Salsburgh
Salsburgh is located in North Lanarkshire
Salsburgh
Salsburgh
Location within North Lanarkshire
Population1,330 (mid-2020 est.)[1]
OS grid referenceNS825625
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSHOTTS
Postcode districtML7
Dialling code01698 870/1
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°50′29″N 3°52′41″W / 55.84136°N 3.87795°W / 55.84136; -3.87795Coordinates: 55°50′29″N 3°52′41″W / 55.84136°N 3.87795°W / 55.84136; -3.87795

Salsburgh is a semi-rural former coal mining village in greenbelt farmland within the district of North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The closest major towns to the village are Shotts, three miles (five kilometres) southeast, and Airdrie six miles (ten kilometres) northwest.

Salsburgh is perhaps best known for the Kirk O' Shott's Church, which sits on a hillock and is fairly visible as visitors enter the village from the east on the B7066 Whitburn to Newhouse road.

Founding

There has been a community in the area for over 600 years, although the present village dates back to 1729. At that time only a row of four houses existed, named "Muirhall, Girdhimstrait, Merchanthall and Craighead". Craighead was home to a Mr. Young and his wife Sally,[2] and when Young sold some of his land to construct more houses it was decided that it would be named "Sallysburgh". Through time the name was shortened to Salsburgh.

Streets around the village are named after significant natives from its past relating to industry, mining, farming and agriculture.

Coal mining

Duntilland

Duntilland Colliery began production in 1896 with a workforce of just under 200. Their main production was specializing in coal types of/in manufacturing, anthracite and steam. It closed in 1951 and was owned and operated by Coltness Iron Co. Ltd.

Fortissat

Fortissat Colliery began production in 1870 with a workforce of just under 300. Their main production was specializing in coal types of/in-house and steam. It closed in 1949 and was owned and operated by Shotts Iron Co. Ltd.

Ardenrigg

Ardenrigg Colliery began production in 1926 with a workforce of just under 300. Their main production was specializing in coal types of/in anthracite. It closed in 1963 and was owned and operated by Ardenrigg Coal Co. Ltd.

Dewshill

Dewshill Collierie began production in 1896. The population of their workforce is not known. Their main production was specializing in coal types of/in anthracite. It closed in 1943 after being redeveloped in 1923 and was owned and operated by Coltness Iron Co. Ltd. The pumping shaft eventually sunk in 1957.

Hirstrigg

Hirstrigg Collierie began production sometime around after 1880 with a work force of between 200 and 300. It is not known what coal type they specialized in. It was originally owned and operated by Hirst Coal Co. Ltd (Glasgow) then latterly became under the ownership of Garscube Coal Co. Ltd (Edinburgh). It closed sometime around the 1940s.[3]

Facilities

Kirk O' Shott's (Shottskirk) Public/Primary School

Kirk O' Shott's is the name of the local school which opened initially in 1700 in a rented building in the southern edge of the old Shottskirk churchyard; however, it was decided that a new school would be built opposite the church on what is now Newmill Canthill Road. It officially opened in 1799.

Due to an increase in school roll the original school was deemed no longer viable. A new school was built to the east end of the village and was opened in August 1912 as Shottskirk Public School,[4] which later reverted to its original roots as Kirk O' Shott's in 1958 as a junior / secondary school.

The school celebrated its centenary on 12 August 2012. Kirk O' Shott's remains a public school open to all denominations.

Kirk O' Shott's (Shottskirk) Parish Church

Kirk O' Shott's Parish Church is the name of the local church which serves the parish of Salsburgh, Shotts and surrounding area.[5] The church was formerly a Catholic place of worship under the name St. Catherines, taken from Catherine of Sienna.[6] About 550 years ago Bothwell and Shotts formed one parish which stretched from the Clyde to Linlithgowshire, and from the North to the South Calder. In this large area there were four places of worship, one of which was situated in the middle Bothwellmuir.

St. Catherine's Chapel was built in 1450. It was dedicated to "the blessed Virgin and Catherine of Sienna".

After the Reformation of 1560, Kirk o’Shotts, otherwise known as Shottskirk or the affectionately titled "M8 Church", became a Protestant place of worship. The old church of St Catherine's must have suffered many changes and required frequent changes since its foundation, but of these there is no account before 1640. In that year the Presbytery met at Shotts and ordered that the church be repaired and partly rebuilt, but it was more than eight years before the work was completed. The site of the old church is marked by the headstone erected to Samuel Meuros, who was session clerk and school master from 1794 to 1837. He was also Precentor, and it was his wish to be buried where his old desk had stood; thus he lies still at his post. On the back of the stone is the following inscription:

"Here stood the Precentor’s desk in the Kirk of Bertram Shotts which was rebuilt and extended in 1642".

This stone and the burial ground of the Inglises of Murdoston, which was inside the old church, give a clear idea of the site.

St. Catherine's Well / "Kate's Well"

St. Catherine's Well or "Kate's Well" is a natural holy spring well on holy ground at the foot of Kirk O'Shott's Parish Church,[7] otherwise known as Shottskirk, in the village of Salsburgh, North Lanarkshire. The well dates back to the 14th century and derives from the church's former past when it was a Catholic place of worship as St. Catherines Chapel which has origins from Catherine of Sienna.

Kate's Well was also the scene of the local legendary giant Bertram de Shotts' demise where his head was decapitated as he drank from the well.

