Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal
Sarvottam-yudh-seva-medal
Awarded forWartime distinguished service
Country India
Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal ribbon.svg
Ribbon
Precedence
Next (higher)
IND Padma Bhushan BAR.png
Padma Bhushan[1]
Equivalent
Param Vishisht Seva Medal ribbon.svg
Param Vishisht Seva Medal[1]
Next (lower)
Maha Vir Chakra ribbon.svg
Maha Vir Chakra[1]

The Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal (Ultimate War Service Medal) is India's highest wartime distinguished service decoration. It is awarded for the highest degree of distinguished service in an operational context, which includes times of war, conflict, or hostilities. The award is a war-time equivalent of the Param Vishisht Seva Medal, which is India's highest peacetime distinguished service decoration.

The Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal may be awarded posthumously. It is awarded for distinguished service of the most exceptional order during war/conflict/hostilities. It may be awarded to all ranks of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force including those of Territorial Army Units, Auxiliary and Reserve Forces and other lawfully constituted Armed Forces when embodied, as well as Nursing Officers and other members of the Nursing Services in the Armed Forces.

The medal has been awarded only three times in history. They have been awarded to officers commanding a large force in a conflict. Lieutenant General A.S. Kalkat was the overall commander of the Indian Peacekeeping Force (IPKF) in Sri Lanka. Air Marshal Vinod Patney was the Western Air Commander and Lieutenant General H.M. Khanna was the Northern Army Commander during the Kargil War.

Design

The medal is circular in shape, 35 mm in diameter and fitted to a plain horizontal bar with standard fittings. It is made of gold gilt. On its obverse is the State Emblem and the inscriptions "SARVOTTAM YUDH SEVA MEDAL" (in English). On its reverse, it has a five pointed star. Ribbon: Golden colour with one red vertical stripe in the centre dividing it into two equal parts. The riband is of gold colour with one red stripe down the centre dividing it into two equal parts. If a recipient of the medal is subsequently awarded the medal again, every such further award shall be recognized by a bar to be attached to the riband by which the medal is suspended. For every such bar, a miniature insignia of a pattern approved by the Government shall be added to the riband when worn alone.[2]

List of recipients

Following is the list of awardees.[3]

Date Rank Name Conflict Reference
26 January 1989 Lieutenant General Amarjit Singh Kalkat, AVSM, VSM Operation Pawan [4][5]
15 August 1999 Air Marshal Vinod Patney, PVSM, AVSM, VrC Kargil War [6][7]
26 January 2000 Lieutenant General Hari Mohan Khanna, PVSM, AVSM, ADC Kargil War [8][9][5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Precedence Of Medals". indianarmy.nic.in/. Indian Army. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Honour & Awards - About". indianairforce.nic.in. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 2016-06-07.
  3. ^ "Official Website of Indian Army". indianarmy.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-01-22.
  4. ^ "GALLANTRY AND DISTINGUISHED SERVICE AWARDS FOR DEFENCE PERSONNEL" (PDF). archive.pib.gov.in. 24 January 1989.
  5. ^ a b Singh, Brigadier M. P. History of the Indian Military Academy. p. 246.
  6. ^ "INDEPENDENCE DAY GALLANTRY AWARDS FOR OPERATION VIJAY" (PDF). archive.pib.gov.in. 14 August 1999.
  7. ^ "Rediff On The NeT: Army orders inquiry into PVC blunder". m.rediff.com. Retrieved 2017-09-04.
  8. ^ "PRESIDENT CONFERS GALLANTRY AND DISTINGUISHED SERVICE AWARDS" (PDF). archive.pib.gov.in. 20 October 2000.
  9. ^ "Tribune India".