Saint-Genis-Laval
The « château de La Tour »
Location of Saint-Genis-Laval
Saint-Genis-Laval
Saint-Genis-Laval
Saint-Genis-Laval
Saint-Genis-Laval
Coordinates: 45°41′46″N 4°47′35″E / 45.696°N 4.793°E / 45.696; 4.793Coordinates: 45°41′46″N 4°47′35″E / 45.696°N 4.793°E / 45.696; 4.793
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
MetropolisMetropolis of Lyon
ArrondissementLyon
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Marylène Millet[1]
Area
1
12.92 km2 (4.99 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
21,019
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
69204 /69230
Elevation169–307 m (554–1,007 ft)
(avg. 270 m or 890 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Genis-Laval (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃ ʒəni laval]) is a commune in the metropolis of Lyon in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of eastern France.

The Lyon Observatory is located in this commune.

History

Saint-Genis-Laval draws its name from Saint Genis or Genest, a Roman actor tortured under Diocletian. At the beginning of the 13th century, to differentiate it of other villages of the same name, the town added a qualitative to its name, «of the valley», which in the 15th century became "Laval".[3]

The first mention of the settlement of Saint-Genis dates back to 807, a year the archbishop Leidrade donated to the hospitals of Saint-Roman and Saint-Genis. In 984 the parish of Saint-Genis was first mentioned as part of properties of the archbishop of Lyon, in the census of the 52 parishes of the metropolitan Church in Lyon. Little by little, the archbishop assigned his belongings to the Canons of the Lyon Cathedral. The canons would go on to build a castle on the highest part of the village, where the church now stands. In the 13th century they fortified the village, and in 1447 they rebuilt the surrounding wall. The current layout of the city center still features an ancient tower in the garden of the vicarage (for a long time a prison) between the delimitation of the medieval village and the remnants of the wall, ; the northern port (restored in the 18th century) and, ensconced in houses, the rue des Halles.[4]

The cannons of Saint-Jean held a fortified manor, in the territory of Laye, where Pope Clement V went to repose in 1306, after his coronation in the Church of Saint-Just à Lyon. Nothing remains of the manor. From the 13th century onward the pilgrimage to Notre-Dame-de-Beaunant attracted crowds: there remains a chapel there, rebuilt at the end of the previous century at the site of the miraculous spring. In November 1434, Saint-Genis was occupied by the Burgundians. The castle of Beauregard, the residence of Thomas de Gedagne, a Florentine banker, received King Charles IX of France and his court in 1564. Of the castle, only a few parts of the wall remain, but the gardens, terraces, and Nymphaeum still suggest an idea of the place's beauty. Today it is a municipal park.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 2,393—    
1800 2,114−1.76%
1806 2,088−0.21%
1821 1,895−0.64%
1831 2,092+0.99%
1836 2,031−0.59%
1841 2,171+1.34%
1846 2,525+3.07%
1851 2,518−0.06%
1856 2,580+0.49%
1861 2,724+1.09%
1866 2,817+0.67%
1872 2,446−2.33%
1876 2,942+4.72%
1881 3,650+4.41%
1886 3,702+0.28%
1891 3,447−1.42%
1896 3,435−0.07%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 3,431−0.02%
1906 2,944−3.02%
1911 3,195+1.65%
1921 3,524+0.98%
1926 3,931+2.21%
1931 4,499+2.74%
1936 4,602+0.45%
1946 5,029+0.89%
1954 5,914+2.05%
1962 6,141+0.47%
1968 7,128+2.52%
1975 13,162+9.16%
1982 14,353+1.25%
1990 18,782+3.42%
1999 19,221+0.26%
2007 20,313+0.69%
2012 20,632+0.31%
2017 21,217+0.56%
Source: EHESS[5] and INSEE (1968-2017)[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui [archive] sur le site de l'École des hautes études en sciences sociales.
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui [archive] sur le site de l'École des hautes études en sciences sociales.
  5. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Saint-Genis-Laval, EHESS. (in French)
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE