Schley County
Schley County Courthouse in Ellaville
Schley County Courthouse in Ellaville
Map of Georgia highlighting Schley County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°16′00″N 84°17′59″W / 32.266666666667°N 84.299722222222°W / 32.266666666667; -84.299722222222
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedDecember 22, 1857; 165 years ago (1857)
Named forWilliam Schley
SeatEllaville
Largest cityEllaville
Area
 • Total168 sq mi (440 km2)
 • Land167 sq mi (430 km2)
 • Water0.9 sq mi (2 km2)  0.5%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
5,236
 • Density30/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd

Schley County is a county located in the west central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. (Schley is properly pronounced "sly", as this is the correct pronunciation of Gov. William Schley, for whom the county is named). As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 5,010.[1] The county seat is Ellaville.[2]

Schley County is part of the Americus, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The county was created by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on December 22, 1857, and is named for William Schley, United States Representative and thirty-sixth governor of Georgia.[3]

The first county courthouse was built in 1858. The present Schley County Courthouse dates from 1899.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 168 square miles (440 km2), of which 167 square miles (430 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5]

The central portion of Schley County, roughly north of Ellaville, is located in the Middle Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The very northern border area of the county is located in the Upper Flint River sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin. The southwestern portion of Schley County, southwest of Ellaville, is located in the Kinchafoonee-Muckalee sub-basin of the same larger ACF River Basin.[6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18604,633
18705,12910.7%
18805,3023.4%
18905,4432.7%
19005,4991.0%
19105,213−5.2%
19205,2430.6%
19305,3472.0%
19405,033−5.9%
19504,036−19.8%
19603,256−19.3%
19703,097−4.9%
19803,43310.8%
19904,86141.6%
20005,2337.7%
20105,010−4.3%
2018 (est.)5,236[7]4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 7,329 people, 1,435 households, and 1,041 families living in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 1,612 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 59.28% White, 37.77% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 2.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,435 households, out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 29.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,035, and the median income for a family was $36,215. Males had a median income of $29,239 versus $19,952 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,981. About 15.80% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.00% of those under age 18 and 22.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,010 people, 1,872 households, and 1,334 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 30.0 inhabitants per square mile (11.6/km2). There were 2,208 housing units at an average density of 13.2 per square mile (5.1/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 63.0% white, 33.3% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 1.9% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.2% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 14.1% were Irish, 8.5% were German, 8.1% were American, and 7.2% were English.[15]

Of the 1,872 households, 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.7% were non-families, and 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.24. The median age was 37.1 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $35,096 and the median income for a family was $47,234. Males had a median income of $37,339 versus $30,761 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,122. About 12.4% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.8% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over.[16]

2020 census

Schley County racial composition[17]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 3,357 73.83%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 863 18.98%
Native American 4 0.09%
Asian 20 0.44%
Pacific Islander 2 0.04%
Other/Mixed 126 2.77%
Hispanic or Latino 175 3.85%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 4,547 people, 1,864 households, and 1,452 families residing in the county.

Communities

City

Unincorporated communities

Politics

United States presidential election results for Schley County, Georgia[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,800 79.12% 462 20.31% 13 0.57%
2016 1,472 77.11% 401 21.01% 36 1.89%
2012 1,286 73.40% 448 25.57% 18 1.03%
2008 1,252 72.00% 479 27.54% 8 0.46%
2004 1,063 69.39% 464 30.29% 5 0.33%
2000 706 60.03% 460 39.12% 10 0.85%
1996 470 40.17% 576 49.23% 124 10.60%
1992 511 39.43% 601 46.37% 184 14.20%
1988 635 58.91% 439 40.72% 4 0.37%
1984 614 60.37% 403 39.63% 0 0.00%
1980 453 41.75% 613 56.50% 19 1.75%
1976 268 25.50% 783 74.50% 0 0.00%
1972 694 81.07% 162 18.93% 0 0.00%
1968 164 15.02% 309 28.30% 619 56.68%
1964 577 60.48% 377 39.52% 0 0.00%
1960 138 22.81% 467 77.19% 0 0.00%
1956 117 20.97% 441 79.03% 0 0.00%
1952 148 25.34% 436 74.66% 0 0.00%
1948 43 11.47% 257 68.53% 75 20.00%
1944 37 10.11% 329 89.89% 0 0.00%
1940 69 12.73% 471 86.90% 2 0.37%
1936 43 9.31% 419 90.69% 0 0.00%
1932 8 1.96% 398 97.55% 2 0.49%
1928 77 19.01% 328 80.99% 0 0.00%
1924 12 4.27% 266 94.66% 3 1.07%
1920 53 18.40% 235 81.60% 0 0.00%
1916 35 13.51% 222 85.71% 2 0.77%
1912 19 8.09% 213 90.64% 3 1.28%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 201. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  4. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 229. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 22, 2018.

Coordinates: 32°16′0″N 84°17′59″W / 32.26667°N 84.29972°W / 32.26667; -84.29972