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Saint-Pierre
Aerial view of Saint-Pierre
Aerial view of Saint-Pierre
Flag of Saint-Pierre
Coat of arms of Saint-Pierre
Saint Pierre and Miquelon map.gif
Location of Saint-Pierre
Coordinates: 46°46′40″N 56°10′40″W / 46.7778°N 56.1778°W / 46.7778; -56.1778Coordinates: 46°46′40″N 56°10′40″W / 46.7778°N 56.1778°W / 46.7778; -56.1778
CountryFrance
Overseas collectivitySaint Pierre and Miquelon
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Yannick Cambray
Area
1
25 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
5,394
 • Density220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−03:00
 • Summer (DST)UTC−02:00
INSEE/Postal code
97502 /97500
Elevation0–207 m (0–679 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Pierre is the capital of the French overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, off the coast of the Canadian island of Newfoundland. Saint-Pierre is the more populous of the two communes (municipalities) making up Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

Etymology

The commune is named after Saint Peter, who is one of the patron saints of fishermen.[2]

Geography

The commune of Saint-Pierre is made up of the island of Saint-Pierre proper and several nearby smaller islands, such as L'Île-aux-Marins. Although containing nearly 90% of the inhabitants of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the commune of Saint-Pierre is considerably smaller in terms of area than the commune of Miquelon-Langlade, which lies to its northwest on Miquelon Island.

The main settlement and communal seat is situated on the north side of a harbour called Barachois, which faces the Atlantic Ocean, on the Saint-Pierre Island's east coast. The mouth of the harbour is guarded by a small chain of islands.

History

Jacques Cartier claimed the islands for France in 1536, after they were discovered by the Portuguese in 1520. At the end of the Seven Years' War in 1763, the islands were turned over to Britain, only to be given back to France in 1816.

Saint-Pierre was an outpost used to transport alcohol from Canada to the United States during Prohibition.[3]

Until 1945, there existed a third commune in Saint Pierre and Miquelon: L'Île-aux-Marins. The commune of L'Île-aux-Marins was annexed by the commune of Saint-Pierre in 1945.

Demographics

The population of Saint-Pierre in 2019 was 5,394,[1] many of whom are of Basque, Breton, Norman or Acadian descent.[citation needed] All inhabitants in the commune live on the island of Saint-Pierre proper.

Government

The commune is led by a mayor and a council. The current mayor, elected in 2020, is Yannick Cambray.[4]

Saint-Pierre under snow.
Saint-Pierre under snow.
Saint-Pierre on a cloudy day.
Saint-Pierre on a cloudy day.

Landmarks

Close to the centre of the harbour's edge lie the Post office and Custom House (staffed by Directorate-General of Customs and Indirect Taxes), behind which is General Charles de Gaulle Square, the town's centre.

Other prominent landmarks include the St. Pierre Cathedral, to the north of the square, rebuilt from 1905 to 1907 after a major fire, and the Pointe aux Canons Lighthouse, at the mouth of the harbour. Further north, close to the town's former hospital, is the Fronton Zazpiak Bat - an arena for the traditional Basque sport of pelota.

Services

The François Dunan Hospital Centre (opened in 2011[5]) is the only hospital in Saint Pierre and Miquelon. There is an attached senior home offering health services at the Maison de retraite Eglantine.[6]

Additionally, there is a municipal library, opened in the 1970s, and a municipal sailing school, opened in 1986.[7]

Transportation

Saint-Pierre Airport, the international airport of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, is located south of the settlement of Saint-Pierre and is served by Air Saint-Pierre with flights both to Miquelon Airport, five Canadian airports and seasonal service to Paris.

Radio and television

Education

Public primary schools in the commune:[8]

Lycée-Collège d'État Émile Letournel is the public secondary school in the commune, with junior high, vocational high, and general senior high/sixth-form programmes.

Private schools:

Twin towns

Saint-Pierre has been twinned with Port-en-Bessin-Huppain (France) since 1976.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019, INSEE
  2. ^ "Saint Pierre and Miquelon", The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 2022-05-10, retrieved 2022-05-18
  3. ^ Wortman, Marc (January 17, 2018). "This Tiny French Archipelago Became America's Alcohol Warehouse During Prohibition". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 2022-05-18.
  4. ^ Ministère de l'Intérieur. "Résultats des élections municipales et communautaires 2020". interieur.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2022-05-18.
  5. ^ "Centre Hospitalier François Dunan - Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon - Hôpitaux Et Cliniques - TLR et ASSOCIES - Architecture Bordeaux". www.tlr-associes.com. Archived from the original on April 9, 2012. Retrieved 2021-12-18.
  6. ^ "Présentation de la maison de retraite". www.ch-fdunan.fr (in French). Retrieved 2022-05-18.
  7. ^ "Loisirs et Culture". Ville de Saint-Pierre (in French). Retrieved 2022-05-18.
  8. ^ "Établissements Publics - Service de l'éducation nationale de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon". www.ac-spm.fr (in French). Retrieved 2022-05-18.
  9. ^ "172 élèves. Evaluation en CE2." Ecole élémentaire du Feu Rouge. Retrieved on September 14, 2016.
  10. ^ "Contact." Ecole élémentaire du Feu Rouge. Retrieved on September 14, 2016. "L'école élémentaire du Feu Rouge est située au centre-ville de Saint-Pierre à une encablure de l'école maternelle l'Ile aux Enfants." Address: "Ecole élémentaire du Feu Rouge 28, rue Louis Pasteur, BP 4234 St Pierre et Miquelon, 97500 "
  11. ^ "Ecole maternelle privée Saint Louis de Gonzague de Saint pierre (9750020Y)". L'Annuaire de l'éducation (in French). Retrieved 2022-05-18.
  12. ^ "Ecole élémentaire privée ste Croisine de Saint pierre (9750012P)". L'Annuaire de l'éducation (in French). Retrieved 2022-05-18.
  13. ^ "Ecole élémentaire privée Sainte -Odile de Saint pierre (9750023B)". L'Annuaire de l'éducation (in French). Retrieved 2022-05-18.
  14. ^ Home. Collège Saint Christophe. Retrieved on September 14, 2016.
  15. ^ "Jumelages". Archived from the original on 2019-04-08. Retrieved 2012-06-06.