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.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Polish. (May 2016) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Polish article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 1,376 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Polish Wikipedia article at [[:pl:Sawa (Hrycuniak)]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|pl|Sawa (Hrycuniak))) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Sawa (Hrycuniak)
Archbishop of Warsaw and Metropolitan of All Poland
ChurchPolish Orthodox Church
Personal details
Born(1938-04-14)April 14, 1938
SignatureSawa (Hrycuniak)'s signature

Metropolitan Sawa, (sometimes Sabbas, secular birth name Michał Hrycuniak; born 14 April 1938 in Śniatycze) is the Archbishop of Warsaw and Metropolitan of All Poland, and hence the Primate of the Polish Orthodox Church since 1998, the second largest organized religion in Poland.[1][2] Sawa was a longtime associate of communist Służba Bezpieczeństwa actively working under name of TW Jurek during which he cooperated with communist authorities, leading a coordinated campaign both again individual church members and the Orthodox church itself. He supported and worked with communist government for the purpose of advancing his career within the Church. [3][4] He is also a professor of theology. Previously, he was a bishop of Białystok and Gdańsk (1981–1998) and Łódź and Poznań (1979–1981).

Metropolitan Sawa in 2010.


  1. ^ 43rd, Ed 2002; Limited, Europa Publications (2003-07-10). The Europa world year book. Taylor & Francis Group. p. 3394. ISBN 978-1-85743-197-1. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
  2. ^ Borowik, Irena (2003). Religions, churches and the scientific studies of religion: Poland and Ukraine. NOMOS. p. 39. ISBN 978-83-88508-41-7. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
  3. ^ Past of Archbishop Sawa. Rzeczpospolia. Jan. 13, 2009 [1]
  4. ^ Krzysztofiński, Mariusz (2008). W kręgu "Bizancjum". Kościół prawosławny w Polsce po 1944 r. Aparat Represji w Polsce Ludowej 1944-1989, Issue 1(6) (2008) (PDF). Institute of National Remembrance. pp. 79–153. ISSN 1733-6996.
Eastern Orthodox Church titles Preceded byBazyli (Doroszkiewicz) Metropolitan of Poland 1998–present Incumbent Preceded byNikanor (Niesłuchowski) Bishop of Białystok and Gdańsk 1981–1998 Succeeded byJakub (Kostiuczuk) Preceded byJerzy (Korenistow) Bishop of Łódź and Poznań 1979–1981 Succeeded bySzymon (Romańczuk)