Sirmuttra, Sirmathura
Town (small City)
Sarmathura Railway Station
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 26°30′42″N 77°22′11″E / 26.5117°N 77.3698°E / 26.5117; 77.3698Coordinates: 26°30′42″N 77°22′11″E / 26.5117°N 77.3698°E / 26.5117; 77.3698
Country India
209.630 m (687.762 ft)
 • Total17,988
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code05646
ISO 3166 codeRJ-IN
Vehicle registrationRJ-
Humayun's Tomb is made from Dholpur red sandstone, which was extracted from the Sarmathura and Bari area
Humayun's Tomb is made from Dholpur red sandstone, which was extracted from the Sarmathura and Bari area

Sarmathura (old names: Sri-Mathura, Sir-Mathura, and Sir Muttra) is a subdivision located in Dholpur district, in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

The Sarmathura subdivision is a substantial source of sandstone. Historically, red sandstone from Sarmathura was used for the regional construction of Talab-e-Shahi, Jubilee hall Dholpur, Dholpur Palace and the Nihal Clock Tower.[1] National monuments such as the Red Fort and Humayun Tomb are also made from Dholpur red sandstone, which was extracted from the Sarmathura and Bari area.[2]

The local languages are Hindi and Khadi Boli. The town's primary exports include red sandstone, sweet millet, and mustard.

Sirmathura was established in the 15th century by Maharaj Shree Rao Mukat (Jadaun) who ruled from Sirmathura an area of 400 sq. km (36 villages) as an independent territory.


The nearest town is Bari, and the nearest district is Karauli, Dholpur. It is situated near the river Chambal in Rajasthan district.

Damoh Waterfall
Damoh Waterfall

The Damoh Waterfall is 300 ft. high and is visible during the monsoon season, July through September.[3][4]

Parvati Dam (Angai)
Parvati Dam (Angai)

Situated on the Parvati River, Parvati Dam has 22 gates to release water downstream.[5]


Sarmathura has a population of 17,988 in 2,950 households, of which 54% are male and 46% are female, lower than the Rajasthan average. 77% belong to forward castes, 17% belong to scheduled caste, and 6% belong to scheduled tribes. 3,147 of Sarmathura's residents are children under 6, of whom 44% are boys and 56% are girls, a lower ratio than the state.[citation needed]

62.90% of the town's population practice Hinduism, and 37.02% practice Islam. Other religions are also present.

The literacy rate of Sarmathura is 86.18%, roughly equal to the Rajasthan state average of 76.11%. In Sarmathura, the male literacy is around 76.86% and the female literacy rate is 53.84%.[6][7]

Category wise male female population 2011

Total General Scheduled Caste Scheduled Tribe Child
Total 17,988 13,897 3,019 1,072 3,147
Male 9,649 7,422 1,649 578 1,690
Female 8,339 6,475 1,370 494 1,457

Religion data 2011

Town Population Hindu Muslim Christian Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Sarmathura 17,988 62.90% 37.02% 0.02% 0.00% 0.01% 0.01% 0.00% 0.04%

Literacy data 2011

Yes No
66.2% 33.8%


Dholpur–Sarmathura Railway

See also: Dholpur–Sarmathura Railway

A train on Dholpur–Sarmathura Railway
A train on Dholpur–Sarmathura Railway

The Dholpur–Sarmathura narrow gauge rail line is 2'6" ft. and the distance from Sarmathura to Dholpur is 72 km. This rail line is mainly used to export sandstone. It was built in 1908 during the reign of King Ram Singh and was completed in 1929. A passenger train now operates on this route.[8] The railway is converting to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge.


  1. ^ Binayak, Poonam. "Why Rajasthan's Lesser-Known Locations Are Worth Visiting". Culture Trip. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Dholpur - the Land of Red Stone".
  3. ^ Anand Prakash Joshi: "Rajasthan Patrika Year Book" (Hindi) p. 757, Damoh Waterfall Sarmathur
  4. ^ "प्राकृतिक हरितमा के आगोश में दमोह". Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  5. ^ Anand Prakash Joshi: "Rajasthan Patrika Year Book" (Hindi) p. 756
  6. ^ Sarmathura Town Census Census 2011 Office of the Register General & Census Commissioner, India.
  7. ^ Dholpur-Rajasthan. "Blocks/Tehsils/Panchayats". Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  8. ^ Anand Prakash Joshi (2016)  : "Rajasthan Patrika Year Book" (Hindi) p.755, Dholpur-Sarmathura unique Narrow Gauge rail line