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Santiago
City
Santiago
Iglesia de Santiago
Iglesia de Santiago
Santiago is located in Paraguay
Santiago
Santiago
Coordinates: 27°9′0″S 56°47′0″W / 27.15000°S 56.78333°W / -27.15000; -56.78333Coordinates: 27°9′0″S 56°47′0″W / 27.15000°S 56.78333°W / -27.15000; -56.78333
CountryParaguay
DepartmentMisiones
Re-founded1669
Government
 • Intendente MunicipalAmérico Romero Sanabria
(Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total740 km2 (290 sq mi)
Elevation
69 m (226 ft)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total7,702
 • Density9/km2 (20/sq mi)
Time zone-4 Gmt
Code Postal
4860
Area code(s)(595) (782)

Santiago is a city in Paraguay, located in the Misiones Department in the south.

Toponymy

When it was originally named, Santiago was called San Ignacio de Caaguzú. It was re-founded in the Misiones department, Paraguay, in 1669 with the name of Santiago Apóstol.

History

Jesuit Reductions in the zone of Misiones
Jesuit Reductions in the zone of Misiones

Santiago is an old Jesuit mission and still today preserves many characteristics of the colonial time, like its great main square, the "house of the Indians" and a museum that preserves objects of art from colonial times.

During colonial times Santiago was a very important city because of its population, of about 3,000 inhabitants.

It is important to mention that during the holidays it was organized the Opera of Santiago.

Geography

It is located 278 kilometers from Asunción, the capital Paraguay. It is located on a hill between the cities of Ayolas and San Patricio.

Climate

In summer, the temperature reaches 39 °C, and in winter can drop to 0 °C. The annual average is 21 °C.[1]

Population

Santiago has a population of 7,702 inhabitants, 4,017 men and 3,685 women, according to the General Direction of Polls, Statistics and Census.[2]

Economy

The people of Santiago mostly raise cattle. Other local agriculture includes corn, sugar cane, cotton and soy.

Municipality

The former governor is Ignacio Larre (Liberal Party).

Tourism

Soy
Soy

Santiago has a museum of sacred art, the "Museo Jesuítico de Santiago" (Jesuit Museum of Santiago). The museum displays paintings and sculptures, including a 3 part sculpture depicting the Passion and Death of Jesus Christ and La Piedad.

The church preserves many images carved in wood by the natives. The "House of the Indians" museum exhibits images of saints. The church has a unique altarpiece in the Missions, many of the pictures in the church center around biblical themes.

The Benedictine monastery "Tupasy María" is a place of meditation, it was founded in 1984.

In January the "Fiesta de la Tradicion Misionera" (Missioner Traditional Festivity) brings horse breakers from Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay to show their abilities in racing and breaking in horses. Traditional Paraguayan food is sold at the festival, including "Batiburrillo", sopa and chipa Guazu with barbecues and the traditional Mandioca. The festival is usually held on January 20, 21 and 22. Michel Telo performed at the festival in the 2014. It is organized by the "Club de Leones" of Santiago Misiones, and claims to be the biggest rural traditional festivity in Paraguay.

The State "Tacuaty" is place for the Festival of Breaking-in and Folklore, located on the road to Ayolas.

The Hotel Estancia Ecuaty is recommended for visitors by the National Tourism Secretary.

References

  1. ^ "Santiago, Paraguay weather in June: average temperature & climate". Wanderlog. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
  2. ^ "Population of Santiago Paraguay".