Salma is located in Syria
Coordinates: 35°41′24″N 36°8′12″E / 35.69000°N 36.13667°E / 35.69000; 36.13667
Country Syria
 (2004 census)[1]
 • Total2,131
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Salma (Arabic: سَلْمَىٰ, romanizedSalmā) is a village in northwestern Syria, administratively part of the Latakia Governorate, located northeast of Latakia. Nearby localities include Mashqita and Ayn al-Bayda to the west, al-Haffah to the southwest, Aramo and Slinfah 12 km to the south, and Kinsabba to the north. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, Salma had a population of 2,131 in the 2004 census.[1] Its inhabitants and those of the Jabal al-Akrad area are predominantly Sunni Muslims, although about 80% of the Latakia District's residents are Alawites.[2]

Salma is well known for its dry climate and its plentiful clean water. It is situated about 800 meters above sea level.[3] Prior to the Baathist takeover of Syria in the 1960s, Salma was one of the few places in the coastal mountain region to be electrified and connected to a grid.[4]

Syrian civil war

Main article: Syrian Civil War

During the Syrian civil war, as of late July 2012 the FSA controlled the town, whose population has mostly left (part to Latakia city and part to Turkey). The FSA said that they were able to hold on to Salma thanks to its mountainous nature and the fact that it is surrounded by Sunni villages.[5] It was on the front line of fighting in Latakia Governorate between rebels and government forces for a lengthy period of time.[6] In November 2013, reporter Jonathan Steele claimed that the town was the Latakia governorate headquarters of both al-Nusra Front and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[7]

On 9 November 2015, it was reported that for over a month the Syrian Armed Forces had conducted several small military operations inside the Latakia Governorate in order to prepare for a much larger battle that was expected to take place in the rebel stronghold of Salma. By the end of November, the capture of Kafr Dulbeh and Katf Al-Ghaddar had brought the Syrian Armed Forces forces to the gates of Salma.[8] On 12 January 2016, the Syrian army with allies recaptured the town of Salma and the nearby village of Tirtyah.[9][10] Rebels said the town was subjected to intense Russian airstrikes and that most remaining residents had fled towards the Turkish border.[11]


  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Latakia Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. ^ Balanche, 2006, p. 60.
  3. ^ Guide Arabe Pour Le Commerce, L'industrie & Les Professions Libérales Dans Les Pays Arabes. (1972). Page 12.
  4. ^ Balanche, 2006, p. 88.
  5. ^ Syrian Young men take up arms in Syria's west, Al Jazeera, Aug 29, 2012
  6. ^ Sherlock, Ruth. Syrian rebels cut off Bashar al-Assad’s escape route. The Daily Telegraph. 2012-12-17.
  7. ^ Jonathan Steele (2 October 2013). "Syria: massacre reports emerge from Assad's Alawite heartland". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  8. ^ Leith Fadel (9 November 2015). "Syrian Army Prepares for Massive Offensive in the Islamist Rebel Stronghold of Salma". almasdarnews. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  9. ^ بعد قصف وغارت عنيفة ومكثفة… قوات النظام وحزب الله اللبناني يسيطران بإشراف ضباط روس على بلدة سلمى الاستراتيجية في جبل الأكراد
  10. ^ Breaking: Syrian Army liberates the strategic town of Salma in northeast Latakia
  11. ^ Lacking reinforcements, rebel mountain stronghold falls to regime Syria: Direct 13 January 2016