Sangerhausen
Sangerhausen
Coat of arms
Location of Sangerhausen within Mansfeld-Südharz district
Sangerhausen
Sangerhausen
Sangerhausen
Sangerhausen
Coordinates: 51°28′0″N 11°18′0″E / 51.46667°N 11.30000°E / 51.46667; 11.30000Coordinates: 51°28′0″N 11°18′0″E / 51.46667°N 11.30000°E / 51.46667; 11.30000
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictMansfeld-Südharz
Government
 • MayorSven Strauß (SPD)
Area
 • Total207.64 km2 (80.17 sq mi)
Elevation
154 m (505 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total25,963
 • Density130/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
03464, 034656 (Großleinungen), 034658 (Breitenbach, Horla, Wolfsberg), 034775 (Wippra)
Dialling codes03464
Vehicle registrationMSH, EIL, HET, ML, SGH
Websitewww.sangerhausen.de

Sangerhausen (German pronunciation: [zaŋɐˈhaʊzn̩]) is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, capital of the district of Mansfeld-Südharz. It is situated southeast of the Harz, approx. 35 kilometres (22 miles) east of Nordhausen, and 50 km (31 mi) west of Halle (Saale). About 31,000 people live in Sangerhausen.

History

Historical affiliations
Margraviate of Meissen 1249–1291

Margraviate of Brandenburg 1291–1372
 Electorate of Saxony 1372–1806

Poland-Saxony 1697–1706, 1709–1763

Kingdom of Saxony 1806–1815
 Kingdom of Prussia 1815–1871
 German Empire 1871–1918
 Weimar Republic 1918–1933
 Nazi Germany 1933–1945
 Allied-occupied Germany 1945–1949
 East Germany 1949–1990

 Federal Republic of Germany 1990–present

Sangerhausen is one of the oldest towns in the historical region of Saxony-Anhalt, being first mentioned in a document created between 780 and 802 in Fulda Abbey.

Sangerhausen is mentioned as the tithable place Sangerhus in Friesenfeld in the Hersfeld Tithe Register, created between 881 and 899.

It is mentioned in a document of 991 as appertaining to the estates of the emperor, as part of Memleben Abbey.

By marriage it passed to the landgrave of Thuringia, and after 1056 it formed for a while an independent country. Having been again part of Thuringia, it fell in 1249 to Meissen, and in 1291 to Brandenburg. In 1372 it passed to the Electorate of Saxony and formed a portion of that territory until 1815, when it became a part of the Prussian Province of Saxony.

Historical population

Population pyramid as of Census 2011[2])
Population pyramid as of Census 2011[2])
Population development from 1824 to 2017 as in the displayed table
Population development from 1824 to 2017 as in the displayed table
Year Population
1824 4,419
1895 11,414
1946 16,220
1950 16,753
1960 23,778
1981 33,822
1984 33,466
1986 33,064
1995 29,734
1997 27,798
1998 26,917
1999 26,121
2000 25,399
Year Population
2001 24,881
2002 24,337
2003 23,836
2004 23,435
2005 23,261
2006 30,382*
2009 30,063 (21,337)**
2011 29,240
2013 27,830
2015 27,752
2016 27,265
2017 26,798
2018 26,297

* After annexation of neighboring districts

** Population of Sangerhausen town in brackets

Municipality

Map of the administrative divisions
Map of the administrative divisions
Village of Rotha
Village of Rotha

The municipality of Sangerhausen currently includes the town itself plus 14 outlying villages, also called (in German) Ortschafte or Ortsteile. These are Breitenbach, Gonna, Grillenberg, Großleinungen, Horla, Lengefeld, Morungen, Oberröblingen, Obersdorf, Riestedt, Rotha, Wettelrode, Wippra and Wolfsberg.

In 1994, the town of Sangerhausen, at that time still an independent municipality, became part of the so-called Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Sangerhausen, a municipal association consisting of Sangerhausen itself and the two villages/municipalities Edersleben and Oberröblingen. On 29 April 2000 Edersleben left for the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Helme. On 1 January 2005 the villages/municipalities Gonna, Grillenberg, Horla, Lengefeld, Morungen, Obersdorf, Pölsfeld, Rotha and Wettelrode joined the association from the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Südharz which was dissolved. Six months later, on 3 July 2005 Pölsfeld left for the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Allstedt-Kaltenborn.

On 1 October 2005 the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Sangerhausen, consisting then of 10 municipalities was dissolved and turned into the single town/municipality Sangerhausen; which meant that the 9 villages were truly annexed. On the same date Breitenbach, Großleinungen and Wolfsberg also joined, coming from the municipal association Roßla-Südharz. On 1 December 2005 Riestedt followed, coming from the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Allstedt-Kaltenborn. Finally, Wippra was incorporated on 1 January 2008, coming from the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Wipper-Eine.

Main sights

Transport

Sangerhausen station lies on the Halle–Hann. Münden railway and the Sangerhausen–Erfurt railway.

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Sangerhausen is twinned with:[3]

Notable people

Julius von Bose
Julius von Bose

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden – Stand: 31. Dezember 2019" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt (in German).
  2. ^ Zensusdatenbank
  3. ^ "Partnerstädte". sangerhausen.de (in German). Sangerhausen. Retrieved 2021-03-18.

Further reading