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San Pablo
San Pablo de los Montes
City of San Pablo
Lake Pandin.jpg
SanPabloLagunajf6901 02.JPG
Sampaloc Lake boardwalk with Mount Banahaw view (San Pablo, Laguna; 10-08-2022).jpg
Saint Paul the First Hermit Cathedral (M. Paulino, San Pablo, Laguna; 10-08-2022).jpg
SanPabloCityjf7271 06.JPG
Clockwise from top: Lake Pandin, Lake Sampaloc, Old City Hall, San Pablo Cathedral, Jose Rizal Avenue
Official seal of San Pablo
Nickname: 
Map of Laguna with San Pablo highlighted
Map of Laguna with San Pablo highlighted
OpenStreetMap
San Pablo is located in Philippines
San Pablo
San Pablo
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°04′12″N 121°19′30″E / 14.07°N 121.325°E / 14.07; 121.325Coordinates: 14°04′12″N 121°19′30″E / 14.07°N 121.325°E / 14.07; 121.325
CountryPhilippines
RegionCalabarzon
ProvinceLaguna
District 3rd district
Founded1586
Chartered1647
CityhoodMay 7, 1940
Named forSt. Paul the First Hermit
Barangays80 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorVicente B. Amante
(Nacionalista)
 • Vice MayorJustin G. Colago
(Nacionalista)
 • RepresentativeLoreto S. Amante
(PDP–Laban)
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate149,952 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total197.56 km2 (76.28 sq mi)
Elevation
237 m (778 ft)
Highest elevation
2,173 m (7,129 ft)
Lowest elevation
2 m (7 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total285,348
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
 • Households
70,979
Economy
 • Income class1st city income class
 • Poverty incidence
2.10
% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 1,427 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 3,003 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 1,349 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 364.1 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4000
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)49
Native languagesTagalog

San Pablo, officially the City of San Pablo (Filipino: Lungsod ng San Pablo), is a 1st class component city in the province of Laguna, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 285,348 people. [3]

It is located in the southern portion of Laguna province, it is one of the oldest cities in the Philippines. By land area, it is the largest in the province of Laguna. Its population ranks sixth within the province after the cities of Calamba, Santa Rosa, Biñan, San Pedro, and Cabuyao.

The city is also known as the "City of Seven Lakes" (Filipino: Lungsod ng Pitong Lawa), referring to the Seven Lakes of San Pablo: Lake Sampaloc (or Sampalok), Lake Palakpakin, Lake Bunot, Lakes Pandin and Yambo, Lake Muhikap, and Lake Calibato.

San Pablo was part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lipa since 1910. On November 28, 1967, it became an independent diocese and became the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Pablo.

History

San Pablo's earliest historical record dates back to pre-Spanish times when four large barrios bounded by Mount Makiling composed "Sampalok". In 1571, the first Spanish troops under Captain Juan de Salcedo arrived in the upland village of Sampaloc, which became a parish in 1586, and then a municipality in 1647, and was renamed "San Pablo de Los Montes" in honor of Saint Paul the First Hermit. In 1756, it was placed under the jurisdiction of Batangas province but was returned in 1883 to Laguna.

Aerial view of San Pablo, 1941
Aerial view of San Pablo, 1941

In 1899, a municipal government was established, with Atty. Innocente Martinez as municipal president. Marcos Paulino was elected municipal president in 1902 when the civil government was set up. From 1926 to 1940, the people of San Pablo worked for its independence from the province of Laguna. On May 7, 1940, the Charter Bill sponsored by Assemblyman Tomas D. Dizon of Laguna's 1st district was approved by President Manuel L. Quezon. The bill became known as the City Charter of San Pablo or Commonwealth Act No. 520 – approved by President Quezon.[5]

The city was inaugurated on March 30, 1941, with Dr. Potenciano Malvar, a former governor of Laguna, as the city mayor appointed by president Manuel L. Quezon. Succeeding him 1941 as an appointed mayor was Dr. Manuel Quisumbing, in turn followed by Tomas D. Dizon in 1943 as an appointed mayor. The succeeding mayors were elected after 1955, with Cipriano B. Colago being the first elected city mayor.

Geography

San Pablo has a cool climate owing to its location. It is nestled in the foothills of three mountains: Mount Banahaw, Mount Makiling and the Sierra Madre Mountains. These mountains do not only provide attractions for the tourism industry (such as waterfalls) and sources of many forest-based products, but also serve as stewards for the clean air. It is situated 82 kilometers (51 mi) southeast of Manila via Alaminos, 37 kilometers (23 mi) southwest of Santa Cruz via Calauan.

