|King of the Bosporan Kingdom|
Satyros II (Greek:Σάτυρος) or Satyrus II was a son of Paerisades I and Spartocid king of the Bosporan Kingdom for 9 months in 310 BC. He was the elder brother of Eumelos and Prytanis. He and his brothers engaged in the Bosporan Civil War, a dynastic dispute that occurred when Eumelos made a rival claim to the throne.
When his father Paerisades died in 310 BC, Satyros inherited the throne and government as he was the eldest son. Shortly after, his brother Eumelos fled to the lands of the Siraces, where he entered into an alliance with Aripharnes, king of the Siraces, and made a rival claim to the throne. As soon as Satyros learned of this, he set out against his brother Eumelos with his army thus starting the Spartocid civil war. Satyros's own army had a total of 34,000 troops, a mixture of Greeks, Thracians, and Scythians. After cornering his younger brother, they fought at the Battle of the River Thatis, which resulted in a strategic victory for Satyrus and demonstrated his suitability for the throne of his father.
Satyros pursued his brother and his ally, Ariphanes, who both retreated to the capital of the Siraces. Upon approaching the city, he realised that it would be hard to take as the city was built on the river Thatis and surrounded by thick marshes. There were also man made defences including a fortified gate and a well-protected castle at the other entrance. Knowing he wouldn't be able to take the city, he at first plundered the countryside, gaining many prisoners and plunder.
The Siege of Siracena ensued. However Satyros died fighting Aripharnes while attempting to protect his mercenary captain, Meniscus. His brother Prytanis became king shortly after his death, and fought Eumelos but shared the same fate.
His brother Eumelos killed off the families of his brothers, but Satyros's son, Paerisades, survived and fled to Scythia, where he was given asylum by its king, Agarus.
A king of Bosporus, who was the eldest of the sons of Paerisades I., whom he succeeded in B.C. 311, but reigned only nine months.
Satyrus, since he was the eldest, had received the government from his father
Eumelus, however, had as ally Aripharnes, the king of the Siraces
Enrolled in his army were not more than two thousand Greek mercenaries and an equal number of Thracians, but all the rest were Scythian allies, more than twenty thousand foot-soldiers and not less than ten thousand horse
Going to the aid of those who had been worsted and for the second time becoming the author of victory.
he routed the entire army of the enemy, so that it became clear to all that, by reason both of his birth and of his valour, it was proper that he should succeeded to the throne of his fathers
Aripharnes and Eumelus, however, after having been defeated in the battle, escaped to the capital city.
This was situated on the Thates River, which made the city rather difficult of access since the river encircled it and was of considerable depth.
and had only two entrances, both artificial, of which one was within the royal castle itself and was strengthened with high towers and outworks, and the other was on the opposite side in swampy land, fortified by wooden palisades
Satyrus at first plundered the country of the enemy and fired the villages, from which he collected prisoners and much booty.
Satyrus is killed while attacking Aripharnes, king of the Siraces
he tried to recover his kingdom; but he was overpowered and fled to the so‑called Gardens,where he was slain
he only one to escape him was Parysades, the son of Satyrus, who was very young
he, riding out of the city on horseback, took refuge with Agarus, the king of the Scythians