Sarah Balabagan
Sarah Balabagan

(1979-03-08) March 8, 1979 (age 44)
Maguindanao, Philippines
Occupation(s)Overseas Filipino Worker (c.1993–1994), singer, entertainer
Known forUnited Arab Emirates criminal trial
Criminal chargePremeditated murder
Criminal penalty
Criminal statusReleased (1996)
SpouseJun Sereno

Sarah Balabagan-Sereno[1] (born March 8, 1979) is a Filipino woman who was imprisoned in the United Arab Emirates from 1994 to 1996 for murder. She was initially sentenced to death, but was later returned to the Philippines. Her story was made into a film in 1997.

Early life

Balabagan grew up in a poor Muslim family in Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao in the Philippines. She had 13 brothers and sisters but only six survived. Her siblings died due to disease and because of her family's financial constraints, which prevented them from availing adequate medical care. She worked for relatives at a young age to support her studies. She only managed to reach the fifth grade.[2] She has implied that she was abused by an uncle as a child.[3]


At age 14, Balabagan decided to work abroad. Her recruiter listed her age as 28 and managed to secure a job for her. She learnt of this falsification only when she was already on her flight to the United Arab Emirates. She was tasked by contract to work for a 67-year-old widower with four sons. Balabagan was anxious of the employment and convinced herself that her employers would respect her since she and they were Muslims.[2]

This was later proven to be false, as Balabagan became a subject of unsolicited sexual advances.[2]


On July 19, 1994, Balabagan killed her employer, Almas Mohammed al-Baloushi, stabbing him 34 times. She alleged that he had tried to rape her, and that she was acting in self-defense.

On June 26, 1995, a court ruled that she was guilty of manslaughter as well as a victim of rape. She was sentenced to seven years imprisonment and ordered to pay 150,000 dirhams (US$40,000) in blood money to al-Baloushi's relatives, while at the same time awarded 100,000 dirhams (US$27,000) as compensation for the rape.[4] However, the prosecution appealed the verdict, calling for the death penalty. On September 6, 1995, a second Islamic court found no evidence of rape and convicted her of premeditated murder, sentencing her to death by firing squad. There was an international outcry and a defense campaign in several countries, as her case was seen as symbolising the ill-treatment of domestic servants in Arab states of the Persian Gulf, and just a few months earlier there had been the rather similar case of Flor Contemplación, a Filipina domestic worker who was hanged in Singapore that March.

Reportedly, it was only after a personal appeal for mercy by President of the United Arab Emirates Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan that al-Baloushi's family agreed to drop their execution demand in exchange for blood money.[5] On October 30, at her third trial, her sentence was reduced to a year's imprisonment and 100 strokes of the cane, along with payment of blood money, which was donated by a Filipino businessman. She was caned in 20 strokes at a time over five days spanning January 30 – February 5, 1996. Philippine Ambassador Roy Señeres said "Balabagan said it was bearable. Embassy officials visited her twice afterward, and there were no marks or bruises or reddening."[6] However, she later said that her injuries were more serious than she said at the time.[7][8] She returned to the Philippines on August 1, 1996, to a hero's welcome.

Later life

Shortly after her release, Balabagan embarked on a career as a singer, appearing on a television program with Geri Halliwell.[citation needed] In 1998, she became a single parent after a brief relationship.[9] In August 2003, she married Russell Vergara. She went on to have two more children.[10] She later converted from Islam to Christianity after being introduced to a pastor by a Christian singer, Dulce Amor.[2] She and Vergara divorced in 2010.[7]

In 2013, she married Jun Sereno, and they have a child.[8] As of 2018, she lives in Las Vegas with her husband and five children.[11]

In August 2020, Balabagan confirmed that the father of her first-born child is the journalist Arnold Clavio, who exclusively covered her murder case, and revealed that their relationship happened when she was 17 years old.[12][13][14] She explained that her revelation was not out of vengeance, but to merely put an end to rumors.[15][16] She also added that she apologized to "everyone she hurt", including her family and the family of Clavio, and that Clavio's wife has expressed forgiveness, via a messaging app.[17][18]

In film

See also: The Sarah Balabagan Story

Balabagan's story was dramatised in the 1997 Philippine film The Sarah Balabagan Story. Directed by Joel Lamangan the Filipino language film starred Vina Morales in the title role which was initially offered to Balabagan herself but had declined. The government of the Philippines made several attempts to prevent the film from being shown lest it damage bilateral relations with the United Arab Emirates, and its release was delayed for several months.

See also


  1. ^ "How Seneres saved 14-year-old OFW from death row". ABS-CBN News. February 9, 2016. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d Rodis, Rodel (April 8, 2009). "Sarah Balabagan, from Muslim to Christian". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on July 15, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  3. ^ "Wealth of the poor An Economic Look into Poverty" (PDF). December 8, 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 8, 2013. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  4. ^ "Amnesty International is concerned about the capital sentence imposed on Sarah Balabagan", September 27, 1995.
  5. ^ "Judicial caning, Arab Emirates, Oct 1995 - CORPUN ARCHIVE aeju9510". Retrieved December 16, 2022.
  6. ^ "Philippine Maid Gets Symbolic 100 Lashes", Los Angeles Times, February 10, 1996.
  7. ^ a b "Sarah Balabagan The next chapter". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on March 18, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Ader, Carlota. "Set Free: The Story of Sarah Balabagan-Sereno". Archived from the original on February 2, 2018. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  9. ^ Kingsu-Cheng, Jane (August 24, 2020). "Everything you need to know about the Sarah Balabagan-Arnold Clavio connection". Manila Bulletin.
  10. ^ "Sarah Balabagan: Moving on from darkness to light". The Manila Times. July 25, 2011.
  11. ^ "Remember OFW Sarah Balabagan? She Is Living This Kind Of Life Now". Philippine News. September 8, 2018. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  12. ^ Severo, Jan Milo. "'Walang bahong hindi lalabas': Sarah Balabagan confirms Arnold Clavio is father of first born". Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  13. ^ Santiago, Ervin (August 24, 2020). "Makalipas ang 22 taon, Sarah Balabagan umamin na: Ang ama po ng panganay ko ay si Arnold Clavio". Inquirer Bandera. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  14. ^ Siazon, Rachelle (August 24, 2020). "Sarah Balabagan reveals Arnold Clavio is the biological father of her 21-year-old daughter". Philippine Entertainment Portal.
  15. ^ Arcadio, Ryan (August 24, 2020). "WATCH: Sarah Balabagan names Arnold Clavio as father of her firstborn". Inquirer Entertainment. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  16. ^ Malasig, Jeline (August 24, 2020). "'Hair time!': Arnold Clavio posts hair-do photos amid claims of fathering Sarah Balabagan's child". Interaksyon. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  17. ^ Kingsu-Cheng, Jane (August 24, 2020). "Everything you need to know about the Sarah Balabagan-Arnold Clavio connection". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  18. ^ Bernardo, Neil (August 24, 2020). "Arnold Clavio's wife reacts to Sarah Balabagan's revelation". MSN Philippines. Retrieved August 31, 2020.