Skate park

In November 2019 it was announced that funding would be released for a new skate park, to be located top end of the King George Fifth park off Bogfoot Road and Reid Street. Work commenced on the skate park in October 2021 and completed in early 2022.

Miner statue

In November 2019 it was also announced along with the new skate park, would be a new miner statue to commemorate the villages rich mining history. The statue location is being narrowed down to one of two locations, the first being the Jubilee Garden next to the community centre or the second being next to one of the village welcome gateways where it would be seen more prominently.

The Transmitters

Salsburgh is the locale of the twin BlackHill Transmitters due to its high position towering above the M8 motorway opposite the church. They can be seen as far as Bathgate, West Lothian to the east and Glasgow to the west. The transmitters are quite a prominent feature after dark for miles around, due to the coloured red lights which prevent aircraft from striking the towers.

The Kirk o'Shotts transmitting station is also nearby, which formerly carried a TV service and today carries DAB radio.

Pre-fabricated buildings

Salsburgh was one of the first places in Scotland to have a "pre-fab", a prefabricated home with corrugated steel walls built. The first pre-fab in the UK was built in the village in 1945.[8]

Schools and nurseries

Places of worship

Geography

Climate

Salsburgh has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Climate data for Salsburgh (277 m or 909 ft asl, averages 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
5.2
(41.4)
7.1
(44.8)
10.0
(50.0)
13.1
(55.6)
15.7
(60.3)
17.5
(63.5)
17.1
(62.8)
14.5
(58.1)
10.9
(51.6)
7.4
(45.3)
5.1
(41.2)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
0.1
(32.2)
1.1
(34.0)
2.7
(36.9)
5.4
(41.7)
8.0
(46.4)
9.9
(49.8)
9.7
(49.5)
8.0
(46.4)
5.1
(41.2)
2.4
(36.3)
0.5
(32.9)
4.4
(40.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 105.9
(4.17)
77.2
(3.04)
93.6
(3.69)
62.0
(2.44)
68.6
(2.70)
75.9
(2.99)
83.4
(3.28)
104.3
(4.11)
99.5
(3.92)
122.9
(4.84)
98.5
(3.88)
100.9
(3.97)
1,092.7
(43.03)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 17.1 12.8 15.7 12.9 12.5 12.9 13.5 14.7 13.9 16.9 16.1 15.5 174.5
Source: Met Office[9]

STV have reported several times from the village, most notably in relation to extreme weather conditions such as snow. Salsburgh also has a MET office weather Observation Station: (Lat: 55.8667 | Long: -3.8667).

Homes

Throughout the years there have been a variety of mixed styles of properties in the village, beginning with prefabs (prefabricated structures with tin roofs) which were then replaced with more substantial council authority brick-built homes.

The village today consists of detached, semi-detached, terraced, bungalows, cottages, miners' row cottages (most of which are council authority and/or privately owned former local authority properties) and also fully renovated former derelict properties and new builds such as Salsburgh Meadows and the new builds situated in sections of Main Street.

The mix of old (miners' rows) and new (Salsburgh Meadows) makes the village quaint and gives it a certain charm retaining the old buildings from years gone by.

Salsburgh is one of the only places in North Lanarkshire that does not have a gas main, as it was not cost effective when the pipes were being laid. Services are provided independently by oil/LPG and coal suppliers.

Most street names within the village have some significance to the village's history and/or former residents.

Landmarks

Other landmarks include the footbridge which crosses the B7066 main road, which was struck by a careless crane driver in 2009.[10] It was rebuilt and reopened in 2014.

Population

The 2001 United Kingdom census recorded a population of 1310. It was estimated as of 2018 that the village currently is populated by 1370 residents.[11]

Nearby towns and villages

Government and local groups

As of May 2022, the candidates elected to serve in Ward 13 Fortissat are:[12]

Local provost:

Deputy Provost:

The local MP is Anum Qaisar-Javed (SNP).

The local Constituency MSP is Neil Gray (SNP).

The Central Scotland regional MSPs for North Lanarkshire are:[13]

Local groups

There are several local groups in the village which have been set up to provide a service to the community.

Community Council provide information pertaining to planning, local interest surrounding the village and further awareness of events in the village.

Notable natives

References

  1. ^ "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Salsburgh from the Gazetteer for Scotland".
  3. ^ a b "Mining". Salsburgh Heritage Group.
  4. ^ "Shottskirk Public School". Archived from the original on 22 April 2016. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
  5. ^ "Shottskirk, Shotts".
  6. ^ "Local Churches".
  7. ^ "Kirk of Shotts, St Catherine's Chapel, Kirk Well and Martyr's Grave | Canmore".
  8. ^ "1945 photograph of prefabricated building in Salsburgh". Glasgow Herald. 24 April 2004 – via Salsburgh Heritage Group.
  9. ^ "Salsburgh (North Lanarkshire) UK climate averages". Met Office. Archived from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Miracle escape as lorry destroys bridge". Daily Record. 30 June 2009.
  11. ^ "Salsburgh (North Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map, Location, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de.
  12. ^ "Ward 13 Fortissat | North Lanarkshire Council".
  13. ^ "Central Scotland regional members of Scottish parliament". North Lanarkshire Council.
  14. ^ "Shotts Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland". www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk.
  15. ^ "Jamie Dolan".
  16. ^ "Athlete Profile".
  17. ^ "Derek Whiteford".
  18. ^ Tonner, Judith (18 May 2020). "Salsburgh writer launches new chapter with publication of children's books". Daily Record.