Salesforce Tower
Salesforce Tower from Salesforce Park.jpg
Salesforce Tower is located in San Francisco
Salesforce Tower
Salesforce Tower
Location in San Francisco
Salesforce Tower is located in California
Salesforce Tower
Salesforce Tower
Location in California
Salesforce Tower is located in the United States
Salesforce Tower
Salesforce Tower
Location in United States
Former namesTransbay Tower
Record height
Tallest in San Francisco since 2018[I]
Preceded byTransamerica Pyramid
General information
TypeCommercial offices, retail
Location415 Mission Street
San Francisco, California
Coordinates37°47′24″N 122°23′49″W / 37.7899°N 122.3969°W / 37.7899; -122.3969Coordinates: 37°47′24″N 122°23′49″W / 37.7899°N 122.3969°W / 37.7899; -122.3969
Construction started2013 (2013)
OpeningJanuary 8, 2018
CostUS$1.1 billion
OwnerBoston Properties (100%)
Height1,070 ft (326 m)[1]
Technical details
Floor count61
Floor area1,600,000 sq ft (150,000 m2)
Design and construction
ArchitectPelli Clarke Pelli Architects
DeveloperHines Interests Limited Partnership & Boston Properties
EngineerMagnusson Klemencic Associates
Main contractorClark Construction Group /
Hathaway Dinwiddie (joint venture)

Salesforce Tower, formerly known as the Transbay Tower, is a 1,070-foot (326 m)[1] office skyscraper in the South of Market district of downtown San Francisco, completed in 2018. It is located at 415 Mission Street between First and Fremont streets, next to the Transbay Transit Center site. Salesforce Tower is the centerpiece of the San Francisco Transbay redevelopment plan. The plan contains a mix of office, transportation, retail, and residential uses. This was the last building designed by César Pelli to be completed in his lifetime.

Upon its completion in 2018, it became the tallest skyscraper in the San Francisco skyline, with a top roof height of 970 feet (296 m) and overall height of 1,070 feet (326 m), surpassing the 853 feet (260 m) Transamerica Pyramid. It is also the second-tallest building west of the Mississippi River after the 1,100 feet (335 m) Wilshire Grand Center in Los Angeles. The Salesforce Tower is taller than the Wilshire Grand if decorative spires are excluded,[11][12] and with a taller roofline than Los Angeles' U.S. Bank Tower, the Salesforce tower is tallest according to roofline.[13]


Developer Hines Interests Limited Partnership, with a proposal by architect César Pelli of Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects,[14] was selected as the winner of a global competition in 2007 to entitle and purchase the site. A seven-member jury of development experts assembled by the Transbay Joint Powers Authority (TJPA) selected Hines over proposals from Forest City Enterprises and architect Richard Rogers; and from Rockefeller Development Group Corp. and Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.[15] In 2012, Boston Properties acquired a 50% stake in the project and in 2013 acquired most of Hines' remaining interest to become 95% owners of the project.[16]

The site of the tower was in a dilapidated area, formerly used as a ground-level entrance to the San Francisco Transbay Terminal, which was demolished in 2011. The TJPA sold the parcel to Boston Properties and Hines for US$192 million,[17] and ceremonial groundbreaking for the new tower occurred on March 27, 2013, with below-grade construction work starting in late 2013.[18][19] The project is a joint venture between general contractors Clark Construction and Hathaway Dinwiddie Construction.[19][20]

The development was originally contracted on spec, as Hines did not have a major tenant lease secured beforehand. On April 11, 2014, announced that it signed a lease for 714,000 square feet (66,300 m2) to become the building's anchor tenant.[10] Previously known as the Transbay Tower, the building was renamed Salesforce Tower.[21] The lease was valued at US$560 million over 15 and a half years starting in 2017.[22]

