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A salinometer

A salinometer is a device designed to measure the salinity, or dissolved salt content, of a solution.

Since the salinity affects both the electrical conductivity and the specific gravity of a solution, a salinometer often consist of an ec meter or hydrometer and some means of converting those readings to a salinity reading. A salinometer may be calibrated in either micromhos, a unit of electrical conductivity, (usually 0-22) or else directly calibrated for salt in 'grains per gallon' (0-0.5).[1] A typical reading on-board ship would be 2 micromhos or 0.05 grains per gallon. A reading of twice this may trigger a warning light or alarm.[1]

Applications

Fresh water generators (Evaporators) use salinometers on the distillate discharge in order to gauge the quality of the water. Water from the evaporator can be destined for potable water supplies, so salty water is not desirable for human consumption.

In some ships, extremely high quality distillate is required for use in water-tube boilers, where salt water would be disastrous. In these ships, a salinometer is also installed on the feed system where it would alert the engineer to any salt contamination. The salinometer may switch the evaporator's output from fresh-water to feed-water tanks automatically, depending on the water quality.[2] The higher quality (lower salinity) is required for the boiler feedwater, not for drinking.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Naval Marine Engineering Practice. later replacement for the Stokers Manual. Vol. 1. Royal Navy, via HMSO. 1971 [First published 1959]. pp. 98–99. ISBN 0-11-770223-4.
  2. ^ Naval Marine Engineering Practice 1971, pp. 212-213