Sariya
Suriya
Community development block
Sariya is located in Jharkhand
Sariya
Sariya
Location Near Mathur House in Jharkhand, India
Sariya is located in India
Sariya
Sariya
Sariya (India)
Coordinates: 24°10′27.7″N 85°53′29.5″E / 24.174361°N 85.891528°E / 24.174361; 85.891528Coordinates: 24°10′27.7″N 85°53′29.5″E / 24.174361°N 85.891528°E / 24.174361; 85.891528
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictGiridih
Government
 • TypeFederal democracy
Area
 • Total280.12 km2 (108.15 sq mi)
Elevation
308 m (1,010 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total149,068
 • Density530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
825320 (Sariya)
Telephone/STD code06557
Vehicle registrationJH 11
Lok Sabha constituencyKodarma
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBagodar
Websitegiridih.nic.in

Sariya Mahraj Mathur is a community development block (CD block) that forms an administrative division in the Bagodar-Saria subdivision of the Giridih district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Overview

Giridih is a plateau region. The western portion of the district is part of a larger central plateau. The rest of the district is a lower plateau, a flat table land with an elevation of about 1,300 feet. At the edges, the ghats drop to about 700 feet. The Pareshnath Hills or Shikharji rises to a height of 4,480 feet in the south-eastern part of the district. The district is thickly forested. Amongst the natural resources, it has coal and mica.[1][2] Inaugurating the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana in 2016, Raghubar Das, Chief Minister of Jharkhand, had indicated that there were 23 lakh BPL families in Jharkhand.[3] There was a plan to bring the BPL proportion in the total population down to 35%.[4]

Maoist activities

Jharkhand is one of the states affected by Maoist activities. As of 2012, Giridih was one of the 14 highly affected districts in the state.[5]As of 2016, Giridih was identified as one of the 13 focus areas by the state police to check Maoist activities.[6] In 2017, the Maoists, in Giridih district, have torched more than 50 vehicles engaged in road construction or carrying goods.[7]

Geography

Sariya CD block is bounded by Birni CD block on the north, Dumri CD block on the east, Bagodar CD block on the south and Chalkusha CD block, in Hazaribagh district, on the west.[8][9]

Sariya CD block has an area of 280.12 km2. It has 23 gram panchayats, 67 inhabited villages and 1 census town. Suriya police station serves this block.[10] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Suriya. n/a % of the area has forest cover.[8][11]

Barakar River flows through this block.[12]

Gram panchayats in Sariya CD block are: Parsiya, Amnari, Ghutiyapesra, Koerdih, Purnidih, Mokamo, Kailatand, Nagar Keshwari, Keshwari, Barwadih, Sablpur, Bagodih, Nawadih, Sariya (N), Sariya (E), Sariya (W), Sariya Khurd, Mandramo (E), Mandramo (W), Chirua, Chichaki, Kusmadih, and Bandkharo.[12]

Demographics

Population

According to the 2011 Census of India, Sariya CD block had a total population of 149,068, of which 130,135 were rural and 18,993 were urban. There were 76,936 (52%) males and 72,132 (48%) females. Population in the age range 0–6 years was 27,583. Scheduled Castes numbered 18,097 (12.14%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 4,355 (2.92%).[13]

The only census town in Sariya CD block is (2011 census population figure in brackets): Barki Sarayia (18,933).[13]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Sariya CD block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Amnari (4,023), Nagar Keswari (4,841), Keshwai (9,625), Saria Khurd (5,156), Sabalpur (5,179), Bagodih (5,955), Nawadih (4,048) and Mandramo (11,558).[13]

Literacy

As of 2011 census the total number of literate persons in Sariya CD block was 80,489 (66.25% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 50,520 (70.04% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 29,969 (50.72% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 19.32%.[13]

As of 2011 census, literacy in Giridih district was 63.14% [14] Literacy in Jharkhand was 66.41% in 2011.[14] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[15]

