Sarvestan Palace
کاخ ساسانی سروستان
View of the palace
General information
TypePalace
Town or citySarvestan
CountryIran
Coordinates29°11′44″N 53°13′51″E / 29.19556°N 53.23083°E / 29.19556; 53.23083Coordinates: 29°11′44″N 53°13′51″E / 29.19556°N 53.23083°E / 29.19556; 53.23083
Completed658-684 AD[1]
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Main hall of the palace
Main hall of the palace
Drawing of the Palace of Sarvestan. The palace measures 130 ft. frontage and 143 ft. deep, with an internal court.
Drawing of the Palace of Sarvestan. The palace measures 130 ft. frontage and 143 ft. deep, with an internal court.
Reconstructional drawing of the Sarvestan Palace
Reconstructional drawing of the Sarvestan Palace

The Sassanid Palace at Sarvestan (Persian: کاخ ساسانی سروستان kakh-eh Sassani-ye Sarvestan) is a Sassanid-era building in the Iranian city of Sarvestan, some 90 km southeast from the city of Shiraz. The palace was built in the 5th century AD, and was either a gubernatorial residence or a Zoroastrian fire temple.

History

The Sarvestan Palace was built by the Sasanian king Bahramgur (Persian: بهرام گور) (r. 420-438), and dominates an immense, empty plain. The name "palace" is a bit misleading, because the monument's function is not really understood. It may in fact have been a hunting lodge or even a sanctuary. The problem is complicated by the fact that there appears to have been a small building, just north of the palace; its function is unknown.[2]

Palace court

A visitor who would have arrived from the south, would have seen three iwans. After entering the central one, he would have reached a large square hall under a large dome, made of baked brick. After this, a visitor would have found himself on a rectangular courtyard, surrounded by the residential quarters. The building reminds one of the Ghal'eh Dokhtar and the palace of Ardashir, both near Firuzabad; the difference is that the Sarvestan palace is open to all sides. The building, made of stone and mortar, must have had fine decorations, which partly survive.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.tehrantimes.com/news/466371/Sarvestan-the-enigmatic-monument-of-ancient-Iran-finally-dated
  2. ^ a b "Sarvestan palace". Livius.org. 2011-04-03. Retrieved 2011-10-03.