Statue of Sangolli Rayanna at Bengaluru Karnataka

Sangolli,TQ: Bailhongal (Sampagavi) Dist: Belagavi
Nandagad,TQ: Khanapur (Beedi) Dist:Belgavi
Burial placeNandagad,TQ: Khanapur (Beedi) Dist:Belgavi
Other namesRayanna Bharamappa Rogannavar
OccupationKittur Military Shetsanadi

Sangolli Rayanna was born on 15 August 1798[1] was a nineteenth century Indian revolutionary, military chief (Shetsanadi) and warrior in the Kittur princely state in the present day Indian state of Karnataka. He was the Shetsanadi of the Kingdom of Kittur ruled at the time by Rani Channamma and fought the British East India Company till his death. He died on 26 January 1831,[1] at the age of 33. He belonged to the Kuruba Gowda community.[2] His life was the subject of the 2012 Kannada film Sangolli Rayanna.


Sangolli Rayanna participated in the 1824 rebellion and was arrested by the British, who released him later.[3] He continued to fight the British and wanted to install the adopted son of King Mallasarja and Rani Chennamma, namely Shivalingappa as the ruler of Kittur.[4] He mobilised local people and started a guerilla type war against the British.[4] He and his guerrilla army moved from place to place, burnt government offices, waylaid British troops and plundered treasuries.[4] Most of his land was confiscated and what remained of it was heavily taxed. He taxed the landlords and built up an army from the masses. The British troops could not defeat him in open battle. Hence, by treachery, he was caught in April 1830 and tied up by the British; and sentenced to death.[4] Shivalingappa, the boy who was supposed to be the new ruler, was also arrested by the British.[4]

Rayanna was executed by hanging from a Banyan tree near Nandagad,[5] on 26 January 1831 at the age of 33.[1]

Rayanna was helped by Gajaveera, a Siddi warrior, in his revolt against the British in 1829–30.[6]

Rayanna was buried near Nandagad. Legend says that a close associate Sangolli Bichugatti Channabasappa of Rayanna planted a banyan sapling on his grave. The tree is fully grown and stands to this day. An Ashoka Stambha was installed near the tree. A small temple in the name of Sangolli Rayanna was constructed at Sangolli village, in which stands a statue of Rayanna flanked by two wooden weights used for body building. Two wooden weights are original, those were used by Rayanna himself for body building. A community hall built in commemoration of Rayanna at Sangolli serves the villagers of Sangolli.[citation needed] Karnataka Government recently established Krantiveera Sangolli Rayanna authority its work progress of Krantiveera Sangolli Rayanna Sainik school, "Shouryabhoomi" Krantiveera Sangolli Rayanna rock garden and in "Veerabhoomi" Krantiveer Sangolli Rayanna museum.[7]

In popular culture

Place where Sangolli Rayanna was hanged by the British army
Place where Sangolli Rayanna was hanged by the British army

Ballads and other memorials

The Gee Gee songs (Ballad) are heroic folklore verses composed in North Karnataka[8] and several such songs are sung about Kittur Chennamma, Sangolli Rayanna and other figures of pre-independence Karnataka.[9] A life size bronze statue of Sangolli Rayanna, riding a horse with open Sword in right hand, was installed near Railway station of Bengaluru.[10] The main railway station of Bengaluru City has been renamed as "Krantiveera Sangolli Rayanna Railway station" in 2015.[11] However the station officially re named and notified as "Krantivira Sangolli Rayanna" Railway Station on 3 February 2016[12]


In 2012, a film was produced on his life history.[13] was the subject of another Kannada-language motion picture Kraanthiveera Sangolli Rayanna (Revolutionary Hero Sangolli Rayanna), directed by Naganna and starring Darshan, Jaya Prada and Nikita Thukral.[13]


  1. ^ a b c "Celebrating the life and times of Sangolli Rayanna". The Hindu. 24 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Celebrating the life and times of Sangolli Rayanna". New Indian Express. 6 December 2016.
  3. ^ "Sangolli Rayanna and the rise of caste heroes". The New Indian Express. 6 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e Gopalakrishnan (2007). Gopalakrishnan, Subramanian (ed.). The South Indian rebellions: before and after 1800 (1st ed.). Chennai: Palaniappa Brothers. p. 103. ISBN 9788183795005.
  5. ^ R P, Sambasadashiva Reddy. "Miscellany". Deccan Herald, Bangalore. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  6. ^ Ali, Shanti Sadiq (1996). The African dispersal in the Deccan : from medieval to modern times. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan. p. 232. ISBN 9788125004851.
  7. ^ Pramoda (9 August 2018). "ಪೂರ್ಣವಾಗದ ಸಂಗೊಳ್ಳಿ ರಾಯಣ್ಣ ಪ್ರಾಧಿಕಾರ". Vijaya Karnataka. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  8. ^ Khajane, Muralidhara (8 April 2008). "We've come for your vote…". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 12 April 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  9. ^ Datta, Amaresh, ed. (1988). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: devraj to jyoti, Volume 2. New Dehi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 1293. ISBN 9788126011940.
  10. ^ "Sangolli Rayanna statue unveiled in City, at last". Deccan Herald, Newspaper. 28 September 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  11. ^ "Bengaluru railway station to be named after Sangolli Rayanna". Deccan Harald, Newspaper. 1 May 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  12. ^ "South Central Railway".
  13. ^ a b Khajane, Muralidhara (31 October 2012). "Rajyotsava release for Sangolli Rayanna". The Hindu. Retrieved 30 November 2012.