See also – List of Jharkhand districts ranked by literacy rate

Literacy in CD Blocks of
Giridih district
Giridih subdivision
Giridih - 63.22%
Gandey - 56.30%
Bengabad - 59.33%
Dumri subdivision
Dumri - 63.55%
Pirtand - 47.22%
Bagodar Saria subdivision
Bagodar - 64.43%
Suriya - 66.25%
Birni - 61.47%
Khori Mahua subdivision
Dhanwar - 65.44%
Jamua - 63.99%
Deori - 62.54%
Tisri - 55.27%
Gawan - 60.94 %
Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data


Language and religion

In 2001, Khortha was the mother-tongue of 988,198 persons in Giridih district, forming 51.89% of the population, followed by Hindi with 392,263 persons (20.60%), Urdu with 309,960 persons (11.24%) and others with 309,960 persons (16.28%) with no information.[16]

Hindi is the official language in Jharkhand and Urdu has been declared as an additional official language.[17]

In 2011, Hindus numbered 1,856,202, forming 75.90% of the population of Giridih district followed by Muslims with 508,586 persons (20.80%), Christians with 14,645 persons (0.60%) and other religions/ religion not stated with 66,041 (2.70%).[16]

Rural poverty

40-50% of the population of Giridih district were in the BPL category in 2004–2005, being in the same category as Godda, Koderma and Hazaribagh districts.[18] Rural poverty in Jharkhand declined from 66% in 1993–94 to 46% in 2004–05. In 2011, it has come down to 39.1%.[19]

Economy

Livelihood

Livelihood
in Sariya CD block

  Cultivators (53.23%)
  Agricultural labourers (21.60%)
  Household industries (2.20%)
  Other Workers (22.98%)

In Sariya CD block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 38,058 and formed 53.23%, agricultural labourers numbered 15,440 and formed 21.60%, household industry workers numbered 1,572 and formed 2.20% and other workers numbered 16,427 and formed 22.98%. Total workers numbered 71,497 and formed 47.96% of the total population, and non-workers numbered 77,571 and formed 52.04% of the population.[20]

Note: In the census records a person is considered a cultivator, if the person is engaged in cultivation/ supervision of land owned. When a person who works on another person's land for wages in cash or kind or share, is regarded as an agricultural labourer. Household industry is defined as an industry conducted by one or more members of the family within the household or village, and one that does not qualify for registration as a factory under the Factories Act. Other workers are persons engaged in some economic activity other than cultivators, agricultural labourers and household workers. It includes factory, mining, plantation, transport and office workers, those engaged in business and commerce, teachers, entertainment artistes and so on.[21]

Infrastructure

There are 67 inhabited villages in Sariya CD block. In 2011, 16 villages had power supply. 2 villages had tap water (treated/ untreated), 65 villages had well water (covered/ uncovered), 58 villages had hand pumps, and all villages had drinking water facility. 13 villages had post offices, 3 villages had a sub post office, 3 villages had telephones (land lines) and 23 villages had mobile phone coverage. 65 villages had pucca (paved) village roads, 6 villages had bus service (public/ private), 3 villages had autos/ modified autos, and 32 villages had tractors. 3 villages had bank branches, 3 villages had agricultural credit societies, no village had cinema/ video hall, 3 villages had public library and public reading room. 25 villages had public distribution system, 8 villages had weekly haat (market) and 24 villages had assembly polling stations.[22]

Agriculture

Hills occupy a large portion of Giridih district. The soil is generally rocky and sandy and that helps jungles and bushes to grow. The forest area, forming a large portion of total area, in the district is evenly distributed all over. Some areas near the rivers have alluvial soil. In Sariya CD block, the percentage of cultivable area to total area is 22.38%. The percentage of cultivable area to the total area for the district, as a whole, is 27.04%. Irrigation is inadequate. The percentage of irrigated area to cultivable area in Sariya CD block is 6.52%. May to October is the Kharif season, followed by the Rabi season. Rice, sown in 50% of the gross sown area, is the main crop in the district. Other important crops grown are: maize, wheat, sugar cane, pulses and vegetables.[23]

