after-desires-are-fulfilled-ann-2270861
  15. ^ https://khabarkaasar.com/2023/03/dhamoni-wale-babas-three-day-urs-from-may-5-to-7-preparations-going-on/
  16. ^ "Vijayaraje Scindia Biography - Vijayaraje Scindia Profile, Childhood, Life, Timeline". www.iloveindia.com.
  17. ^ "StreeShakti - The Parallel Force". www.streeshakti.com.