Its soil is suitable for those seeking opportunities in agriculture and horticulture given its richness and fertility. The different barangays have coconut plantation, lanzones fruit – Lansium parasiticum tree plantation and rambutan fruit tree plantation – Rambutan. The place is rich in orchid plants.

Climate

The prevailing climatic conditions in the municipality is categorized into wet and dry seasons.

Climate data for San Pablo City, Laguna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 79 81 84 88 88 86 84 82 82 82 82 79 83
Average low °F 68 68 68 70 73 75 73 73 73 72 72 70 71
Average precipitation inches 2.0 1.4 1.1 1.1 3.2 4.9 6.4 5.7 5.7 5.6 3.9 4.0 45
Average high °C 26 27 29 31 31 30 29 28 28 28 28 26 28
Average low °C 20 20 20 21 23 24 23 23 23 22 22 21 22
Average precipitation mm 52 35 27 27 82 124 163 144 145 141 100 102 1,142
Average rainy days 12.0 8.1 8.8 9.7 17.9 22.6 26.2 24.5 24.6 22.0 16.7 14.9 208
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[6]

Barangays

San Pablo City is politically subdivided into 80 barangays.

Demographics

Population census of San Pablo
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 22,612—    
1918 31,399+2.21%
1939 46,311+1.87%
1948 50,435+0.95%
1960 70,680+2.85%
1970 105,517+4.08%
1975 116,607+2.02%
1980 131,655+2.46%
1990 161,630+2.07%
1995 183,757+2.43%
2000 207,927+2.68%
2007 237,259+1.84%
2010 248,890+1.76%
2015 266,068+1.28%
2020 285,348+1.39%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[7][8][9][10]

According to the 2010 census, San Pablo had a population of 248,890 people,[11] up from 237,259 people and 44,166 households in the 2007 census. The city was once the largest city in Laguna, but it was overtaken by Calamba in the 1990 census. San Pedro followed suit in 1995, then came Santa Rosa and Biñan in 2007, and Cabuyao in 2015, all owing their growth to its proximity to Metro Manila.[12]

Ethnicity and language

The language spoken in the city and the medium of instruction in schools are English and Filipino, also known as Tagalog in this area.

Economy

Downtown area
Downtown area
SM City San Pablo
SM City San Pablo

At the end of the 20th century and the start of the 21st century, economic development shifted from San Pablo to the western Laguna. San Pedro, Biñan, Santa Rosa, Cabuyao, Calamba, Los Baños, and Santa Cruz experienced rapid economic development brought about by local and foreign investments, the rapid growth of industrial estates and export processing zones, and the placement of major institutions in those areas, San Pablo City was left behind and remained a semi-developed residential community.

Despite the fact that the city was partly touched by economic development, San Pablo City boasts itself as a potential eco-tourism destination in the province. However, given its human and land resources, various BPO companies are seriously looking at developing the city into the ICT hub of Southern Luzon. Although there were previous attempts to build a similar establishment, SM Prime Holdings was given its go signal in July 2008 to push ahead for SM City San Pablo located at Riverina Commercial Estates along Maharlika Highway at Barangay San Rafael.

[20] Apart from this, the development of the Hacienda Escudero plantation resort town and nearby real estates, which is a joint venture with Landco, is by far the largest planned community investment in the city covering 415 hectares (1,030 acres): It will include resort type communities; the original Villa Escudero Plantations as the center-piece; commercial establishments like a mall, hotels, and a convention center to be built relative to the distinctive architecture theme of the original Villa Escudero. As such Hacienda Escudero will become the ultimate history town themed community in this part of the country.

ABS-CBN TV-46 San Pablo (DWLY-TV) served the city through its office along Rizal Avenue at the heart of the city.

San Pablo City is home to showrooms, marketing, and parts/servicing centers of Honda Cars Laguna, Ford San Pablo, Isuzu San Pablo, Hyundai San Pablo, Mitsubishi (SFM) San Pablo, Nissan Southwoods-San Pablo, and Toyota San Pablo.

San Pablo also claims the title City of Buko Pie Buko Pie", which is a disputed title as other neighboring towns are also known for producing the delicacy. "Colettes' Buko Pie", based in San Pablo, was known for experimenting with different variants of the delicacy. Colette's has also regularly produced the "World's Largest Buko Pie" during San Pablo's Coco Festival. Colette's is the largest Buko Pie brand in the Laguna area with 34 stores, though the claim to the first buko pie store is in Los Baños, "D' Original Buko Pie" store. Buko pie is acknowledged to have originated from Los BañosUniversity of the Philippines – Los Banos, as an invention of a Food Technologist from UPLBUniversity of the Philippines, Los Banos Campus. Thus, the more popular term: "Los Baños Buko Pie." The supply of coconut in San Pablo, though, makes it an ideal spot for putting up buko pie shops.