Backward Regions Grant Fund

Giridih district is listed as a backward region and receives financial support from the Backward Regions Grant Fund. The fund created by the Government of India is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. As of 2012, 272 districts across the country were listed under this scheme. The list includes 21 districts of Jharkhand.[24][25]

Transport

There is a road linking Hazaribagh Road station at Suriya to Hazaribagh. It passes through Bagodar on NH 19 (old NH 2) / Grand Trunk Road. Suriya-Rajdhanwar Road connects Suriya to Rajdhanwar and Khori Mahua on State Highway 13 (Jharkhand), running from Koderma to Gobindpur. Suriya-Parasiya Road links to the Keshwari-Chaube-Markacho Road.[26]

The Asansol-Gaya section, a part of the Grand Chord, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line and Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line, passes through this block. Hazaribagh Road railway station is on this line.[27]

Education

Sariya CD block had 24 villages with pre-primary schools, 63 villages with primary schools, 41 villages with middle schools, 9 villages with secondary schools, 2 villages with no educational facility.[28]
.*Senior secondary schools are also known as Inter colleges in Jharkhand

Healthcare

Sariya CD block had 1 village with community health centre, 10 villages with primary health subcentres, 8 villages with family welfare centres, 6 villages with medicine shops.[28]
.*Private medical practitioners, alternative medicine etc. not included

References

  1. ^ "Giridih district". Welcome to Giridih. Giridih district administration. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Parashnath Hill, Giridih". Native Planet. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Chief Minister launches Ujjwal scheme in Hazaribag". The Times of India, 2 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  4. ^ "State 12th Five Year Plan: State Annual Plan 2012-13" (PDF). State of Jharkhand. Jharkhand Planning Commission. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Jharkhand Assessment 2013". Satp. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  6. ^ "13 focus areas identified in Jharkhand to check Maoist activities". Eenadu Jndia, 14 June 2016. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  7. ^ "Maoista torch 9 vehicles, assault labourers in Jharkhand's Giridih district". India TV. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  8. ^ a b "2011 District Census Handbook Giridih, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Map on Page 3. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  9. ^ "CD Block/ Tehsil Map of Giridih". Maps of India. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  10. ^ "District Statistical Handbook, Giridih". Tables 2.1, 2.4. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Planning and Development, Jharkhand. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Giridih". District Administration, Giridih. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  12. ^ a b "Giridih.nic.in". Blocks. District administration. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  13. ^ a b c d "2011 Census C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". Jharkhand – District-wise CD blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  14. ^ a b "District Census Handbook Giridih 2011 Series- 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Page 17. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Literacy in India". Census 2011. Census population 2015 data. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  16. ^ a b "District Census Handbook Giridih, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 24. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Rural Poverty in Jharkhad, India" (PDF). Table I: Spatial Distribution of Poverty in Jharkhand. Munich Personal RePEc Archive. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Eliminating poverty" (PDF). Jharkhand government. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  20. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011 Giridih, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Tables 30 and 33, pages 52 and 58. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  21. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011 Giridih, Series 21 Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 17-18. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  22. ^ "District Census Handbook, Giridih, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 1176-1178 Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  23. ^ "District Census Handbook, Giridih, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 9: Forest, flora and fauna, Page 11, Soil and cropping pattern, and Land use pattern, Page 73, Table 41: Distribution of villages according to land use. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  24. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Funds: Programme Guidelines" (PDF). Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  25. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Fund". Press Release, 14 June 2012. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  26. ^ Google maps
  27. ^ "53521 => 63553 Asansol-Varanasi MEMU". Time Table. Indiarailinfo. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  28. ^ a b "District Census Handbook Giridih, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 1175-1176. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  29. ^ "Sariya College". SC. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  30. ^ "Colleges under VBU". Vinoba Bhave University. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  31. ^ "Sariya College, Sariya". way2college. Retrieved 2 December 2017.