The Sainik Schools are a system of schools in India established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society under Ministry of Defence (MoD). They were conceived in 1961 by V. K. Krishna Menon, the then Defence Minister of India, to rectify the regional and class imbalance amongst the Officer cadre of the Indian Military, and to prepare students mentally and physically for entry into the National Defence Academy (NDA) and Indian Naval Academy (INA).[1][2] Sainik Schools, along with 1 RIMC and 5 RMS (Rashtriya Military Schools), contribute 25% to 30% officer cadets to NDA and INA.[3] As of 2021, there were 33 Sainik Schools, and MoD will establish 100 more boarding Sainik Schools in public–private partnership (PPP) mode.[3]

MoD run Sainik Schools as joint venture with the respective state governments. MoD provides annual funding, and serving officers in the key roles such as Principal. State governments provide the land, infrastructure, and other teaching and administrative employees.[3]

Sainik Schools follow the "CBSE Plus" by using CBSE curriculum while additionally aiming to prepare children for entry into NDA and INA. Admission to Sainik Schools is granted from 6th class. The reservation policy caters for SC/ST, domicile of the respective states and the wards of Armed Forces employees and ex-servicemen.[3]


The inspiration for setting up the Sainik Schools came from the Royal Indian Military College (RIMC) and Royal Indian Military Schools (now called Rashtriya Military School or RMS) which have given India many service chiefs. 1 RIMC and 5 RMS were established by the government after the World War I to Indianise the British Colonial Military in India by providing western style education with the aim to prepare the potential pool of future military officers. RIMC was established in 1922. Five RMS were established, namely Chail Military School in 1922, Ajmer Military School in 1930, Belgaum Military School in 1945, Bangalore Military School in 1946 and Dholpur Military School in 1962. First Sainik School came up in 1961. Additionally, there are several private military schools, Maharashtra has highest number of those.[3] Oldest private military school is Bhonsala Military School, which was established in 1937.

Although Sainik School, Lucknow, established in 1960 was the first Sainik School, is not under the Sainik School Society, but rather under Uttar Pradesh Sainik Schools Society, which is registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act (1860).[2]

In 2008, in his Union Budget the Finance minister, P Chidambaram, allocated 2 crore to each of the 25 Sainik schools, to counter rising attrition in the defence forces, especially at the officer level.[4]

Sainik schools are ordinary citizen's public school where deserving students get high-quality education irrespective of their income or class background. Seats are reserved for children of SC/ST and serving/retired defence personnel.

The objective of the Sainik Schools is to prepare the students to lead as officers in the Defence Services of the country. The schools select bright and promising students through an All India Sainik School Entrance Examination (AISSEE) and focus on moulding their overall personality with emphasis on extracurricular activities.

Sainik schools resources allow cadets to develop their skills in sports, academics and other extracurricular activities. Infrastructure in Sainik Schools include running tracks, cross-country tracks, indoor games, parade grounds, boxing rings, firing ranges, canoeing clubs, horse riding clubs, mountaineering clubs, trekking and hiking club, obstacles courses, football, hockey and cricket fields, as well as volleyball and basketball courts. Cadets also become a part of NCC. A cadet who completes their 12th standard usually possess a NCC B certificate.

Cadets are assigned to houses. They are classified as sub-juniors, juniors and seniors respectively depending upon their class of study. Cadets compete in sports, physical training, academics, cross country, drill and various other competitions to win their house trophy.

Sainik Schools Society

The Sainik Schools Society is an organisation under the Ministry of Defence. The Chief Executive Body of the Sainik Schools Society is a Board of Governors functioning under the Chairmanship of the Defence Minister. For exercising closer control and supervision over the affairs of Sainik Schools there is an Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of Defence Secretary. The day-to-day work of the Society is managed by JS (Trg) & Hony Secretary who is assisted by Inspecting Officers, DS (Trg), Under Secretary, Sainik Schools Society (Sainik School Cell). The staff for the cell is provided by the MoD. The local administration of the school is looked after by a Local Board of Administration whose Chairman is the GoC-in-C of the concerned Command where the Sainik School is located.

Sainik Schools

Existing Sainik Schools under Sainik Schools Society, MOD

List of Existing Sainik Schools[5]
No State Location Established date
1 Andhra Pradesh[6] Korukonda 18-Jan-1962
2 Andhra Pradesh[7] Kalikiri 20-Aug-2014
3 Arunachal Pradesh[8] East Siang 2018
4 Assam[9] Goalpara 12-Nov-1964
5 Bihar[10] Nalanda 12-Oct-2003
6 Bihar[11] Gopalganj 12-Oct-2003
7 Chhattisgarh[12] Ambikapur 01-Sep-2008
8 Gujarat[13] Balachadi 08-Jul-1961
9 Haryana[14] Kunjpura 24-Jul-1961
10 Haryana[15] Rewari 29-Aug-2009
11 Himachal Pradesh[16] Sujanpur Tihra 02-Nov-1978
12 Jammu & Kashmir[17] Nagrota 22-Aug-1970
13 Jharkhand[18] Tilaiya 16-Sep-1963
14 Karnataka[19] Bijapur 16-Sep-1963
15 Karnataka[20] Kodagu 18-Oct-2007
16 Kerala[21] Kazhakootam 26-Jan-1962
17 Madhya Pradesh[22] Rewa 20-Jul-1962
18 Maharashtra[23] Satara 23-June-1961
19 Maharashtra[24] Chandrapur 2019
20 Manipur[25] Imphal 07-Oct-1971
21 Mizoram[26] Chhingchhip 21 April 2017
22 Nagaland[27] Punglwa 02-Apr-2007
23 Odisha[28] Bhubaneswar 01-Feb-1962
24 Odisha[29] Sambalpur 2020
25 Punjab[30] Kapurthala 08-Jul-1961
26 Rajasthan[31] Chittorgarh 07-Aug-1961
27 Rajasthan[32] Jhunjhunu 13-Dec-2012
28 Tamil Nadu[33] Amaravathinagar 16-Jul-1962
29 Uttarakhand[34] Ghorakhal 21-Mar-1966
30 Uttar Pradesh[35] Jhansi 02-Aug-2019
31 Uttar Pradesh[36] Mainpuri 2019
32 Uttar Pradesh[37] Amethi 2020
33 West Bengal[38] Purulia 29-Jan-1962

