Sammy Davis
Sammy Davis, vainqueur des 24 Heures du Mans 1927 sur Bentley.jpg
Sammy Davis, winner of the 1927 24 Hours of Le Mans with Bentley
Born(1887-01-09)9 January 1887
Died9 January 1981(1981-01-09) (aged 94)
NationalityBritish
RelativesColin Davis (son)
24 Hours of Le Mans career
Years19251928, 1930, 1933
TeamsSunbeam
Bentley Motors Ltd.
Alvis
Aston Martin Ltd.
Best finish1st (1927)
Class wins2 (1925, 1927)

Sydney Charles Houghton "Sammy" Davis (9 January 1887, London – 9 January 1981, Guildford) was a British racing motorist, journalist, graphic artist and clubman.

Early life

Davis was born in South Kensington, London on 9 January 1887, the son of Edwin and Georgina Davis, his father was a merchant and tea importer. He was educated at Westminster School and University College London. While at school, he met Malcolm Campbell, and the duo were involved in a "spectacular pile-up" with a borrowed penny-farthing bicycle.[1] In 1906 Davis became an apprentice with the Daimler Company.[2] Training as a draughtsman, he became involved with the design of various products, from the Daimler-Renard Road Train to Daimler's team of cars in the 1907 Kaiserpreis race.[3] In 1910, he joined the staff of Automobile Engineer, just then being launched by Iliffe (also publishers of The Autocar) as a technical illustrator[3] and was by 1912 also a writer and sub-editor.[2] At the start of the First World War he joined the Royal Naval Air Service and served in France with armoured car section.[2] Following his demobilisation he became sports editor of The Autocar although he also served in the Second World War in the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.[2]

Racing career

While best known as Sports Editor of The Autocar, writing under the pen-name Casque (French for helmet), Davis also competed in many forms of motor racing in the 1920s. He won many awards in the popular trials competitions of the day.[citation needed]

As Sports Editor, Davis aided his prewar motorcycling associate, W. O. Bentley, in starting his company.[3] In 1921, Davis was invited by S. F. Edge to join Edge's Brooklands AC racing team, in between magazine deadlines,[3] while in 1922 he was part of Aston Martin's effort to break no less than 32 world and class records at Weybridge.[3] Davis became one of the famous Bentley Boys of the late 1920s. He won the 24 Hours of Le Mans outright in 1927. Partnered with Dr. Benjafield, they covered 1,472.527 miles at an average speed of 61.354 mph (98.740 km/h).[4] Motor Sport reported: "The victory, in spite of its accident of the crippled 3-litre Bentley driven by J.D. Benjafield and S.C.H. Davis, will always remain an epic, and even if the competition was not as keen as in the past, it is great thing to have won a race with a car which was damaged in the early part of the event."[5] In 1928 he finished ninth overall at Le Mans on a 1½-litre front-wheel-drive Alvis.[6]

In 1925, Davis finished second at Le Mans with co-driver Jean Chassagne in a 3-litre twin cam Sunbeam, covering 1,343.2 mi (2,161.7 km),[7] some 45 mi (72 km) behind the winner.[8] Davis piloted a 3-litre Bentley at Le Mans in 1926, crashing in an attempt to take the lead only twenty minutes from the flag.[3] On 7 May 1927, Davis finished second in the Essex Car Club Six Hour race at Brooklands on an Alvis 12/50.[9] At Le Mans that year, Davis became the stuff of racing legend when, at the wheel of the 3-litre Bentley "Old Number Seven", he skidded into a pileup at White House and saw the chassis twist, but nevertheless went on to win.[3] Davis would enter the 1928 Le Mans, coming ninth at the wheel of a front wheel drive 1,500 cc (92 cu in) Alvis shared with Urquhart-Dykes.[3] He would also come second at the 1929 Saorstat Cup, Phoenix Park, and at the Brooklands Double-Twelve (24 hours in two shifts, because the track was prohibited from holding racing at night) and 500 mi (800 km).[3]

In 1929, Davis finished second overall, and class winner, in the Brooklands Double Twelve on a 4,398 c.c. Bentley.[10] He finished second again in 1930 on a 5,597 c.c. Bentley.[11] At Le Mans in 1930 he met with misfortune, when his goggles were shattered by a stone, forcing his retirement; there were concerns he might be blinded.[12] On 4 October 1930, Davis was partnered with the Earl of March in an Austin Seven and they won the B.R.D.C. 500-mile race at Brooklands outright,[13] at an average speed of 83.41 mph (134.24 km/h).[14] Also at Brooklands that year, Davis set several Class H records in the Seven, including a flying kilometre of 89.08 mph (143.36 km/h).[14] (For the kilometre, his co-driver was Charles Goodacre.)[14] His efforts for the year earned him a BRDC Gold Star.[14] He also entered a Daimler Double-Six sleeve-valve V12 at Monte Carlo.[14]

He had a spectacular accident in a low-chassis[14] Invicta S-type at Brooklands in 1931,[15] skidding into a telegraph pole.[14] In 1933 he finished ninth at Le Mans in an Aston Martin.

