Native toPapua New Guinea
RegionMadang Province
Native speakers
780 (2000 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3snx

Sam, or Songum, is a Madang language spoken in Madang Province, Papua New Guinea.

It is spoken in Songum (5°30′28″S 145°51′04″E / 5.50779°S 145.851042°E / -5.50779; 145.851042 (Songum)), Buan, and Wongbe villages in Astrolabe Bay Rural LLG.[2][3]

'Sam' is the word for 'language'. 'Songum' is a village name.



Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive p b t d k ɡ ʔ <x>
Nasal m n ɲ <ɳ> ŋ
Trill r <rr>
Tap/flap ɾ <r>
Fricative s h
Approximant j <y>
Lateral approx. l


Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid e o
Open a


  1. ^ Sam at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2019). "Papua New Guinea languages". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (22nd ed.). Dallas: SIL International.
  3. ^ United Nations in Papua New Guinea (2018). "Papua New Guinea Village Coordinates Lookup". Humanitarian Data Exchange. 1.31.9.