Schley County
Schley County Courthouse in Ellaville
Schley County Courthouse in Ellaville
Map of Georgia highlighting Schley County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°16′00″N 84°17′59″W / 32.266666666667°N 84.299722222222°W / 32.266666666667; -84.299722222222
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedDecember 22, 1857; 167 years ago (1857)
Named forWilliam Schley
SeatEllaville
Largest cityEllaville
Area
 • Total168 sq mi (440 km2)
 • Land167 sq mi (430 km2)
 • Water0.9 sq mi (2 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total4,547
 • Density27/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd

Schley County (sl SLY)[1] is a county located in the west-central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 U.S. census, its population was 4,547.[2] The county seat is Ellaville.[3]

Schley County is part of the Americus, GA micropolitan statistical area. It is named in honor of Governor William Schley.[1]

History

The county was created by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on December 22, 1857, and is named for William Schley, United States Representative and thirty-sixth governor of Georgia.[4]

The first county courthouse was built in 1858. The present Schley County Courthouse dates from 1899.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 168 square miles (440 km2), of which 167 square miles (430 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.[6]

The central portion of Schley County, roughly north of Ellaville, is located in the Middle Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The very northern border area of the county is located in the Upper Flint River sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin. The southwestern portion of Schley County, southwest of Ellaville, is located in the Kinchafoonee-Muckalee sub-basin of the same larger ACF River Basin.[7]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Communities

City

Unincorporated communities

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18604,633
18705,12910.7%
18805,3023.4%
18905,4432.7%
19005,4991.0%
19105,213−5.2%
19205,2430.6%
19305,3472.0%
19405,033−5.9%
19504,036−19.8%
19603,256−19.3%
19703,097−4.9%
19803,43310.8%
19904,86141.6%
20005,2337.7%
20105,010−4.3%
20204,547−9.2%
2023 (est.)4,526[8]−0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1880[10] 1890-1910[11]
1920-1930[12] 1930-1940[13]
1940-1950[14] 1960-1980[15]
1980-2000[16] 2010[17]
Schley County racial composition as of 2020[18]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 3,357 73.83%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 863 18.98%
Native American 4 0.09%
Asian 20 0.44%
Pacific Islander 2 0.04%
Other/Mixed 126 2.77%
Hispanic or Latino 175 3.85%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 4,547 people, 1,864 households, and 1,452 families residing in the county.

Politics

United States presidential election results for Schley County, Georgia[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,800 79.12% 462 20.31% 13 0.57%
2016 1,472 76.55% 401 20.85% 50 2.60%
2012 1,286 73.40% 448 25.57% 18 1.03%
2008 1,252 72.00% 479 27.54% 8 0.46%
2004 1,063 69.39% 464 30.29% 5 0.33%
2000 706 60.03% 460 39.12% 10 0.85%
1996 470 40.17% 576 49.23% 124 10.60%
1992 511 39.43% 601 46.37% 184 14.20%
1988 635 58.91% 439 40.72% 4 0.37%
1984 614 60.37% 403 39.63% 0 0.00%
1980 453 41.75% 613 56.50% 19 1.75%
1976 268 25.50% 783 74.50% 0 0.00%
1972 694 81.07% 162 18.93% 0 0.00%
1968 164 15.02% 309 28.30% 619 56.68%
1964 577 60.48% 377 39.52% 0 0.00%
1960 138 22.81% 467 77.19% 0 0.00%
1956 117 20.97% 441 79.03% 0 0.00%
1952 148 25.34% 436 74.66% 0 0.00%
1948 43 11.47% 257 68.53% 75 20.00%
1944 37 10.11% 329 89.89% 0 0.00%
1940 69 12.73% 471 86.90% 2 0.37%
1936 43 9.31% 419 90.69% 0 0.00%
1932 8 1.96% 398 97.55% 2 0.49%
1928 77 19.01% 328 80.99% 0 0.00%
1924 12 4.27% 266 94.66% 3 1.07%
1920 53 18.40% 235 81.60% 0 0.00%
1916 35 13.51% 222 85.71% 2 0.77%
1912 19 8.09% 213 90.64% 3 1.28%

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Gurr, Steve (July 9, 2022). "Schley County". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 21, 2023.
  2. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Schley County, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 28, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 201. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 26, 2003.
  5. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 229. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2023". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2024.
  9. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ "1880 Census Population by Counties 1790-1800" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1880.
  11. ^ "1910 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1910.
  12. ^ "1930 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1930.
  13. ^ "1940 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1940.
  14. ^ "1950 Census of Population - Georgia -" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1950.
  15. ^ "1980 Census of Population - Number of Inhabitants - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1980.
  16. ^ "2000 Census of Population - Population and Housing Unit Counts - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000.
  17. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  18. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 22, 2018.

32°16′0″N 84°17′59″W / 32.26667°N 84.29972°W / 32.26667; -84.29972