At the 1935 Tourist Trophy, Davis' Singer Nine crashed due to a broken steering ball-joint. He hit Norman Black's Nine, which had crashed for the same reason at the same place.[14] Despite the severity of the crash, Davis was unhurt.[14]

On 15 April 1937, Davis drove a Frazer-Nash BMW round Brooklands, covering more than 100 mi (160 km) in an hour, at an average speed of 102.22 mph (164.51 km/h)[16] The same year, his Wolseley earned "a special award for being the best-equipped car to finish".[14]

Other interests

Davis also acquired an 1897 Léon Bollée Automobiles tricar, which he named Beelzebub, and continued to use into the 1960s before selling it to the Indianapolis Speedway Museum.[3] In time, his interest in veteran cars led him to co-found the Veteran Car Club of Great Britain in 1930.[3] He was first vice-president of the Aston Martin Owners Club in 1935, designing the Aston Martin "wings" badge. After the war, he did much to promote the revival of motorsport in Britain, both as vice-president of the Vintage Sports-Car Club and as President of the new 500 Club (later the British Racing and Sports Car Club). He was a committee member of the BRDC.[17] He also served on the Competitions Committee of the Royal Automobile Club, the governing body of motor sport in the United Kingdom.[18]

While in hospital after his 1931 Brooklands crash, Davis wrote Motor Racing.[14]

As well as his serious journalistic books about racing and racers Davis also published more lighthearted books under the Pseudonym Casque (French for helmet!). These were primarily a vehicle for Davis highly accomplished humorous cartoons of racing cars, drivers and their foibles, and the world of motor racing between the wars. His insiders view of racing the fallibity of racing drivers, the incompetence of officials and the unreliability of racing machines makes these both humorous and informative! The two sketchbooks include Brooklands, Le Mans, Alpine trials and the Monte Carlo Rally and TT races, His views on the (un)reliability of racing cars is further demonstrated by his choice of "Expensive Noises" as the title of his 1950 book in which exploding engines feature heavily.[original research?]

Davis would attend racing events, write, and paint into his 80s.[14]

Later life

Davis lived his later years in Guildford, never losing his boyish enthusiasm for life. He was a great storyteller and made a modest living writing articles and painting oils. He was an excellent driver and even as his years advanced he trained police drivers at Hendon. He owned a Bug-eyed Sprite, and an 1897 Léon Bollée tricar, called "Beelzebub," that he took on the annual London to Brighton Veteran Car Run.[19] He had completed the London-Brighton course in 1930 in the Léon Bollée in a time of 3hrs 20mins 0secs at an average speed of 17.17 m.p.h.[20] Davis was honoured at the Royal Automobile Club in London on 19 February 1976 attended by 100 of his friends and many French dignitaries including the Mayor of the City of Le Mans and was awarded "The Le Mans Gold Medal and Honorary citizenship".[21] He died in a fire in his home in Guildford on his 94th birthday,[2] some say caused by his ever-present smouldering pipe but more likely by an overturned paraffin heater.

His son Colin Davis also became a driver.

Racing record

Complete 24 Hours of Le Mans results

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
1925 United Kingdom Sunbeam Motor Co France Jean Chassagne Sunbeam 3 Litre Super Sports 3.0 125 2nd 1st
1926 United Kingdom Bentley Motors Ltd United Kingdom Dr Dudley Benjafield Bentley 3 Litre Speed 3.0 137 DNF
(Accident)
1927 United Kingdom Bentley Motors Ltd United Kingdom Dr Dudley Benjafield Bentley 3 Litre Speed 3.0 137 1st 1st
1928 United Kingdom Alvis Car and Engineering Company United Kingdom Bill Urquhart-Dykes Alvis FA12/50 1.5 130 9th 2nd
1930 United Kingdom Bentley Motors Ltd United Kingdom Clive Dunfee Bentley Speed Six >3.0 21 DNF
(Accident)
1933 United Kingdom Aston Martin Ltd. United Kingdom Augustus "Bert" Bertelli Aston Martin 1½ Le Mans 1.5 174 7th 3rd

Books (incomplete list)

Footnotes

  1. ^ Wise, David Burgess. "Davis: The Grand Old Man of Motor Racing", in Northey, Tom, ed. World of Automobiles (London: Orbis, 1974), Volume 5, p.499.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Mr 'Sammy' Davis". Obituaries. The Times. No. 60822. London. 10 January 1981. col D, p. 14.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Wise, p.499.
  4. ^ Fraichard, Georges Fraichard, The Le Mans Story (The Sportsmans Book Club, 1956), p.25.
  5. ^ Motor Sport, January–February 1928, Page 190.
  6. ^ Motor Sport, July 1928, p.298.
  7. ^ Motor Sport, March 1927, p.267.
  8. ^ Motor Sport, August 1925, p.68.
  9. ^ Motor Sport, June 1927, p.360; Wise, p.499.
  10. ^ Motor Sport, June 1929, p.63.
  11. ^ Motor Sport, June 1930, p.39.
  12. ^ The Sydney Morning Herald, 24 June 1930, p.10.
  13. ^ Motor Sport, March 1947, p.60.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Wise, p.499
  15. ^ Motor Sport, May 1931, p.334.
  16. ^ Motor Sport, May 1937, p.223.
  17. ^ Motor Sport, September 1945, p.247.
  18. ^ The Motor Year Book 1957, Temple Press, p.229.
  19. ^ Note: Car sold to the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Hall of Fame Museum in 1967.
  20. ^ Motor Sport, January 1931, Page 129.
  21. ^ AMOC Aston Martin Quarterly Magazine 16:60 (Summer 1976).

References

Sporting positions Preceded byRobert BlochAndré Rossignol Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans 1927 with:Dr. Dudley Benjafield Succeeded byWoolf BarnatoBernard Rubin