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Cyrillic letter schwa
Cyrillic letter Schwa.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА́А̀А̄ӒБВГ
ҐДЂЃЕЕ́ЀЕ̄
ЁЄЖЗЗ́ЅИІ
ЇИ́ЍӢЙЈКЛ
ЉМНЊОО́О̀Ō
ПРСС́ТЋЌУ
У́У̀ӮЎФХЦЧ
ЏШЩЪЪ̀ЫЬЭ
ЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̊А̃Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃
ӚВ̌ҒГ̑Г̣Г̌ҔӺ
Ғ̌ӶД̣Д̆ӖЕ̃Ё̄Є̈
ӁҖӜҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠИ̃ҊӤҚӃ
ҠҞҜК̣ԚӅԮԒ
ӍӉҢԨӇҤО̆О̂
О̃ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆Ӫ
ҨԤР̌ҎҪС̣С̱Т̌
Т̣ҬУ̃ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́
ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾ
ҺҺ̈ԦҴҶӴӋҸ
ҼҾЫ̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄
Э̇ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺОУ
ѠѼѾѢ
ѤѦѪ
ѨѬѮѰѲѴѶ
Ԙ
ԀԔԖԠ
ԢҦ
ԂԄԈԊԌԎ
ԆԞԪԬ
Г̧Г̄

Schwa (Ә ә; italics: Ә ә) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, derived from the Latin letter schwa. It is currently used in Abkhaz, Bashkir, Dungan, Itelmen, Kalmyk, Kazakh, Kurdish, Uyghur and Tatar. It was also used in Azeri, Karakalpak, and Turkmen before those languages switched to the Latin alphabet. The Azeri and some other Latin-derived alphabets contain a letter of similar appearance (Ə/ə).

Usage

In many Turkic languages such as Azeri, Bashkir, Kazakh, Uyghur and Tatar, as well as the Kalmyk and Khinalug languages, it represents the near-open front unrounded vowel /æ/, like the pronunciation of ⟨a⟩ in "cat". It is often transliterated as ⟨ä⟩.

In Dungan, it represents the close-mid back unrounded vowel /ɤ/.

In Kurdish it represents the schwa /ə/ or the sound /ε~a/.

In Abkhaz, it is a modifier letter, which represents labialization of the preceding consonant /ʷ/. Digraphs with ⟨ә⟩ are treated as letters and given separate positions in the Abkhaz alphabet. It is transliterated into Latin as a high ring ⟨˚⟩.

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character information
Preview Ә ә
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SCHWA CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SCHWA
Encodings decimal hex dec hex
Unicode 1240 U+04D8 1241 U+04D9
UTF-8 211 152 D3 98 211 153 D3 99
Numeric character reference Ә Ә ә ә

References