Saldanha man
Saldanha skull, Smithsonian Natural History Museum
Common nameSaldanha man
SpeciesHomo heidelbergensis
Place discoveredHopefield, South Africa
Date discovered8 January 1953
Discovered byKeith Jolly and Ronald Singer

Saldanha man also known as Saldanha cranium or Elandsfontein cranium are fossilized remains of an archaic human. It is one of the key specimens for Homo heidelbergensis. It has not been dated directly, and is estimated to be roughly 0.5 million years old.[1] The remains, which included a fragment of lower jaw, were found on an exposed surface between shifting sand dunes on the farm Elandsfontein, which is located near Hopefield, South Africa.

It was found associated with a variety of fossil vertebrates, and initially classified as Homo saldanensis (Drennan 1955). Singer (1954) noted close resemblance to Kabwe 1 and LH 18.[2] Comparison with Kabwe 1 specifically, and thus classification as African H. heidelbergensis (H. rhodesiensis) was also regularly supported by later authors.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b Schwartz, Jeffrey H.; Tattersall, Ian (2005-03-11). The Human Fossil Record, Craniodental Morphology of Genus Homo (Africa and Asia). John Wiley & Sons. p. 248–255. ISBN 9780471326441..
  2. ^ Singer, Ronald (1954). "The saldanha skull from Hopefield, South Africa". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 12 (3): 345–62. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330120309. PMID 13207329. Archived from the original on 2011-08-13.

Coordinates: 33°05′30″S 18°14′20″E / 33.09167°S 18.23889°E / -33.09167; 18.23889