The tower opened in 2018 and has 61 floors, with a decorative crown reaching 1,070 ft (326 m). The original proposal called for a 1,200-foot (370 m) tower, but the height was later reduced.[9] The building's first tenants began moving in on January 8, 2018. Upon opening, the building was 97% leased to tenants including Salesforce, Covington & Burling, WeWork, Bain & Company, Accenture, McDermott Will & Emery and Hellman & Friedman.[23]

In May 2019, Boston Properties bought out Hines' remaining 5% stake in the building to become the sole owner and operator.[24]


Detail of the curtain wall façade
Detail of the curtain wall façade

The Salesforce Tower consists of a glass and steel curtain wall, surrounding a structural steel frame, which surrounds a reinforced concrete core.[25] The building is enclosed in a lattice consisting of white aluminum fins and perforated sunshades, which reach out as much as two feet beyond the glass skin.[26] The tower's silhouette is smoothly tapering off toward the top.[26]

In 2017, Pelli stated that the aim had been something "very tall, very big, but still polite and appropriate."[26]

The footprint of Salesforce Tower rests on land fill near San Francisco's original waterfront, an area prone to soil liquefaction during earthquakes. To account for this seismic risk, the tower uses a design that is modeled to withstand the strongest earthquakes expected in the region.[27] Its foundation includes 42 piles driven down nearly 300 feet (91 m) to bedrock and a 14-foot (4.3 m) thick foundation mat.[28]

The 61st floor is known as the "Ohana Floor" and serves as an observation deck and lounge for Salesforce employees and guests.[29] It is made available for use by nonprofits on evenings and weekends.[citation needed] On February 5, 2019, the company announced and opened advance registration for public tours of the "Ohana Floor" once every month starting February 23.[30] The building's top 150 feet above the 61st floor have been described as "largely ornamental".[26]

The Transbay Transit Center is located directly adjacent to the building, and is connected to the park level by a bridge on the 5th floor.[31]


At the time of the building's opening in January 2018, the San Francisco Chronicle's architecture critic John King characterized it as "Immense but understated. Overwhelming yet refined. A study in thick-walled minimalism that seems to hover more than soar. All of which makes for a nuanced tower, conscientious and self-assured even as it reorients the skyline and redefines San Francisco’s visual image."[26] King also reported that "[a]rchitecture buffs already dismiss Salesforce Tower as old hat, another Pelli Clarke Pelli shaft with a tapered silhouette — just like the International Finance Centre in Hong Kong or Torre Costanera in Santiago, Chile" (the tallest building in South America).[26] However, he defended it against such criticism, pointing out differences like the Salesforce Tower's "smooth ascent".[26]

On 10 April 2019, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) named Salesforce Tower as the “Best Tall Building Worldwide" for 2019.[32][33]

