ScotRail (National Express) logo.svg
156457 at Oban.jpg
Class 156 at Oban station in June 2005
31 March 1997 – 16 October 2004
Main Region(s)Scotland
Fleet size309
Stations operated336
Parent companyNational Express
Reporting markSR
PredecessorScotRail (British Rail)
SuccessorFirst ScotRail

ScotRail[1] was a train operating company in Scotland owned by National Express that operated the ScotRail franchise from March 1997 until October 2004. Prior to March 1997 ScotRail (British Rail) ran the trains and after October 2004 First ScotRail ran them.


ScotRail operated all passenger train services in Scotland, with the exception of the Arriva Trains Northern, GNER, Virgin CrossCountry and Virgin Trains West Coast services from England. ScotRail operated services into England with services to Carlisle and Newcastle, and the Caledonian Sleeper services between Scotland and London.

Rolling stock

ScotRail inherited a fleet of Class 101, Class 117 Class 150, Class 156, Class 158, Class 303, Class 305, Class 314, Class 318 and Class 320s from British Rail as well as Mark 2 carriages and Mark 3 sleepers for use on the Caledonian Sleepers and on some other passenger services.

ScotRail contracted English Welsh & Scottish to haul the Caledonian Sleeper services to London Euston. Class 90s were used south of Edinburgh and Glasgow Central with Class 37s used on the portion to Fort William and Class 47s to Aberdeen and Inverness. From June 2001, Class 67s began to take over.[citation needed] A dedicated pool was created due to the need to fit cast steel brakes.

ScotRail ordered 55 three-carriage Class 170 Turbostars to replace locomotive hauled stock and 40 three-carriage Class 334 Junipers to replace Class 303s.[citation needed]

In 2000, two Class 150s were transferred to Arriva Trains Northern.[citation needed] Class 158s were also transferred, four going to Arriva Trains Northern and two to Wessex Trains.[citation needed] The Class 101, Class 303 and Class 305s were all withdrawn.

In December 2001, five Class 322s were sublet from West Anglia Great Northern, they were returned in March 2004.[citation needed] To replace them ex Virgin West Coast Mark 3s were leased, being hauled by EWS Class 90s on North Berwick Line services.[citation needed]

Class Image Type Top speed Built
mph km/h
101692 at Arley.JPG
Diesel multiple unit 70 112 1956–1960
150 Sprinter
150262 at Cardiff Central.JPG
75 120 1984–1987
156 Super Sprinter
156457 at Oban.jpg
158 Express Sprinter
First ScotRail 158709 2005-06-17 01.jpg
90 145 1989–1992
170 Turbostar
Spt 170476 glasgow.jpg
100 160 1999–2004
303 Blue Train
Class 303 016 at Langside.JPG
Electric multiple unit 75 120 1959–1961
Scotrail 305501 at Edinburgh Waverly.jpg
British Rail Class 314.jpg


British Rail Class 318 at Gourock.jpg
Electric multiple unit 90 145 1986–1987
SPT320s Helensburgh.JPG
75 120 1990
322485 at London Liverpool Street.JPG
100 160
334 Coradia Juniper
British Rail Class 334 005.jpg
90 145 1999–2002
Mark 2 Carriage
ScotRail Mk2 coach at Euston.jpg
Passenger rolling stock 100 160 1969–1974
Mark 3 Carriage
Fort William sleeper.jpg
125 200 1975–1988


ScotRail's fleet was maintained at Haymarket, Glasgow Shields Road and Inverness depots.


In July 2003, the Scottish Executive and the Strategic Rail Authority announced Arriva, FirstGroup and National Express had been shortlisted to bid for the new franchise.[2] In June 2004, the franchise was awarded to FirstGroup, with the services operated by ScotRail transferring to First ScotRail on 17 October 2004.[3]


  1. ^ "Companies House extract company no 2938994". ScotRail Railways Limited. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Shortlist of ScotRail bidders puts three in the ring". Herald Scotland. 28 October 2003. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016 – via
  3. ^ "FirstGroup clinches Scottish rail franchise". The Daily Telegraph. 12 June 2004. Archived from the original on 23 June 2018.
Preceded byScotRail (British Rail) Operator of ScotRail franchise 1997–2004 Succeeded byFirst ScotRail