Savlje
Savlje
Savlje
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°5′19″N 14°30′23″E / 46.08861°N 14.50639°E / 46.08861; 14.50639Coordinates: 46°5′19″N 14°30′23″E / 46.08861°N 14.50639°E / 46.08861; 14.50639
Country
Slovenia
Traditional regionUpper Carniola
Statistical regionCentral Slovenia
MunicipalityLjubljana
Elevation305 m (1,001 ft)

Savlje (pronounced [ˈsaːu̯ljɛ]; German: Saule[2]) is a formerly independent settlement in the northern part of the capital Ljubljana in central Slovenia.[3] It is part of the traditional region of Upper Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.[4]

Geography

Savle is a ribbon village along the orad from Ježica to Šentvid, standing on the edge of the terrace above the Sava River. A hamlet of the settlement, known as Spodnje Savlje (literally, 'Lower Savlje'), stands below the terrace. The soil in the area is partially sand and partially a mix of sand and loam. Fields lie to the north and south of the village. Savlje's water supply is provided by the pumping station at Kleče.[3]

Name

Savlje was attested in historical sources in 1161 as Sawelach (and as Sevlach in 1282 and Cvezlach in 1312). The name is derived from the demonym *Savľane, referring to people living near the Sava River.[5]

History

The first umbrella factory in Yugoslavia operated in Savlje; it was founded in 1882 by Josip Vidmar (1859–1950), the father of the communist politician Josip Vidmar.[3][6] During the interwar period, the underground communist publication Rdeči prapor (Red Banner) was published in 1931 at the Zatler house in the village, which also served as a refuge for Communist Party members. A plaque on the building commemorates the fact.[3]

During the Second World War, house no. 37 was used as an interrogation center by Italian-backed Anti-Communist Volunteer Militia (MVAC) forces.[3] The wartime border between territory annexed by Italy and Germany initially ran along Savlje Street (Saveljska cesta), dividing the village, but was later shifted to fields further north, whereupon Savlje became part of Italy's Province of Ljubljana.

In 1952, the Tops typewriter factory was established in Savlje.[3] Savlje was annexed by the city of Ljubljana in 1974, ending its existence as an independent settlement.[7]

Cultural heritage

Cultural heritage in Savlje includes the following:

Notable people

Notable people that were born or lived in Savlje include:

References

  1. ^ Krajevni leksikon Dravske Banovine. 1937. Ljubljana: Zveza za tujski promet za Slovenijo, p. 349.
  2. ^ Intelligenzblatt zur Laibacher Zeitung, no. 141. 24 November 1849, p. 20.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Savnik, Roman, ed. 1971. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 2. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 352.
  4. ^ Ljubljana municipal site
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. p. 368.
  6. ^ Kobe-Arzenšek, Katarina. 1972. Oris Vidmarjeve tovarne dežnikov in nogavic v Ljubljani. Kronika 20(1): 27–33.
  7. ^ "Naselje Ljubljana". Krajevna imena. Statistični urad Republike Slovenije. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  8. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 18822
  9. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 18821
  10. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 18709
  11. ^ Židov, Nena. 2008. "Kdor ne štehva, ni Posavc!" Štehvanje v Savljah, Klečah in na Ježici v Ljubljani (A New Quintain Tradition: Štehvanje in the Sava Valley). In: Ingrid Slavec Gradišnik & Helene Ložar-Podlogar (eds.), Čar izročila: zapuščina Nika Kureta (1906–1995), pp. 335–352. Ljubljana: ZRC, p. 337.