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Gotthard Massif
German: Gotthardmassiv
Pizzo Rotondo
Highest point
PeakPizzo Rotondo
Elevation3,192 m (10,472 ft)
Dimensions
Length30 km (19 mi)
Geography
CountrySwitzerland
CantonsGraubünden, Ticino, Uri and Valais
Parent rangeLepontine Alps
Borders onBernese Alps, Uri Alps and Glarus Alps

The Gotthard Massif, also Saint-Gotthard Massif (German: Gotthardmassiv or Sankt-Gotthard-Massiv) is a mountain range in the Alps in Switzerland, located at the border of four cantons: Valais, Ticino, Uri and Graubünden. It is delimited by the Nufenen Pass on the west, by the Furka Pass and the Oberalp Pass on the north and by the Lukmanier Pass on the east. The homonymous Gotthard Pass, lying at the heart of the massif, is the main route from north to south (excluding tunnels).

The region of the Gotthard lies at the heart of the Swiss Alps, often referred to as the "water tower of Europe". Three major rivers take their source in the Gotthard Massif: the Reuss, Rhine and Ticino. A fourth river, the Rhône, takes its source in very close proximity of the massif, just north of the Furka Pass. A trekking itinerary, the Vier-Quellen-Weg ("four springs trail"), crosses the Gotthard Massif.[1]

Peaks

The highest peaks of the massif are Pizzo Rotondo[2] (3,192 m) in the southwest, Pizzo Centrale (2,999 m) near the centre and Piz Gannaretsch (3,040 m) in the northeast. There is no peak named Gotthard.

Tunnels

There are three long tunnels traversing the Gotthard Massif:

References

  1. ^ Vier-Quellen-Weg, schweizmobil.ch
  2. ^ Karl Baedeker, Switzerland and the Adjacent Portions of Italy, Savoy, and Tyrol, 1911, p. 154

Coordinates: 46°38′28″N 8°25′06″E / 46.64111°N 8.41833°E / 46.64111; 8.41833