In popular culture

Films & TV series

Video games



See also


  1. ^ a b "Salesforce Tower - Clark Construction". Clark Construction Group, LLC.
  2. ^ "Project Description: 101 First Street (Transbay Tower)" (PDF). San Francisco Planning Commission. October 4, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  3. ^ Salesforce Tower at Emporis
  4. ^ "Salesforce Tower". SkyscraperPage.
  5. ^ Salesforce Tower at Structurae
  6. ^ "Pelli Clarke Pelli Transbay Tower Description". Archived from the original on May 19, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  7. ^ King, John (August 12, 2007). "Plan B: Architects: Pelli Clarke Pelli". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 23, 2007.
  8. ^ King, John (September 21, 2007). "'Aggressive schedule' for proposed Transbay transit center, tower (picture)". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 17, 2008.
  9. ^ a b "Yes, The Proposed Transbay Transit Tower Shrank A Hundred Feet". SocketSite. March 12, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b "Boston Properties Signs a 714,000 Square Foot Lease with at Salesforce Tower (Formerly Transbay Tower)" (Press release). The Registry. April 11, 2014.
  11. ^ "LA vs SF in Battle for Tallest Building". January 26, 2015. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  12. ^ Slayton, Nicholas (September 12, 2016). "An Amazing View of the Wilshire Grand Spire". Los Angeles Downtown News. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
  13. ^ "Tall Buildings in Numbers: Tallest Helipads". CTBUH Journal, 2014 Issue II. The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
  14. ^ "Buildings in the United States made with steel". Reach New Heights with Steel. April 30, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  15. ^ King, John (September 10, 2007). "Jury names favorite for Transbay terminal, tower". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  16. ^ Dineen, J.K. (March 19, 2013). "Boston Properties takes control of Transbay Tower, S.F.'s tallest building". Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  17. ^ "Boston Properties and Hines Close on Record Land Sale for Transbay Transit Tower Parcel" (Press release). BusinessWire. March 26, 2013.
  18. ^ Dineen, J.K. (March 27, 2013). "Hines, Boston Properties sling ceremonial dirt in Transbay ground-breaking". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  19. ^ a b "Clark to Build San Francisco's Transbay Tower" (Press release). August 12, 2013. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  20. ^ Rosato Jr., Joe (March 28, 2013). "The Man Behind the New Transbay Tower". NBC Bay Area. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  21. ^ Ellen Huet and John Coté (April 11, 2014). "Salesforce makes landmark deal to lease half of Transbay Tower". San Francisco Chronicle.((cite news)): CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  22. ^ Hoge, Patrick (April 11, 2014). "Salesforce dominates Transbay Tower with San Francisco's biggest lease ever". San Francisco Business Times.
  23. ^ Torres, Blanca (January 10, 2018). "San Francisco's tallest building, Salesforce Tower, opens at 97 percent leased". San Francisco Business Times.
  24. ^ Peterson, Jon (May 9, 2019). "Boston Properties takes full control of Salesforce Tower as Hines sells out". IPE RA. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  25. ^ "ESCSI Salesforce Towerdate=29 November 2017". November 29, 2017.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g King, John (January 9, 2018). "Salesforce Tower - underwhelming despite its size". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  27. ^ "The Salesforce Tower Utilizes a "Performance-based Seismic Design"". Conco. December 20, 2015. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  28. ^ Stockton, Nick (November 11, 2015). "It Took 18 Hours to Pour the Foundation for San Francisco's Tallest Skyscraper". WIRED.
  29. ^ Keeling, Brock (September 24, 2018). "Here's the view from Salesforce Tower's Ohana Floor". Curbed San Francisco.
  30. ^ "Salesforce Tower Tours".
  31. ^ "San Francisco Transbay Transit Center Reopens Without Bus Service". CBS News San Francisco Bay Area. July 1, 2019. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  32. ^ "CTBUH Names 2019 Best Tall Building Worldwide, Among 20 Other Award Winners!". April 10, 2019. Archived from the original on May 29, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  33. ^ Cogley, Bridget (April 12, 2019). "CTBUH names San Francisco's Salesforce Tower world's "best tall building". Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  34. ^ "Salesforce on Twitter". Twitter. November 12, 2014. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
  35. ^ "Hines: In case you missed it..." Facebook. September 4, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  36. ^ Pereira, Alyssa (April 24, 2018). "Here are the San Francisco locations we spotted in Marvel's new 'Venom' trailer". Archived from the original on July 29, 2019. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  37. ^ "How video game makers build a better SF, pixel by pixel". December 23, 2016.
  38. ^ Whiting, Sam (September 13, 2017). "Preview of Salesforce sculpture at Hosfelt Gallery". SF Gate. Retrieved September 14, 2017.
  39. ^ Heller, Nathan (May 25, 2018). "The Bright Lights of the Salesforce Tower". The New Yorker. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  40. ^ "Fiery Eye of Sauron stares down San Francisco from atop Salesforce Tower -". November 1, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  41. ^ "San Francisco - 21043 | Architecture | LEGO Shop". Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  42. ^ "Person Climbs Salesforce Tower in San Francisco". Retrieved May 3, 2022.