Franklin Baker Company, one of the well-known companies with operations in San Pablo, has announced that its plant in the city would cease its operations and transfer to another existing facility, owned by the said company, in Davao del Sur by December 2008. The said decision could affect the jobs of at least 1,200 people, the majority of them San Pableños. Various factors are blamed for this closure, including the conversion of big coconut farms into residential areas.[21] However, production was restored in the first quarter of 2009 in the San Pablo plant of Franklin Baker Company due to processing problems encountered at Davao del Sur.

Tourism and recreation

The Seven Lakes of San Pablo, seven crater lakes scattered around the city, have for many generations provided food and livelihood, leisure and respite for the citizens of the city. A bustling city of trade and commerce, it is also a center of education and learning with schools, colleges, and training institutions.

Lake Sampaloc
Lake Sampaloc

Hacienda Escudero Plantation Resort Town is the largest planned community investment in the city covering 415 hectares (1,030 acres). The resort has the richness of coconut plantation, and provides serenading Filipino songs and Bayanihan Dances (Folk Dances).

Public Playground and Sampalok Lake (Katuparan ng Pangarap: Fulfillment of Dreams) is a public playground in the city built during the term of mayor Atty. Zacarias Africa Ticzon, who as well improved tourism places around Lake Sampaloc, that is near the municipal City Hall. Both places serve as haven for sports, and recreation. The vicinity for tourism consequently encouraged small businesses for restaurants of native dishes catering visitors of the area. It has dramatically contributed income for the city.

The Komikero Komiks Museum, a brick-and-mortar museum meant to showcase the Philippines' rich history of graphic novels and comic books, and the talent of eminent artists in the field,[22] features original art from Philippine comic book industry leaders including Alfredo Alcala, Francisco Coching, Alex Niño, Steve Gan, Nestor Redondo, Tony Velasquez, Hal Santiago, and Gerry Alanguilan. Alanguilan himself curated the museum until his death in 2019.[23]

Government

New City Hall of San Pablo
New City Hall of San Pablo

Elected officials

City council (2022-2025):

List of former municipal executives

Elected

No. Name Year Started Year Ended
1 Marcos Paulino 1902 American Rule
2 Inocencio Barleta 1926 1940
3 Cipriano B. Colago 1955 1959
4 Lauro Dizon 1960 1963
5 Atty. Zacarias Africa Ticzon 1964 1967
6 Cesar P. Dizon 1968 1986
7 Atty. Zacarias Africa Ticzon 1986 1992
8 Vicente B. Amante 1992 2001
9 Florante L. Aquino 2001 2004
10 Vicente B. Amante 2004 2013
11 Loreto S. Amante 2013 2022
12 Vicente B. Amante 2022 2025

Infrastructure

Healthcare

Most of the large hospitals in San Pablo are located in the city proper, but there are also health centers built for each barangay in San Pablo. Notable hospitals and medical centers are shown below. – San Pablo Colleges Medical Center (Barangay San Rafael) – San Pablo City Doctors' Hospital (A. Mabini Street) – Laguna Provincial Hospital San Pablo (Gen. Luna St.)

Transportation

San Pablo city is along the Maharlika Highway which leads to Quezon province. Jeepneys connect San Pablo city proper with nearby Calauan and Rizal, as well as other cities like Tanauan, Santo Tomas, and Calamba. It is also served by vans heading to the cities of Lipa and Santa Rosa.

Philippine National Railways has a station for its southern main line near the city proper.

Utilities

San Pablo's water source is run by its own San Pablo City Water District and is assisted by NAWASA. Just like every other place in Southern Tagalog, San Pablo's electricity is run by Meralco.

Telecommunications

Citizens of San Pablo mainly use PLDT (including Smart), Globe, and Dito Telecommunity, although some may use other internet service providers. Texting stations are often found in retail stores, stands, and residential houses.

Notable personalities

References

  1. ^ City of San Pablo | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ Commonwealth Act No. 520 (May 7, 1940), An Act Creating the City of San Pablo
  6. ^ "San Pablo: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  7. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Laguna". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  11. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
  12. ^ "Philippine Municipality Population".
  13. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  20. ^ "SM City San Pablo | SM Prime Holdings". Archived from the original on August 10, 2016. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  21. ^ "83-year-old factory to close, render 1,200 workers jobless". Philippine Daily Inquirer. January 10, 2008. Retrieved May 8, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ Olivares, Rick (December 21, 2019). "Gerry Alanguilan: World-class illustrator who never forgot his roots". ABS-CBN News. ABS-CBN Corporation. Archived from the original on December 21, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  23. ^ "Who is Gerry Alanguilan, Filipino comic book legend?". Rappler. Archived from the original on December 21, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2020.