Sainik School, Manasbal

Uttar Pradesh - Sainik School, Lucknow

Sainik School Lucknow was established in July 1960. The only one of the Sainik Schools to be administered by the State Government, the alumni of which, Captain Manoj Pandey, posthumously received Param Veer Chakra. It was the first Sainik School in the country, and was followed by the setting up of other Sainik Schools, under the Ministry of Defence, Government of India, on the same lines. The education in this school is subsidised by the Government of Uttar Pradesh. It is a residential English medium school affiliated to CBSE Board.

The school is run by the Uttar Pradesh Sainik Schools Society, which is registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act (1860). It is the only Sainik School which is completely financed and managed by the State Government.

Proposed Sainik Schools

  1. Sainik School, Jaipur, Rajasthan
  2. Sainik School, Godda, Jharkhand
  3. Sainik School, Alwar, Rajasthan[39]
  4. Sainik School, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh
  5. Sainik School, Matanhail at Matanhail in Jhajjar district was announced by the Haryana government in 2018. Foundation stone was laid in 2003 by the then Defence Minister George Fernandes, but no progress was made. In 2018, with the efforts of Haryana Finance Minister, Captain Abhimanyu, the BJP Government of Haryana agreed to provide funds and 100 acre land in Matanhail and Rudiyawas villages for the establishment of this school.[40] With this Haryana will be only state in India with 3 sainik schools.[41]
  6. Sainik School, Pali, Rajasthan
  7. Sainik School, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh
  8. Sainik School, Mumbai, Maharashtra
  9. Sainik School, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
  10. Sainik School Dausa, Rajasthan
  11. Sainik School Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
  12. Sainik School Udaipur, Rajasthan
  13. Sainik School, Kashmir
  14. Sainik School, Leh
  15. Sainik School, Port Blair
  16. Sainik School, Silvassa Dadra and Nagar Haveli and daman & Diu

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced during Budget 2021 that 100 new Sainik schools will be set up across the country in partnership with private schools and NGOs[citation needed].

See also


  1. ^ "official website of ministry of defence, government of india".
  2. ^ a b "Sainik Schools Society".
  3. ^ a b c d e "Don't rush into Sainik School public-private partnership. It can dilute and corrupt".
  4. ^ Budget bounty lifts spirits at Sainik schools The Economic Times, March 5, 2008
  5. ^ "Establishment of Sainik Schools". 2018-02-05.
  6. ^ "Sainik School Korukonda - Home".
  7. ^ "Sainik School Kalikiri".
  8. ^ "Sainik School East Siang".
  9. ^ Sainik School Goalpara, Assam
  10. ^ "HOME".
  11. ^ "Sainik School Gopalganj".
  13. ^ Official website of Sainik School, Balachadi
  14. ^ "Sainik School Kunjpura -".
  15. ^ Administrator. "Welcome to Sainik School Rewari".
  16. ^ "Welcome To Sainik School Sujanpur Tira".
  17. ^ "Sainik School Nagrota – Gyan, Veerta, Anushasan".
  19. ^ "SAINIK SCHOOL BIJAPUR – ( Under The Ministry Of Defence )".
  20. ^ "Sainik School Kodagu - Home".
  21. ^ Official website of Sainik School, Trivandrum
  22. ^ ":: SAINIK SCHOOL REWA ::".
  23. ^ "Official website of Sainik School, Satara".
  24. ^ "Sainik School Chandrapur".
  25. ^ "c_about_sainik_schools".
  26. ^ "Sainik School Chhingchhip".
  27. ^ "SSPN Home".
  28. ^ "SainikSchool Bhubaneswar - (Seva, Kartyab, Gyana, Virta)".
  29. ^ "Sainik School Sambalpur".
  30. ^ "Official website of Sainik School, Kapurthala".
  31. ^ "Official website of Sainik School, Chittorgarh". Archived from the original on 2006-07-08.
  32. ^ "Sainik School Jhunjhunu".
  33. ^ "Sainik School Amaravathinagar - Index".
  34. ^ "Official website of Sainik School Ghorakhal".
  35. ^ "Sainik School Jhansi".
  36. ^ "Sainik School Mainpuri".
  37. ^ "Sainik School Amethi".
  38. ^ "Sainik School Purulia".
  39. ^ "In-principle approval for 3 Sainik schools in UP, 2 in Rajasthan". Zee News. 2014-07-25.
  40. ^ Matanhail Of Jhajjar District In Haryana Will Have The Third Sainik School Of The State As The Government Will Provide Land And Budget For Its Construction Soon., Public Relations Haryana, Govt of Haryana, 2018.
  41. ^ Haryana’s nod to land, budget for third Sainik School, Times of India, July 2018.